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Latest Galaxy Stories

NGC 6334: Shedding Light On Starburst Regions
2013-06-05 13:00:40

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Stars are formed in massive clouds of gas that are being compressed by some nearby event. Over time, the region will be consumed by the forming stars, leaving a cluster that will eventually drift apart. But what starts this process in the first place? Often these regions of star formations -- known as starburst regions -- are found in distant galaxies where the activity level is very high. But this presents a problem:...

Astronomers Observe Galaxy In Act Of Dying
2013-06-03 13:16:28

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Astronomers announced at the 222nd American Astronomical Society meeting in Indianapolis that they have observed the first clear example of a galaxy in the act of dying. The team says they saw a bright dwarf galaxy relatively close to Earth's Milky Way that was "trailing fireballs." They said until now, there has been no clear example of this transformation happening. “We think we´re witnessing a critical stage in...

Galaxies Discovered Buried In Dust
2013-06-01 05:33:58

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Approximately 80 percent of all unidentifiable millimeter wave signals emitted in the universe actually originate from galaxies, according to new research published in Saturday´s edition of the Astrophysical Journal Letters. Based on observations collected using Atacama Large Millimeter/sub-millimeter Array (ALMA) telescopes, professor Kouji Ohta and postdoctoral researcher Bunyo Hatsukade of Kyoto University in Japan and...

Gravitational Lensing Used To Seek Out Most Distant, Active Star Forming Galaxies
2013-05-29 04:53:02

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists working with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) have discovered the most distant and active star forming galaxies in our universe. The astronomers wrote in the journal Nature and Astrophysical Journal that they discovered these distant and enigmatic galaxies after surveying large areas of the sky with the 10-meter South Pole Telescope. They used ALMA to help them obtain higher resolution images. The...

Cold Gas May Fuel Galaxy And Star Formation
2013-05-26 05:49:55

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online As galaxies grow over the course of billions of years, they apparently use the cosmic equivalent of bendy straws to feed on cold gas and gain mass, according to new research published in the May 20 edition of the Astrophysical Journal. The study is based on computer simulations conducted by Kyle Stewart, who is currently with California Baptist University in Riverside but completed most of the research while with NASA´s Jet...

Jets Powered By A Black Hole Plow Into Galaxy
2013-05-16 07:56:30

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Astronomy is more than merely using optical telescopes to take pretty pictures of distant nebulae and galaxies. Researchers also seek to understand complex systems in the universe by observing how objects interact and what types of radiation are produced. To do this requires telescopes capable of observing over several energy bands, working together to construct a complete physical picture of the object of interest....

Clouds Of Hydrogen Gas Found In Our Galactic Backyard
2013-05-08 12:37:51

Watch the video “Intergalactic Clouds Lurk Between Nearby Galaxies" John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online As we gaze into space beyond the confines of our own Milky Way, we see a Universe filled with galaxies. But what scientists have come to realize is that the emptiness that spans between these giant pools of stars is not empty at all, but rather is filled with massive amounts of gas. In fact, these gas reservoirs can sometimes outweigh the galaxies...

Halo Clouds Spotted Around Colliding Galaxies
2013-05-01 05:19:26

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A detailed study of an enormous cloud of hot gas that envelops two large, colliding galaxies has been made using NASA´s Chandra X-ray Observatory. This oversized gas reservoir contains as much mass as 10 billion Suns, is 300,000 light years across, and radiates more than 7 million degrees Kelvin. Scientists call this sort of cloud a “halo.” This particular halo is located in the system designated NGC 6240, which...

Pinpointing Radio Wave Origins In The Distant Universe
2013-05-01 05:04:41

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For the first time, astronomers have identified discrete sources that account for nearly all of the radio waves coming from distant galaxies. This was achieved by more than 50 hours of observations with the ultra-sensitive Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA). The researchers found that approximately 63 percent of the background radio emission comes from galaxies with gorging black holes at their cores. The remaining 37 percent...


Latest Galaxy Reference Libraries

Cosmology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

45_d4a20fda769b165e44826492e9e54549
2010-09-16 15:18:29

The Virgo Cluster consists of galaxies at a distance of around 59 Mly away in the constellation Virgo. Containing between 1300 to 2000 galaxies the Virgo Cluster is the heart of the Local Supercluster. Its mass is estimated at 1.2 × 1015 M☉ out to 8 degrees of the cluster's center or a radius of about 2.2 Mpc. Most of the brighter galaxies in the cluster were discovered by Charles Messier in the late 1770's and early 1780's, including the giant elliptical Messier 87. Messier...

45_9843bacae4e6aaccde9ad6442185fc8e
2010-09-16 15:14:03

The two Magellanic Clouds (or Nubeculae Magellani), composed of the Large Megellanic Cloud and the Small Magellanic Cloud, are irregular dwarf galaxies visible in the southern hemisphere. They are members of our Local Group and orbit the Milky Way galaxy. Persian astronomer Al Sufi, in 964, was the first to have written anything about the Magellanic Clouds proving they have been known since early time amongst the Middle East peoples. Sufi, in his Book of Fixed Stars, calls the clouds...

67_663c28d472128bcb018b26f3ca4cd648
2010-09-13 17:11:43

The M96 Group (also known as the Leo I Group), one of many in the Virgo Supercluster, is located within the Leo constellation and contains between 8 and 24 galaxies, including three Messier objects. The Leo Triplet, which is physically near M96 Group, and M96 may actually be separate parts of a much larger group.

67_8b8b742d654cb21ec4a1143054c4c9da
2010-09-13 17:09:55

The M81 Group, containing the well known galaxies Messier 81 and Messier 82, is a group of galaxies within the constellation Ursa Major. Along with Messier 81 and 82 are several other galaxies with apparent brightness. The center, located at an approximate distance of 3.6 Mpc, is one of the nearest groups to the Local Group. The total estimated mass of the group is (1.03 ± 0.17) × 1012M☉. The Virgo Supercluster contains the M81 Group, the Local Group, and some other nearby...

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Word of the Day
cruet
  • A vial or small glass bottle, especially one for holding vinegar, oil, etc.; a caster for liquids.
This word is Middle English in origin, and ultimately comes from the Old French, diminutive of 'crue,' flask.
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