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Latest Galaxy Stories

Previously Unknown Giant Radio Galaxy Discovered By LOFAR
2013-03-19 14:56:58

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Astronomers have discovered a previously unknown gigantic radio galaxy using the powerful International LOFAR Telescope (ILT). The team was browsing the first set of photos taken during LOFAR's first all-sky imaging survey known as the Multi-frequency Snapshot Sky Survey (MSSS). While browsing the first set of MSSS images, ASTRON astronomer Dr. George Heald found a new source of radio emission the size of the full moon...

Starburst Galaxies Observations Reveal They Occured Earlier In Universe Than Previously Believed
2013-03-13 14:29:45

WATCH VIDEO: [Gravitational Lensing of Distant Star-Forming Galaxies] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Astronomers reported in Nature and the Astrophysical Journal that starburst galaxies from early in the universe's history took place earlier than previously though. Scientists making observations with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) telescope say they have found that the most vigorous bursts of star birth in the universe actually took...

Rare Supernova Discovered In Distant Galaxy
2013-03-07 17:47:11

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Astronomers have long been aware of supernovae — brilliant explosions ejecting massive amounts of gas and energy into the surrounding medium. But occasionally one of them is different, set apart, unlike anything we have seen before. Researchers with the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) have announced in a new paper that one such event has been discovered. Supernovae are split into sub-types....

Scientists Recreate Spiral Arms Of Ancient Milky Way
2013-03-04 19:11:57

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Using observations made possible by the European Space Agency´s INTEGRAL satellite, a pair of French scientists has been able to recreate how the Milky Way´s spiral arms looked millions of years ago. According to their report in the Astrophysical Journal, the two researchers based their recreation on the observations of high mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs), pairs of massive stars that are surrounded with the remnants of...

Stellar Motions In Outer Halo Reveal Evidence Of Milky Way Evolution
2013-02-22 11:40:05

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope to peer deep into the vast stellar halo that envelopes our galaxy have uncovered tantalizing evidence for the possible existence of a shell of stars that are a relic of cannibalism by our Milky Way. For the first time ever, Hubble was used to gain precise measurements of the sideways motion of a small sample of stars located far from the galaxy's center. The unusual lateral motion of...

MOND Theory Predict Key Property In Andromeda's Satellites
2013-02-15 11:58:01

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A research collaboration between Case Western University and Weizmann Institute of Science has used modified laws of gravity to closely predict a key property measured in faint dwarf galaxies that are satellites of the nearby giant spiral galaxy Andromeda. The study centers around the property of velocity dispersion, which is the average velocity of objects within a galaxy relative to each other. Velocity dispersion is by used...

Dark Matter Detector Science Teams Named
2013-02-13 04:30:54

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online In order to illuminate the darkness we turn to the light. Whether the sun, a lamp, or a candle, we rely on electromagnetic radiation to reveal the world, and indeed the Universe, around us. Everything that we see - every tree, every planet, and every star - we see because it emits, reflects, bends and focuses light to our eyes. Without the interaction of matter with light, we are blind. But what about matter that...

Spiral Galaxy Messier 106 Has A Secret
2013-02-05 10:47:02

[ Video 1 ] | [ Video 2 ] | [ Video 2 ] NASA/ESA Hubble Heritage Team The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope — with a little help from an amateur astronomer — has produced one of the best views yet of nearby spiral galaxy Messier 106. Located a little over 20 million light-years away, practically a neighbor by cosmic standards, Messier 106 is one of the brightest and nearest spiral galaxies to our own. Despite its appearance, which looks much like countless other galaxies,...

Lack Of Dwarf Galaxies Around Milky Way Perplexes Physicists
2013-02-01 11:48:09

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Studying the physics of the universe can be a controversial and often contradictory proposition, with theories and calculations often not matching with observations. However, new research from Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam in Germany, has shed some light on one situation involving differences between theory and observation. Scientists at the institute have found that a phenomenon known as “cosmic web...

Galaxy Formation And Evolution Models Garner Award For Rutgers Astronomer
2013-01-25 07:55:22

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A Rutgers University astronomer has created computer models and simulations that help to explain how galaxies formed and evolved. Astronomer Rachel Somerville, who works as a professor of astrophysics in the Department of Physics and Astronomy, School of Arts and Sciences, created these models to show how gases like hydrogen and helium coalesce into stars and galaxies and how exploding stars and black holes impact their galactic...


Latest Galaxy Reference Libraries

Cosmology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

45_d4a20fda769b165e44826492e9e54549
2010-09-16 15:18:29

The Virgo Cluster consists of galaxies at a distance of around 59 Mly away in the constellation Virgo. Containing between 1300 to 2000 galaxies the Virgo Cluster is the heart of the Local Supercluster. Its mass is estimated at 1.2 × 1015 M☉ out to 8 degrees of the cluster's center or a radius of about 2.2 Mpc. Most of the brighter galaxies in the cluster were discovered by Charles Messier in the late 1770's and early 1780's, including the giant elliptical Messier 87. Messier...

45_9843bacae4e6aaccde9ad6442185fc8e
2010-09-16 15:14:03

The two Magellanic Clouds (or Nubeculae Magellani), composed of the Large Megellanic Cloud and the Small Magellanic Cloud, are irregular dwarf galaxies visible in the southern hemisphere. They are members of our Local Group and orbit the Milky Way galaxy. Persian astronomer Al Sufi, in 964, was the first to have written anything about the Magellanic Clouds proving they have been known since early time amongst the Middle East peoples. Sufi, in his Book of Fixed Stars, calls the clouds...

67_663c28d472128bcb018b26f3ca4cd648
2010-09-13 17:11:43

The M96 Group (also known as the Leo I Group), one of many in the Virgo Supercluster, is located within the Leo constellation and contains between 8 and 24 galaxies, including three Messier objects. The Leo Triplet, which is physically near M96 Group, and M96 may actually be separate parts of a much larger group.

67_8b8b742d654cb21ec4a1143054c4c9da
2010-09-13 17:09:55

The M81 Group, containing the well known galaxies Messier 81 and Messier 82, is a group of galaxies within the constellation Ursa Major. Along with Messier 81 and 82 are several other galaxies with apparent brightness. The center, located at an approximate distance of 3.6 Mpc, is one of the nearest groups to the Local Group. The total estimated mass of the group is (1.03 ± 0.17) × 1012M☉. The Virgo Supercluster contains the M81 Group, the Local Group, and some other nearby...

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Word of the Day
tesla
  • The unit of magnetic flux density in the International System of Units, equal to the magnitude of the magnetic field vector necessary to produce a force of one newton on a charge of one coulomb moving perpendicular to the direction of the magnetic field vector with a velocity of one meter per second. It is equivalent to one weber per square meter.
This word is named for Nikola Tesla, the inventor, engineer, and futurist.