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Astrophysicists believe that about 80 percent of the substance of our universe is made up of mysterious “dark matter” that can’t be perceived by human senses or scientific instruments.
The neutrino plays a crucial role in nuclear processes such as fusion. But because of its small mass and neutral charge, it is very difficult to measure and study and as a result has been a source of frustration to physicists and astronomers.
In research performed at the Department of Energy's Jefferson Lab, nuclear physicists have found that strange quarks do contribute to the structure of the proton. This result indicates that, just as previous experiments have hinted, strange quarks in the proton's quark-gluon sea contribute to a proton's properties.
- A transitional zone between two communities containing the characteristic species of each.