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Latest Galaxy formation and evolution Stories

2012-10-19 11:20:21

WASHINGTON, Oct. 19, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A comprehensive study of hundreds of galaxies observed by the Keck telescopes in Hawaii and NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has revealed an unexpected pattern of change that extends back 8 billion years, or more than half the age of the universe. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) "Astronomers thought disk galaxies in the nearby universe had settled into their present form by about 8 billion years ago, with little...

Gemini Observatory Catches Rare Glimpse Of Polar Ring Galaxy
2012-10-19 12:30:26

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Many images that we see from the space observatories are beautiful. Swirling colors and bright galaxies make for amazing images. But an image just released from the ground-based Gemini Observatory of the polar-ring galaxy NGC 660 might be the most hauntingly beautiful image ever. Add in the back story of a colorful and dramatic tale of two galaxies locked in a life-and-death struggle, and the picture becomes poetry in motion. All...

Galactic Collisions Between Big Galaxies Form Even Bigger Galaxies
2012-10-12 14:36:09

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online When massive galaxies belly-up to the interstellar buffet, their centers expand as they gobble up other galaxies that contain billions and billions of stars, according to a new report from University of Utah astronomers. "We found that during the last 6 billion years, the matter that makes up massive elliptical galaxies is getting more concentrated toward the centers of those galaxies. This is evidence that big galaxies are crashing...

Astronomers Describe Fireworks In The Early Universe
2012-09-27 19:28:13

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Astronomers suggest, in the Astrophysical Journal Letters, as galaxies formed in the early universe, they were accompanied by fireworks in the form of energy bursts. Active galaxies are easily detected due to their luminous radio, ultraviolet or X-ray radiation, which results from steady accretion onto their massive central black holes. Little has been known about the composition of these galaxies or their relationship to the...

Early Universe Lit Up By Explosion Of Growth
2012-09-07 05:29:14

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study from the University of California, Berkeley indicates that the birth of the first massive galaxies that lit up the early universe was an explosive event, happening faster and ending sooner than suspected. Around 13 billion years ago, when the universe was about 750 million years old, extremely bright, active galaxies formed and fully illuminated the universe, according to Oliver Zahn, a postdoctoral fellow at the Berkeley...

Milky Way Not The Only Galaxy On The Block
2012-08-23 13:09:05

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new sky survey has revealed that our Milky Way galaxy may not be as special as scientists had previously thought. The Milky Way is a fairly common type of galaxy, but being paired up with neighbors like the Magellanic Clouds makes it stick out above the rest, so much so that astronomers thought it could be a one of a kind occurrence. However, astronomer Dr. Aaron Robotham burst everyone's bubble when searching for groups of...

Massive Winds Driven By Intense Star Formation
2012-08-22 05:30:05

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Fueled by an intense burst of star formation, fierce galactic winds may blow gas right out of massive galaxies, which in turn could shut down their ability to make new stars. A team of astronomers sifted through images and data from three telescopes to find 29 objects with outflowing winds measuring up to 2,500 kilometers per second, an order of magnitude faster than most observed galactic winds. "They're nearly blowing themselves...

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2012-08-21 17:05:23

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A debate that has been raging over the distribution of matter in the universe can finally be put to bed thanks to the WiggleZ Dark Matter survey that was conducted over 276 nights from August 2006 to January 2011. The majority of physicists believe that the matter in the universe is distributed evenly on the largest scales and this outlook has fueled everything from Einstein´s equations to calculations that are the foundation for...

Black Holes Need Diet Rich In Stars To Grow
2012-07-20 12:21:35

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Researchers from several American institutes and agencies have developed a new model showing how an elusive type of black hole can be formed in the gas surrounding their supermassive counterparts. The scientists, from the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), the City University of New York (CUNY), the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) of the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), and the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for...

2012-07-19 23:02:21

United Press International reports that U.S. and Canadian astronomers say they've seen a spiral galaxy born in the early universe billions of years before that kind of galaxy should have formed. Los Angeles, CA (PRWEB) July 19, 2012 U.S. and Canadian astronomers say they've seen a spiral galaxy born in the early universe billions of years before that kind of galaxy should have formed. The distant spiral galaxy, observed by the Hubble Space Telescope, is being seen as it existed roughly 3...


Latest Galaxy formation and evolution Reference Libraries

45_03c916cf051c1a581c0d52b3ccdd7561
2010-09-13 16:56:08

The Coma Cluster (Abell 1656), along with the Leo Cluster, is one of two major clusters compromising the Coma Supercluster. It contains over 1000 identified galaxies. Most of the galaxies in the center of the Coma Cluster are elliptical galaxies including both dwarf and giant. However the center is dominated by NGC 4874 and NGC 4889, two giant elliptical galaxies. The brightest galaxies are visible, a few degrees north of the galactic pole, with an amateur telescope larger than 20 cm. The...

45_274ba7ddcce89663fc213d79e864e44b
2010-09-07 17:03:18

The Abell 520 galaxy cluster is an strange structure formed by a major merger. Due to its odd and chaotic nature it has been given the nick-name the Train Wreck Cluster. The Dark Matter within the cluster does not act as expected like it does in other clusters, therefore, Abell 520 creates problems for many of the prevailing theories about Dark Matter. It also disrupts many alternative theories of modified gravity. Similar to the Bullet Cluster the gas contents and galaxies within the...

6_11b0e50afd172f6a61aeda24e25504702
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Ring Galaxy -- A subclass of interacting galaxies, ring galaxies, provides a unique laboratory for studying unusually large bursts of non-nuclear star formation. The rings in these systems are often large (10s of kiloparsecs) and contain what appear to be associations of giant H{\small II} regions. As a basis for future modeling of star forming regions in observed ring galaxies we present a series of combined n-body/gas numerical experiments on ring formation and evolution. Three...

6_53083d96ff77dbf99c47ef10b6a209332
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Molecular Cloud -- Molecular clouds are interstellar nebulae that have a density and size sufficient to permit the formation of H2, molecular hydrogen. However, this molecule is difficult to detect, and the molecule most used to trace the H2 is CO (carbon monoxide). The ratio between CO luminosity and H2 mass is roughly constant, although there are reasons to doubt this assumption in observations of some other galaxies. In the Milky Way, molecular clouds account for roughly one-half...

6_46f1290db7aabf07d0480393fea260ed2
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Globular Cluster -- A globular cluster is a cluster of stars that is spherical in shape and extremely dense towards its core. Globular clusters are usually composed of hundreds of thousands of old stars, similar to the bulge of a spiral galaxy but confined to a volume of only a few cubic parsecs. Some globular clusters (like Omega Centauri in our Milky Way, and G1 in M31) are truly massive clusters, with several million times the mass of our Sun. Such globular clusters may be the...

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