Last updated on April 19, 2014 at 21:20 EDT

Latest Galaxy Stories

Celestial Diamond Ring Created By Chance Meeting
2014-04-09 11:35:16

[ Watch The Video: Zooming In On The Planetary Nebula Abell 33 ] ESO Astronomers using ESO’s Very Large Telescope in Chile have captured this eye-catching image of planetary nebula PN A66 33 — usually known as Abell 33. Created when an aging star blew off its outer layers, this beautiful blue bubble is, by chance, aligned with a foreground star, and bears an uncanny resemblance to a diamond engagement ring. This cosmic gem is unusually symmetric, appearing to be almost circular...

Scientists Make The Most Precise Measurment Of Early Universe Yet
2014-04-08 07:50:37

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Two recent studies of the early Universe using the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS), a component of the third Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-III), have made the most accurate measurement of the rate of expansion in the early Universe to date. BOSS has pioneered the use of quasars to map density variations in intergalactic gas at high redshifts to trace the structure of the young Universe. BOSS helps scientists chart...

Monster Of A Galaxy Cluster - El Gordo Lives Up To Its Nickname
2014-04-04 07:03:29

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online | Source Material Provided by NASA El Gordo is Spanish for "the fat one," and the nickname of the largest galaxy known galaxy cluster in the distant universe, ACT-CLJ0102-4915. A new study from NASA's Hubble Space Telescope reveals that the galaxy cluster, which is 9.7 billion light-years from Earth, definitely lives up to its nickname. According to a NASA report, a team of astronomers measured how much the cluster's gravity warps...

2014-04-03 16:20:14

WASHINGTON, April 3, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has weighed the largest known galaxy cluster in the distant universe, catalogued as ACT-CL J0102-4915, and found it definitely lives up to its nickname -- El Gordo (Spanish for "the fat one"). http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnvar/20081007/38461LOGO By measuring how much the cluster's gravity warps images of galaxies in the distant background, a team of astronomers has calculated the cluster's mass to...

Dark Matter Clues From The Center Of Our Galaxy
2014-04-03 13:57:46

[ Watch the Video: Fermi Data Hints At New Dark Matter Clues ] Francis Reddym, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center A new study of gamma-ray light from the center of our galaxy makes the strongest case to date that some of this emission may arise from dark matter, an unknown substance making up most of the material universe. Using publicly available data from NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, independent scientists at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), the...

New Image Shows Galactic Serial Killer
2014-04-02 13:48:59

[ Watch The Video: Panning Across The Galaxies NGC 1316 And 1317 ] ESO This new image from the MPG/ESO 2.2-meter telescope at ESO’s La Silla Observatory in Chile shows two contrasting galaxies: NGC 1316, and its smaller neighbor NGC 1317. These two are quite close to each other in space, but they have very different histories. The small spiral NGC 1317 has led an uneventful life, but NGC 1316 has engulfed several other galaxies in its violent history and shows the battle scars....

Scientists Create The First 360-Degree Virtual Map Of The Milky Way
2014-03-21 07:25:44

[ Watch the Video: 360-Degree View of the Milky Way ] Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope has been busy studying stars, asteroids, galaxies and other outer space objects over the past 10 years and a University of Wisconsin team of scientists has now used more than two million images produced by Spitzer to create a virtual 360-degree mosaic of our Milky Way. The team presented the new interactive map Thursday at the TEDActive 2014...

2014-03-20 16:21:06

WASHINGTON, March 20, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Touring the Milky Way now is as easy as clicking a button with NASA's new zoomable, 360-degree mosaic presented Thursday at the TEDActive 2014 Conference in Vancouver, Canada. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnvar/20081007/38461LOGO The star-studded panorama of our galaxy is constructed from more than 2 million infrared snapshots taken over the past 10 years by NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope. "If we actually printed this out, we'd...

Collage of galaxies in the Herschel Reference Survey
2014-03-18 19:58:57

ESA The largest census of dust in local galaxies has been completed using data from ESA’s Herschel space observatory, providing a huge legacy to the scientific community. Cosmic dust grains are a minor but fundamental ingredient in the recipe of gas and dust for creating stars and planets. But despite its importance, there is an incomplete picture of the dust properties in galaxies beyond our own Milky Way. Key questions include how the dust varies with the type of galaxy, and how...

What Lies Beyond: Astronomer Maps Galaxies Near Our Own
2014-03-11 13:13:33

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new paper published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society has broadened the view of what lies just past our galaxy. The Milky Way and Andromeda are dominant members of a small group of galaxies. However, not a lot has been known about the smaller galaxies that reside within our neighborhood in the universe. York University Physics & Astronomy Professor Marshall McCall was able to map out the bright galaxies...

Latest Galaxy Reference Libraries

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

2010-09-16 15:18:29

The Virgo Cluster consists of galaxies at a distance of around 59 Mly away in the constellation Virgo. Containing between 1300 to 2000 galaxies the Virgo Cluster is the heart of the Local Supercluster. Its mass is estimated at 1.2 × 1015 M☉ out to 8 degrees of the cluster's center or a radius of about 2.2 Mpc. Most of the brighter galaxies in the cluster were discovered by Charles Messier in the late 1770's and early 1780's, including the giant elliptical Messier 87. Messier...

2010-09-16 15:14:03

The two Magellanic Clouds (or Nubeculae Magellani), composed of the Large Megellanic Cloud and the Small Magellanic Cloud, are irregular dwarf galaxies visible in the southern hemisphere. They are members of our Local Group and orbit the Milky Way galaxy. Persian astronomer Al Sufi, in 964, was the first to have written anything about the Magellanic Clouds proving they have been known since early time amongst the Middle East peoples. Sufi, in his Book of Fixed Stars, calls the clouds...

2010-09-13 17:11:43

The M96 Group (also known as the Leo I Group), one of many in the Virgo Supercluster, is located within the Leo constellation and contains between 8 and 24 galaxies, including three Messier objects. The Leo Triplet, which is physically near M96 Group, and M96 may actually be separate parts of a much larger group.

2010-09-13 17:09:55

The M81 Group, containing the well known galaxies Messier 81 and Messier 82, is a group of galaxies within the constellation Ursa Major. Along with Messier 81 and 82 are several other galaxies with apparent brightness. The center, located at an approximate distance of 3.6 Mpc, is one of the nearest groups to the Local Group. The total estimated mass of the group is (1.03 ± 0.17) × 1012M☉. The Virgo Supercluster contains the M81 Group, the Local Group, and some other nearby...

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