Latest Galaxy formation and evolution Stories

2012-07-12 16:57:41

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The Hubble Space Telescope has helped scientists unravel the mystery of the extremely faint dwarf galaxies. These galaxies are thought to be some of the tiniest, oldest and most pristine galaxies in the universe. They have been discovered over the past decade by astronomers using automated computer techniques to search through the images of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. The Hubble has given scientists views of three of the small-fry...

Dark galaxies spotted for the first time
2012-07-11 15:01:14

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Dark galaxies may have been spotted for the very first time using the European Space Observatory's Very Large Telescope (VLT). An international team of astronomers believe they have detected these elusive objects by observing them as they were lit up by glowing quasars. Dark galaxies are very small, gas-rich galaxies in the early universe that are inefficient at forming stars. Scientists believe these galaxies are building blocks of...

Milky Way
2012-06-29 04:45:45

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers from Canada and the U.S. have found that the Milky Way galaxy may have recently had an encounter with one of its surrounding smaller satellite galaxies. “We have found evidence that our Milky Way had an encounter with a small galaxy or massive dark matter structure perhaps as recently as 100 million years ago,” Larry Widrow, professor at Queen´s University in Canada, said in a press release. “We...

Researching And Reaching Between Stars
2012-06-27 10:24:09

University of Texas astronomers use Lonestar supercomputer to explore role of dark matter in galaxy formation From Earth, observers use telescopes to look and learn about the distant luminous spheres. But the telescope often isn't the only instrument used. Karl Gebhardt, professor of astrophysics at The University of Texas at Austin and one of the principal investigators for the Hobby-Eberly Telescope Dark Energy Experiment (HETDEX) project, makes revolutionary discoveries about dark...

Many Quasars Are Light Eaters
2012-06-20 04:20:53

Black holes in the early universe needed a few snacks rather than one giant meal to fuel their quasars and help them grow, according to observations from NASA's Spitzer and Hubble space telescopes. Quasars are the brilliant beacons of light that are powered by black holes feasting on captured material, and in the process, heating some of the matter to millions of degrees. The brightest quasars reside in galaxies distorted by collisions with other galaxies. These encounters send lots of gas...

2012-06-13 07:58:00

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com According to recent studies with the National Science Foundation's Green Bank Telescope (GBT), a couple celestial neighbor galaxies may have had a close encounter with each other billions of years ago. Astronomers confirmed a disputed 2004 discovery of hydrogen gas streaming between the giant Andromeda Galaxy and the Triangulum Galaxy with their new study. "The properties of this gas indicate that these two galaxies may have passed close together in the...

Growth Found to be Out of Synch For Black Hole
2012-06-12 11:42:59

New evidence from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory challenges prevailing ideas about how supermassive black holes grow in the centers of galaxies. Astronomers long have thought that a supermassive black hole and the bulge of stars at the center of its host galaxy grow at the same rate -- the bigger the bulge, the bigger the black hole. A new study of Chandra data has revealed two nearby galaxies whose supermassive black holes are growing faster than the galaxies themselves. The mass of a...

2012-06-04 09:22:45

More atomic hydrogen gas – the ultimate fuel for stars – is lurking in today´s Universe than we thought, CSIRO astronomer Dr Robert Braun has found. This is the first accurate measurement of this gas in galaxies close to our own. Just after the Big Bang the Universe´s matter was almost entirely hydrogen atoms. Over time this gas of atoms came together and generated galaxies, stars and planets – and the process is still going on. Astronomers want to understand...

Universe At Peak Observation Period 13 Billion Years Ago
2012-05-23 11:22:26

Lee Rannals for RedOrbit.com Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics theorist Avi Loeb says that modern time is not the ideal scenario to study the universe, but rather about 13 billion years ago was. Loeb said that according to his new calculations, just about 500 million years after the Big Bang proves to be the best-case scenario when studying our cosmos.  He says that the farther you go into the future, the more information you lose, making our time period better than those...

Latest Galaxy formation and evolution Reference Libraries

2010-09-13 16:56:08

The Coma Cluster (Abell 1656), along with the Leo Cluster, is one of two major clusters compromising the Coma Supercluster. It contains over 1000 identified galaxies. Most of the galaxies in the center of the Coma Cluster are elliptical galaxies including both dwarf and giant. However the center is dominated by NGC 4874 and NGC 4889, two giant elliptical galaxies. The brightest galaxies are visible, a few degrees north of the galactic pole, with an amateur telescope larger than 20 cm. The...

2010-09-07 17:03:18

The Abell 520 galaxy cluster is an strange structure formed by a major merger. Due to its odd and chaotic nature it has been given the nick-name the Train Wreck Cluster. The Dark Matter within the cluster does not act as expected like it does in other clusters, therefore, Abell 520 creates problems for many of the prevailing theories about Dark Matter. It also disrupts many alternative theories of modified gravity. Similar to the Bullet Cluster the gas contents and galaxies within the...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Ring Galaxy -- A subclass of interacting galaxies, ring galaxies, provides a unique laboratory for studying unusually large bursts of non-nuclear star formation. The rings in these systems are often large (10s of kiloparsecs) and contain what appear to be associations of giant H{\small II} regions. As a basis for future modeling of star forming regions in observed ring galaxies we present a series of combined n-body/gas numerical experiments on ring formation and evolution. Three...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Molecular Cloud -- Molecular clouds are interstellar nebulae that have a density and size sufficient to permit the formation of H2, molecular hydrogen. However, this molecule is difficult to detect, and the molecule most used to trace the H2 is CO (carbon monoxide). The ratio between CO luminosity and H2 mass is roughly constant, although there are reasons to doubt this assumption in observations of some other galaxies. In the Milky Way, molecular clouds account for roughly one-half...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Globular Cluster -- A globular cluster is a cluster of stars that is spherical in shape and extremely dense towards its core. Globular clusters are usually composed of hundreds of thousands of old stars, similar to the bulge of a spiral galaxy but confined to a volume of only a few cubic parsecs. Some globular clusters (like Omega Centauri in our Milky Way, and G1 in M31) are truly massive clusters, with several million times the mass of our Sun. Such globular clusters may be the...

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Word of the Day
  • A terrible or repulsive person.
Regarding the etymology of 'humgruffin,' the OED says (rather unhelpfully) that it's a 'made-up word.' We might guess that 'hum' comes from 'humbug' or possibly 'hum' meaning 'a disagreeable smell,' while 'gruffin' could be a combination of 'gruff' and 'griffin.'