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Flora of the United States Reference Libraries

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Jack Pine Pinus banksiana
2014-04-27 07:07:32

Jack pine (Pinus banksiana) has a native range in Canada, east of the Rocky Mountains to Nova Scotia. Jack pine can also be found in the United States from Minnesota to Maine with northwest Indiana and northwest Pennsylvania being the furthest south in the growing range. The Jack pine is a short pine growing to heights of 30-72 feet. The trees will grow crooked much like the pitch pine...

Hartwegs Pine Pinus hartwegii
2014-04-22 13:27:36

Hartweg’s pine (Pinus hartwegii) is found growing in the mountains of  Mexico and Central America east to Honduras. This tree was discovered and named in 1838 by Karl Hartweg. The Hartweg’s pine is related to the Pinus Montezuma species which has shorter needles, as well as smaller cones and grows at lower altitudes. The Hartweg Pine grows at altitudes of 8200-14100 feet above sea level...

Bishop Pine Pinus muricata
2014-04-18 10:20:50

Bishop pine (Pinus muricata) grows on or near the coast in California and Mexico; becoming endangered in Mexico. This tree also goes by the name of prickle cone pine, bull pine, Obispo pine, Santa Cruz pine and dwarf marine pine. This pine relies on the dense fog from the coast for its water supply as well as rainwater. This pine is also highly dependent on forest fires for future regeneration...

Arizona Pine Pinus arizonica
2014-04-18 10:05:00

Arizona pine (Pinus arizonica) is found in the United States in northern Mexico, southeast Arizona, southwest New Mexico, and western Texas. The Arizona pine closely resembles the Ponderosa Pine found growing in the Sierra Madre Occidental in Arizona south to Durango, CO. The Arizona pine grows in high elevations from 5906-8038 feet. It is a medium to tall pine growing to heights of 82-114.8...

Apache Pine Pinus engelmannii
2014-04-18 09:53:30

Apache pine (Pinus engelmannii) grows in the south west from northern Mexico to southwestern New Mexico and southeastern Arizona. This pine is closely related to the Michoacan pine and the longleaf pine. The Apache pine grows on canyon slopes, ridges, and stream-side terraces at altitudes between 5000 and 9100 feet above sea level. The climate preferred by this tree is somewhat dry with...

Spruce Pine Pinus glabra
2014-04-17 13:33:21

Spruce pine (Pinus glabra) grows along the coastline of the southern United States, from South Carolina to Florida and west to Louisiana. The Spruce pine rarely grows in pure stands, most often it is found inter dispersed among mixed hardwoods. This pine grows best in damp acidic soil, swamp to river, as well as in shady areas. The pine grows best in the hot and humid weather found in the...

Slash Pine Pinus elliottii
2014-04-17 13:14:58

Slash pine (Pinus elliottii) is native to the southeastern United States, from South Carolina to Louisiana along with the Florida Keys and 45 percent, growing in Georgia. The name derives from the “slashes” for which they live. Slashes are swampy areas overgrown with trees and bushes. The Slash pine has adapted well outside of its natural range in areas such as Kentucky, Virginia and East...

Shortleaf Pine Pinus echinata
2014-04-14 11:10:26

Shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata) is native to the southeastern United States. This tree is found in 22 states and has a range from 10 feet in elevation up to 3000 feet. The range includes southeastern New York and New Jersey west to Pennsylvania, southern Ohio, Kentucky, southwestern Illinois, and southern Missouri; south to eastern Oklahoma and eastern Texas; and east to northern Florida and...

Sand Pine Pinus clausa
2014-04-14 10:28:55

Sand Pine (Pinus clausa) is found along the Florida coasts line mainly the Florida Peninsula from Tampa to Naples on the Gulf Coast and from St. Augustine to Fort Lauderdale on the Atlantic Coast. Some trees can be found in higher elevations of the peninsula from Clay County to Lake Okeechobee. The sand pine grows best in sandy and otherwise unsuitable soil depleted of any nutrients. The...

Loblolly pine Pinus taeda
2014-04-14 09:54:04

Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) is native to the Southeastern United States including central Texas, Florida, Delaware, and southern New Jersey. The pine is also considered to be a southern yellow pine. The Loblolly pine is the largest of all pines and is also the second most common tree in the United States; the red maple is the most common. The Loblolly pine is a fast grower, growing from...

Word of the Day
mitraille
  • Small missiles, especially grape, canister, fragments of iron, and the like, when fired, as upon an enemy at close quarters.
  • To fire mitraille at.
The word 'mitraille' comes from the Old French 'mitaille', meaning 'small coins', sometimes used to mean 'scrap iron'.