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Latest Frequency comb Stories

Combs Of Light Accelerate Communication
2014-04-15 08:44:02

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Researchers Exploit Optical Frequency Comb Sources on a Silicon Chip for Data Transmission in the Terabit Range Miniaturized optical frequency comb sources allow for transmission of data streams of several terabits per second over hundreds of kilometers – this has now been demonstrated by researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and the Swiss École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) in a experiment presented in the journal...

2013-12-23 11:10:13

Development of electronics and communication requires a hardware base capable for increasingly larger precision, ergonomics and throughput. For communication and GPS-navigation satellites, it is of great importance to reduce the payload mass as well as to ensure the signal stability. Last year, researchers from the Moscow State University (MSU) together with their Swiss colleagues from EFPL performed a study that can induce certain improvements in this direction. The scientists demonstrated...

Ten Times More Throughput On Optic Fibers
2013-12-04 12:56:47

Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne EPFL scientists have shown how to achieve a dramatic increase in the capacity of optical fibers; Their simple, innovative solution reduces the amount of space required between the pulses of light that transport data Optical fibers carry data in the form of pulses of light over distances of thousands of miles at amazing speeds. They are one of the glories of modern telecommunications technology. However, their capacity is limited, because the...

2013-07-11 16:11:06

Laser frequency combs-high-precision tools for measuring different colors of light in an ever-growing range of applications such as advanced atomic clocks, medical diagnostics and astronomy-are not only getting smaller but also much easier to make. Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) can now make the core of a miniature frequency comb in one minute. Conventional microfabrication techniques, by contrast, may require hours, days or even weeks. The NIST...

Laser Frequency Comb Helps Evaluate Novel Biomedical Decontamination Method
2012-06-14 12:20:07

Like many new measurement tools, the laser frequency comb seemed at first a curiosity but has found more practical uses than originally imagined. The technique for making extraordinarily precise measurements of frequency has now moved beyond physics and optics to advance biomedicine by helping researchers evaluate a novel instrument that kills harmful bacteria without the use of liquid chemicals or high temperatures. Generated by ultrafast lasers, frequency combs precisely measure...

Atomic Clock Comparison Via Data Highways
2012-04-27 08:58:02

In future, optical fibers could connect all optical atomic clocks within Europe — a milestone for various users of optical frequencies in research and industry Optical atomic clocks measure time with unprecedented accuracy. However, it is the ability to compare clocks with one another that makes them applicable for high-precision tests in fundamental theory, from cosmology all the way to quantum physics. A clock comparison, i.e. a comparison of their optical frequencies, proved to...

2012-03-14 09:35:25

Ultrafast lasers, lasers that emit light pulses that are as short as a few femtoseconds, have enabled a wide-range of fundamental science and applications over the past two decades. To highlight recent state-of-the-art developments in femtosecond lasers, the Optical Society (OSA) today published a series of papers as part of an upcoming special Focus Issue on Modular Ultrafast Lasers in its open-access journal Optics Express. The issue is organized and edited by Wilson Sibbett and Tom Brown...

Move Over GHz, Terahertz Bandwidth Could Make Smartphones 1,000 Times Faster
2012-03-09 04:47:31

Peter Suciu for RedOrbit.com While those Verizon and AT&T commercials may claim that the respective carrier has the “fastest” network for mobile phones, new communications technology could make today´s 3G and 4G networks look as antiquated as the telegram. The whole gigahertz frequency could be made obsolete as a team of researchers at the University of Pittsburgh look to develop a terahertz frequency that could provide a means of transmitting data thousands of...

'Star Comb' Joins Quest For Earth-like Planets
2012-03-08 04:03:29

If there is life on other planets, a laser frequency comb developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) may help find it. Such a comb–a tool for precisely measuring frequencies, or colors, of light–has for the first time been used to calibrate measurements of starlight from stars other than the Sun. The good results suggest combs will eventually fulfill their potential to boost the search for Earth-like planets to a new level. As described in Optics...

Scientists Confirm First 'Frequency Comb' To Probe Ultraviolet Wavelengths
2012-02-02 05:00:46

Physicists at JILA have created the first "frequency comb" in the extreme ultraviolet band of the spectrum, high-energy light less than 100 nanometers (nm) in wavelength. Laser-generated frequency combs are the most accurate method available for precisely measuring frequencies, or colors, of light. In reaching the new band of the spectrum, the JILA experiments demonstrated for the first time a very fine mini-comb-like structure within each subunit, or harmonic, of the larger comb, drastically...


Word of the Day
attercop
  • A spider.
  • Figuratively, a peevish, testy, ill-natured person.
'Attercop' comes from the Old English 'atorcoppe,' where 'atter' means 'poison, venom' and‎ 'cop' means 'spider.' 'Coppa' is a derivative of 'cop,' top, summit, round head, or 'copp,' cup, vessel, which refers to 'the supposed venomous properties of spiders,' says the OED. 'Copp' is still found in the word 'cobweb.'
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