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Last updated on April 20, 2014 at 17:20 EDT

Flora of the United States Reference Libraries

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Bishop Pine Pinus muricata
2014-04-18 10:20:50

Bishop pine (Pinus muricata) grows on or near the coast in California and Mexico; becoming endangered in Mexico. This tree also goes by the name of prickle cone pine, bull pine, Obispo pine, Santa Cruz pine and dwarf marine pine. This pine relies on the dense fog from the coast for its water supply as well as rainwater. This pine is also highly dependent on forest fires for future regeneration...

Arizona Pine Pinus arizonica
2014-04-18 10:05:00

Arizona pine (Pinus arizonica) is found in the United States in northern Mexico, southeast Arizona, southwest New Mexico, and western Texas. The Arizona pine closely resembles the Ponderosa Pine found growing in the Sierra Madre Occidental in Arizona south to Durango, CO. The Arizona pine grows in high elevations from 5906-8038 feet. It is a medium to tall pine growing to heights of 82-114.8...

Apache Pine Pinus engelmannii
2014-04-18 09:53:30

Apache pine (Pinus engelmannii) grows in the south west from northern Mexico to southwestern New Mexico and southeastern Arizona. This pine is closely related to the Michoacan pine and the longleaf pine. The Apache pine grows on canyon slopes, ridges, and stream-side terraces at altitudes between 5000 and 9100 feet above sea level. The climate preferred by this tree is somewhat dry with...

Spruce Pine Pinus glabra
2014-04-17 13:33:21

Spruce pine (Pinus glabra) grows along the coastline of the southern United States, from South Carolina to Florida and west to Louisiana. The Spruce pine rarely grows in pure stands, most often it is found inter dispersed among mixed hardwoods. This pine grows best in damp acidic soil, swamp to river, as well as in shady areas. The pine grows best in the hot and humid weather found in the...

Slash Pine Pinus elliottii
2014-04-17 13:14:58

Slash pine (Pinus elliottii) is native to the southeastern United States, from South Carolina to Louisiana along with the Florida Keys and 45 percent, growing in Georgia. The name derives from the “slashes” for which they live. Slashes are swampy areas overgrown with trees and bushes. The Slash pine has adapted well outside of its natural range in areas such as Kentucky, Virginia and East...

Shortleaf Pine Pinus echinata
2014-04-14 11:10:26

Shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata) is native to the southeastern United States. This tree is found in 22 states and has a range from 10 feet in elevation up to 3000 feet. The range includes southeastern New York and New Jersey west to Pennsylvania, southern Ohio, Kentucky, southwestern Illinois, and southern Missouri; south to eastern Oklahoma and eastern Texas; and east to northern Florida and...

Sand Pine Pinus clausa
2014-04-14 10:28:55

Sand Pine (Pinus clausa) is found along the Florida coasts line mainly the Florida Peninsula from Tampa to Naples on the Gulf Coast and from St. Augustine to Fort Lauderdale on the Atlantic Coast. Some trees can be found in higher elevations of the peninsula from Clay County to Lake Okeechobee. The sand pine grows best in sandy and otherwise unsuitable soil depleted of any nutrients. The...

Loblolly pine Pinus taeda
2014-04-14 09:54:04

Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) is native to the Southeastern United States including central Texas, Florida, Delaware, and southern New Jersey. The pine is also considered to be a southern yellow pine. The Loblolly pine is the largest of all pines and is also the second most common tree in the United States; the red maple is the most common. The Loblolly pine is a fast grower, growing from...

Longleaf Pine Pinus palustris
2014-02-26 09:04:44

Longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) is native to the coastal region from eastern Texas to southeast Virginia including northern and central Florida. This pine is also grouped into the Southern yellow pine species. Alabama has the Longleaf Pine as their state tree. Preserved stands of Longleaf Pine can be found in the Red Hills Region of Florida and Georgia. The Longleaf pine grows in...

Tulip Tree Liriodendron tulipfera
2014-02-14 15:44:22

Liriodendron tulipifera is a large tree from the Magnoliaceae family. It is commonly referred to as the Tulip tree, American tulip tree, Tulip poplar, Fiddle-tree and Yellow poplar. L. tulipifera is one of the largest indigenous trees in the eastern United States. It has been known to reach heights of 190 feet. Its trunk can reach up to 10 feet in diameter. Ordinarily its height reaches...