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Latest Galaxy Stories

Airborne Observatory Reveals Mystery Of Star Formation
2013-04-17 11:52:24

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Using observations from an airborne observatory, NASA researchers have discovered new details on how massive stars form within a cloud of interstellar gas and dust. An emerging star known as G35 has been observed forming in an orderly process similar to the one undergone by smaller stars like our sun, according to the scientists´ report in the Astrophysical Journal. Lead author Yichen Zhang said the observations of G35 made...

Early Star Forming Galaxies
2013-04-17 05:09:48

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers report in The Astrophysical Journal that they have determined the positions of over 100 of the most fertile star-forming galaxies in the early Universe. The group used the new Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) telescope during their observations. This telescope can capture just as many observations of this group of galaxies in just a few hours as similar telescopes can in more than a decade. [ Video:...

Blue Supergiant Star Born In The Wild Discovered
2013-04-11 15:09:53

Subaru Telescope A duo of astronomers, Dr. Youichi Ohyama (Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica or ASIAA, Taiwan) and Dr. Ananda Hota (UM-DAE Centre for Excellence in the Basic Sciences or CBS, India), has discovered a Blue Supergiant star located far beyond our Milky Way Galaxy in the constellation Virgo. Over fifty-five million years ago, it emerged in an extremely wild environment, surrounded by intensely hot plasma (a million degrees centigrade) and amidst raging...

Scientists Discover The Earliest Known Starburst Galaxies In The Universe
2013-04-05 15:32:28

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online An international team of researchers announced it has found some of the Universe´s earliest starburst galaxies, essentially young energetic clusters of cosmic gas and dust that form stars at an alarming rate. The discoveries, which were detailed in reports published in Nature and the Astrophysical Journal, were made using the newly inaugurated Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) telescope. In its first billions...

Probes Of Dark Matter On Galaxy Scales 2013
2013-04-03 19:01:07

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Scientists are coming together this summer to try and collaborate on solving the mystery of dark matter. Probes of Dark Matter on Galaxy Scales 2013, will be held July 14—19 in Monterey, California. Scientists at the conference will be meeting to discuss their techniques for solving the secrets of dark matter in the universe. “The idea is to bring together people working on different probes of dark matter from...

Green Pea Galaxies Could Offer Astronomers An Understanding Of The Early Universe
2013-04-03 16:49:59

University of Michigan The rare Green Pea galaxies discovered by the general public in 2007 could help confirm astronomers' understanding of reionization, a pivotal stage in the evolution of the early universe, say University of Michigan researchers. Reionization occurred a few hundred million years after the Big Bang as the first stars were turning on and forming the first galaxies. During this period, the space between the galaxies changed from an opaque, neutral fog to a transparent...

How Spiral Galaxies Get Their Arms
2013-04-03 12:32:19

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers writing in The Astrophysical Journal have answered a few more important questions about how so-called spiral galaxies get their arms. The team used powerful computer simulations to follow the motions of as many as 100 million "stellar particles" as gravity and other astrophysical forces began to give them shape. Their simulations have answered some long-standing questions about the origin and life history of spiral arms in...

Gravitational Lensing In The Unusual "Magatama" Galaxy
2013-04-01 09:37:32

Subaru Telescope In a course of studying young galaxies at a distance of 11.6 billion light years from Earth, a team of astronomers led by Professor Yoshiaki Taniguchi (Ehime University) noticed a strangely shaped galaxy that looks like a "magatama", an ancient, comma-shaped Japanese amulet made of stone. Subsequent research revealed that the magatama galaxy was actually an overlapping system of two young galaxies lying in an extremely close line of sight--an exceedingly rare occurrence...

Dazzling New Hubble Pics Of Beloved Spiral Galaxy Messier 77
2013-03-28 09:13:54

Watch the videos "Panning Across Messier 77" and "Zooming in on Messier 77" Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A stunning new image of the spiral galaxy Messier 77 captured by the Hubble Space Telescope was released today. The image of one of the most famous and well-studied galaxies features patches of red throughout the photo, which highlights the pockets of star formation along its arms. Messier 77, or NGC 1068, sits in the constellation Cetus about 45...

Older Stars Help Baby Stars Grow Up To Be Massive
2013-03-28 08:55:25

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Stars with ten times or more the mass of our Sun should not exist. They push away the gas they feed on as they grow, starving themselves for fuel. Astrophysicists have been struggling to understand how some stars are able to overcome this developmental hurdle. A group of researchers led by the University of Toronto suggests that baby stars might grow to have great mass if they are lucky enough to be born within a corral of older...


Latest Galaxy Reference Libraries

Cosmology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

45_d4a20fda769b165e44826492e9e54549
2010-09-16 15:18:29

The Virgo Cluster consists of galaxies at a distance of around 59 Mly away in the constellation Virgo. Containing between 1300 to 2000 galaxies the Virgo Cluster is the heart of the Local Supercluster. Its mass is estimated at 1.2 × 1015 M☉ out to 8 degrees of the cluster's center or a radius of about 2.2 Mpc. Most of the brighter galaxies in the cluster were discovered by Charles Messier in the late 1770's and early 1780's, including the giant elliptical Messier 87. Messier...

45_9843bacae4e6aaccde9ad6442185fc8e
2010-09-16 15:14:03

The two Magellanic Clouds (or Nubeculae Magellani), composed of the Large Megellanic Cloud and the Small Magellanic Cloud, are irregular dwarf galaxies visible in the southern hemisphere. They are members of our Local Group and orbit the Milky Way galaxy. Persian astronomer Al Sufi, in 964, was the first to have written anything about the Magellanic Clouds proving they have been known since early time amongst the Middle East peoples. Sufi, in his Book of Fixed Stars, calls the clouds...

67_663c28d472128bcb018b26f3ca4cd648
2010-09-13 17:11:43

The M96 Group (also known as the Leo I Group), one of many in the Virgo Supercluster, is located within the Leo constellation and contains between 8 and 24 galaxies, including three Messier objects. The Leo Triplet, which is physically near M96 Group, and M96 may actually be separate parts of a much larger group.

67_8b8b742d654cb21ec4a1143054c4c9da
2010-09-13 17:09:55

The M81 Group, containing the well known galaxies Messier 81 and Messier 82, is a group of galaxies within the constellation Ursa Major. Along with Messier 81 and 82 are several other galaxies with apparent brightness. The center, located at an approximate distance of 3.6 Mpc, is one of the nearest groups to the Local Group. The total estimated mass of the group is (1.03 ± 0.17) × 1012M☉. The Virgo Supercluster contains the M81 Group, the Local Group, and some other nearby...

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