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Latest Galaxy formation and evolution Stories

Old Age Makes Monster Galaxies Picky Eaters
2013-08-02 13:32:17

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new analysis from scientists at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) revealed that supermassive galaxies have stopped cannibalizing their neighbors over the past few billion years. The finding calls current models for galactic growth into question. "We've found that these massive galaxies may have started a diet in the last 5 billion years, and therefore have not gained much weight lately," said Yen-Ting Lin of the Academia Sinica...

Why Do Quenched Galaxies Seem To Keep Growing?
2013-08-02 04:02:20

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Thanks to new data obtained from the Hubble Cosmological Evolution Survey (COSMOS), researchers have solved the mystery as to why some galaxies appear to grow larger even after they no longer form new stars. Once galaxies reach a point in their lives when they cease star formation, they are known as "quenched" galaxies, report the authors of the new study. Quenched galaxies in the distant past appear to be much smaller than those...

Google Hangout: A New Baby Picture Of The Universe
2013-07-26 07:34:00

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online This spring, scientists from the Max Planck Institute showed humanity the most detailed map ever created of the early universe. The map was generated from data gathered by the Planck spacecraft. It shows fluctuations in temperature in the relic radiation left over from the Big Bang - the moment when space and time came into existence nearly 14 billion years ago. This relic radiation is sort of like an afterglow of the Big Bang. It is...

Mystery Missing Massive Galaxies
2013-07-24 13:28:57

[ Watch the Video: Three-Dimensional View of NGC 253 ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online New observations have given a group of astronomers the best view yet of how star formation regions can get selfish and gassy. Astronomers using the European Southern Observatory's (ESO) ALMA telescope in Chile say they have discovered how vigorous star formation in a galaxy can blast gas out of it and deprive future generations of stars of the fuel they need to form and grow....

Astronomers Catch Distant Galaxy Snacking On Gas
2013-07-04 13:01:16

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers were recently able to catch a distant galaxy in the act of snacking on nearby gas while using the European Southern Observatory's (ESO) Very Large Telescope (VLT). The team wrote in the journal Science about how they were able to make the best direct observational evidence so far supporting the theory that galaxies pull in and devour nearby material to grow and form stars. Scientists have always suspected galaxies grow this...

Hubble And VLT Data Reveals Details Of An Early Galaxy
2013-07-03 04:39:20

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Researchers have published details, including size, mass and content of elements, of an early galaxy in the scientific journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. Galaxies from the early universe were much different than those found today. The team's new detailed study using the European Space Observatory's Very Large Telescope (VLT) and NASA's Hubble Space Telescope allows scientists to peer into one of the ancient...

Spiral Galaxies Larger Than Thought
2013-06-27 13:50:10

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers now say spiral galaxies like the Milky Way galaxy are actually larger than previously thought. Scientists from several universities used the Hubble Space Telescope to determine that normal spiral galaxies are surrounded by halos of gas that can extend to over one million light-years in diameter. With this new estimate, it brings the Milky Way from just 100,000 light-years across to roughly 1,100,000 light-years. The...

New Hubble Image Shows Interacting Galaxies
2013-06-20 18:59:33

Lee Rannals for redorbit.com — Your Universe Online New images taken by the Hubble Space Telescope of a pair of galaxies experiencing a close encounter have been released. The new image features interacting galaxies known as Arp 142. These galaxies have strayed a little too close to each other, causing them to interact and create big changes in both objects. Astronomers say the two galaxies are interacting violently by exchanging matter and causing havoc. Arp 142 was named...

Astronomers Observe Galaxy In Act Of Dying
2013-06-03 13:16:28

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Astronomers announced at the 222nd American Astronomical Society meeting in Indianapolis that they have observed the first clear example of a galaxy in the act of dying. The team says they saw a bright dwarf galaxy relatively close to Earth's Milky Way that was "trailing fireballs." They said until now, there has been no clear example of this transformation happening. “We think we´re witnessing a critical stage in...

Cold Gas May Fuel Galaxy And Star Formation
2013-05-26 05:49:55

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online As galaxies grow over the course of billions of years, they apparently use the cosmic equivalent of bendy straws to feed on cold gas and gain mass, according to new research published in the May 20 edition of the Astrophysical Journal. The study is based on computer simulations conducted by Kyle Stewart, who is currently with California Baptist University in Riverside but completed most of the research while with NASA´s Jet...


Latest Galaxy formation and evolution Reference Libraries

45_03c916cf051c1a581c0d52b3ccdd7561
2010-09-13 16:56:08

The Coma Cluster (Abell 1656), along with the Leo Cluster, is one of two major clusters compromising the Coma Supercluster. It contains over 1000 identified galaxies. Most of the galaxies in the center of the Coma Cluster are elliptical galaxies including both dwarf and giant. However the center is dominated by NGC 4874 and NGC 4889, two giant elliptical galaxies. The brightest galaxies are visible, a few degrees north of the galactic pole, with an amateur telescope larger than 20 cm. The...

45_274ba7ddcce89663fc213d79e864e44b
2010-09-07 17:03:18

The Abell 520 galaxy cluster is an strange structure formed by a major merger. Due to its odd and chaotic nature it has been given the nick-name the Train Wreck Cluster. The Dark Matter within the cluster does not act as expected like it does in other clusters, therefore, Abell 520 creates problems for many of the prevailing theories about Dark Matter. It also disrupts many alternative theories of modified gravity. Similar to the Bullet Cluster the gas contents and galaxies within the...

6_11b0e50afd172f6a61aeda24e25504702
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Ring Galaxy -- A subclass of interacting galaxies, ring galaxies, provides a unique laboratory for studying unusually large bursts of non-nuclear star formation. The rings in these systems are often large (10s of kiloparsecs) and contain what appear to be associations of giant H{\small II} regions. As a basis for future modeling of star forming regions in observed ring galaxies we present a series of combined n-body/gas numerical experiments on ring formation and evolution. Three...

6_53083d96ff77dbf99c47ef10b6a209332
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Molecular Cloud -- Molecular clouds are interstellar nebulae that have a density and size sufficient to permit the formation of H2, molecular hydrogen. However, this molecule is difficult to detect, and the molecule most used to trace the H2 is CO (carbon monoxide). The ratio between CO luminosity and H2 mass is roughly constant, although there are reasons to doubt this assumption in observations of some other galaxies. In the Milky Way, molecular clouds account for roughly one-half...

6_46f1290db7aabf07d0480393fea260ed2
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Globular Cluster -- A globular cluster is a cluster of stars that is spherical in shape and extremely dense towards its core. Globular clusters are usually composed of hundreds of thousands of old stars, similar to the bulge of a spiral galaxy but confined to a volume of only a few cubic parsecs. Some globular clusters (like Omega Centauri in our Milky Way, and G1 in M31) are truly massive clusters, with several million times the mass of our Sun. Such globular clusters may be the...

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Word of the Day
cruet
  • A vial or small glass bottle, especially one for holding vinegar, oil, etc.; a caster for liquids.
This word is Middle English in origin, and ultimately comes from the Old French, diminutive of 'crue,' flask.
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