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Fluid dynamics Reference Libraries

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Barometer
2010-09-23 15:29:32

A barometer is an instrument that measures atmospheric pressure. The barometer measures pressure exerted by the atmosphere using water, air, or mercury. Through measuring the pressure one can forecast short term weather changes. Evangelista Torricelli is credited with the invention of the barometer in 1643. However, Gasparo Berti unintentionally built a water barometer around the same time....

Vortex
2009-07-18 15:30:33

A Vortex (plural: vortices) is a spinning, often turbulent, mass of flowing fluid. Any spiral movement with a closed streamline is considered vortex flow. The speed and rate of rotation of a vortex is always greatest at the center, with progressively decreasing speed away from the center. The fluid pressure is lowest in the center of the vortex, and rises further from the center (Bernoulli's...

Turbulence
2009-07-18 12:56:04

Turbulence (or turbulent flow) is characterized by chaotic, random property changes. Turbulence occurs with low momentum diffusion (spreading of atmospheric properties), high momentum convection (vertical transference of atmospheric properties), and rapid variation of pressure and velocity in both space and time. A flow that is not turbulent is known as laminar flow. A vortex moving at low...

Comet
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Comet -- A comet is a small body from the outer reaches of the solar system similar to an asteroid but composed of ice. Often described as "dirty snowballs," they are composed largely of carbon dioxide ice, methane ice, and water ice with a mixture of dust and small stony aggregates mixed in. Comets are thought to be small pieces of debris left over from the formation of the solar system,...

Word of the Day
jument
  • A beast of burden; also, a beast in general.
'Jument' ultimately comes from the Latin 'jugum,' yoke.
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