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Latest Fungus Stories

Norway's Rainforests Hidden Secrets
2012-07-18 09:44:57

The word rainforest usually conjures up visions of brightly colored birds and hyperactive monkeys swooping through a thick green canopy of leaves, vines and flowers.  But rainforests are also found closer to the poles, in the northern or boreal region where temperatures are far cooler. And while there are no monkeys swinging through the trees here, these forests are every bit as endangered as their southern cousins, and highly diverse — if you know where to look. Olga Hilmo...

Let Fungus Reproduce
2012-07-16 14:27:40

New biogeochemical understanding of manganese oxidation lends insight to environmental remediation Harvard-led researchers have discovered that an Ascomycete fungus that is common in polluted water produces environmentally important minerals during asexual reproduction. The key chemical in the process, superoxide, is a byproduct of fungal growth when the organism produces spores. Once released into the environment, superoxide reacts with the element manganese (Mn), producing a highly...

2012-07-12 10:37:29

Scientists are reporting new evidence that a white rot fungus shows promise in the search for a way to use waste corn stalks, cobs and leaves — rather than corn itself — to produce ethanol to extend supplies of gasoline. Their study on using the fungus to break down the tough cellulose and related material in this so-called "corn stover" to free up sugars for ethanol fermentation appears in the ACS' journal Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. Yebo Li and colleagues...

Two Fused Species Give Rise To Plant Pest
2012-07-03 10:30:00

A fungal species native to Iran which attacks grasses is the result of natural hybridisation that occurred just a few hundred years ago Zymoseptoria tritici is often a headache for European farmers. This ascomycete originating from the Middle East attacks the leaves of wheat plants triggering "speckled leaf blotch", which can cut crop yields by up to 50 percent. Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology in Marburg and Aarhus University in Denmark have now taken...

Ancestral Fungus May Have Influenced Coal Formation
2012-07-01 10:03:04

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study suggests that the evolution of a fungus known as white rot may have ended a 60-million-year-long period responsible for coal deposition. Coal deposits that occurred because of the Carboniferous Period, which ended about 300 million years ago, have fueled about 50 percent of U.S. electric power generation as recently as 2010. The research, presented online in the June 29 edition of Science, points to the evolution of...

2012-06-21 01:56:45

A Yale graduate student has developed a novel means for charting the history of a pathogen deadly to amphibians worldwide. Katy Richards-Hrdlicka, a doctoral candidate at the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, examined 164 preserved amphibians for the presence of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, or Bd, an infectious pathogen driving many species to extinction. The pathogen is found on every continent inhabited by amphibians and in more than 200 species. Bd causes...

2012-06-11 20:10:12

Researchers at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, are working to develop substances that can prevent parasites, bacteria and fungi from producing essential proteins, research that could, in the long term, lead to new drugs for several major diseases. The World Health Organization (WHO) has announced that aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases — a type of enzyme — are important targets for the development of new drugs for several major diseases such as cancer, various parasitic diseases...

Deepwater Horizon Spill Affected Microbial Communities
2012-06-07 11:43:32

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com While the tar-stained beaches from the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill may be long gone, the Gulf of Mexico´s smallest residents are still reacting to its effects. According to new research published in the journal PLoS ONE, hydrocarbon-consuming fungal communities now dominate the previously diverse range of microscopic marine life that once populated the shoreline. Samples collected around Dauphin Island, Ala., and Grand Isle, La., just before oil...

2012-06-07 08:43:41

Study published in Science indicates that fungus plays a role in inflammatory bowel disease Cedars-Sinai researchers say their examination of the fungi in the intestines suggests an important link between these microbes and inflammatory diseases such as ulcerative colitis. In the new study, published in the June 8 issue of Science, researchers at Cedars-Sinai's Inflammatory Bowel and Immunobiology Research Institute identified and characterized the large community of fungi inhabiting...

2012-06-06 12:24:12

The palms that Vietnamese villagers weave into hats, many varieties of lichens that depend on the pristine environment of the Great Smoky Mountains, and small, shrub-like trees that are threatened by development and deforestation in Brazil were among the scores of plant and fungus species that scientists at The New York Botanical Garden discovered and described in the course of one year. As part of their effort to catalog all plant life on Earth, Botanical Garden scientists named 81 new...


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0_0bd3abc6102cfbf910539daa5d26705d
2005-09-07 18:11:11

Leafcutter ants are found in warmer regions of Central and South America. These remarkable social insects have evolved an advanced agricultural system. They feed on a specialized fungus that grows only in the underground chambers of the ants' nest. The ants actively cultivate their fungus, feeding it with freshly-cut vegetation and maintaining it free from pests and weeds. This is done by a symbiotic relationship with a colony of bacteria that grows on the ants that protect the fungus. The...

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