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Masked Puffer Arothron diadematus
2013-02-17 08:40:40

The masked puffer is found only in the Red Sea among coral rich reefs in depths ranging from 3 - 90 feet. Often found singly where the edge of the reef slopes or crests. The body is olive green or grey having a black mask over the eyes and pectoral fins, with a black border around the mouth. An interesting characteristic of the masked puffer is that it will find a home in a cave or...

Potato Puffer Tetraodon miurus
2013-02-17 08:21:54

Image Credit: Jamie C/Wikipedia The potato puffer, also called the Congo puffer, inhabits freshwater rivers of Africa, primarily in the Congo basin, occasionally found in flowing rapids. This puffer is a very inactive bottom dweller, burying itself in the sandy river bed waiting for prey to pass by. Although the potato puffer is a very aggressive predator, it also hides to keep out of sight...

Sebae Clownfish Amphiprion sebae
2013-02-17 07:52:18

Image Credit: Miles Wu/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 2.0) The sabae clownfish is a very rare species in the wild and is aggressive, especially as it matures. It is found in the northern Indian Ocean around India, Sri Lanka, Arabian Peninsula, Andaman Islands, Sumatra, Indonesia, and the Maldive Islands. This fish inhabits lagoons and coastal waters around reefs, at a depth range of 6 - 75 feet. This...

Redeye Gaper Chaunax stigmaeus
2013-02-16 09:05:38

Image Credit: Dr. Steve Ross (NOAA)/Wikipedia The redeye gaper is native to the North Atlantic from New England to South Carolina of the United States. This species is a bottom dweller found in deep water on the outer continental shelf and upper continental slope. The depth range for this species is from 300 - 2400 feet in an environment of dead coral beds. The first known capture...

Purple Tang Zebrasoma xanthurum
2013-02-10 07:39:55

Image Caption: Purple Tangs at Steinhart Aquarium in San Francisco. Credit: Stan Shebs/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0 and 2.5) The purple tang, also known as the yellowtail tang, is found to inhabit the Red Sea, the west coast of India, the east coast of Africa, and the Persian Gulf. It lives amongst reefs and coral rich areas at depths of 3 - 65 feet. This species normally swims in pairs, but will...

Sailfin Tang Zebrasoma veliferum
2013-02-09 09:19:46

Image Caption: Shizhao/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0) The sailfin tang is found in lagoons and around reefs from depths of 3 - 200 feet. The range of this species is widespread throughout the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific. It is a very popular aquarium fish, aggressive towards other sailfin, but peaceful to other fish. Best if kept in a large tank of 180 gallons or more. The largest...

Saddleback Clownfish Amphiprion polymnus
2013-02-09 09:11:17

Image Caption: Amphiprion polymnus at Tasik Ria House reef, North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Credit: Jens Peterson/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0) Saddleback clownfish are found in harbors and lagoons with a soft or sandy bottom, around reefs at depths from 6 - 90 feet. This fish is native to the Western Pacific, around China, Viet Nam, Gulf of Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, northern Australia, New...

Rosy Bitterling Rhodeus ocellatus kurumeus
2013-02-09 08:49:46

Image Caption: A Japanese rosy bitterling, taken in Japan, 2006. Credit: Book 74/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0, 2.5, 2.0 and 1.0) The rosy bitterling is a fresh water fish native to Japan consisting of two distinct species, the R. o. kurumeus and the subspecies R. o. ocellatus. The R. o. kurumeus species of this fish is found only in Japan, whereas the R. o. ocellatus species is also found in...

African Sharptooth Catfish Clarias gariepinus
2013-02-09 08:30:28

Image Credit: WA Djatmiko/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0, 2.5, 2.0 and 1.0) The African sharptooth catfish is native throughout Africa, and the Middle East, and in the 1980’s it was introduced all over the world. This catfish lives on muddy bottoms in freshwater lakes, rivers, swamps, man-made habitats, and occasionally found in urban sewage systems. This species is able to crawl across dry...

Silver Carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix
2013-02-09 08:21:21

Image Caption: Juvenile silver carp. Credit: Mirko Barthel/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0) The silver carp is a freshwater fish native to north and northeast Asia. It has been introduced or spread into at least 88 other countries around the world for reasons of aquaculture. It was imported into North America in the 1970’s to control algae growth at wastewater treatment facilities, soon after, the...

Word of the Day
ecotone
  • A transitional zone between two communities containing the characteristic species of each.
The word 'ecotone' comes 'eco-' plus a Greek root meaning 'tension'.