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Latest Galaxy Stories

Galactic Raw Material Plays Crucial Role In Star Formation
2013-06-25 08:28:48

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online New observation using an Australian telescope has offered up evidence of the raw material that played a part in forming some of the first stars in galaxies when the Universe was just three billion years old. The observations were made using CSIRO’s Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) near Narrabri, New South Wales. “[This is] one of very few telescopes in the world that can do such difficult work, because it is both...

New Hubble Image Shows Interacting Galaxies
2013-06-20 18:59:33

Lee Rannals for redorbit.com — Your Universe Online New images taken by the Hubble Space Telescope of a pair of galaxies experiencing a close encounter have been released. The new image features interacting galaxies known as Arp 142. These galaxies have strayed a little too close to each other, causing them to interact and create big changes in both objects. Astronomers say the two galaxies are interacting violently by exchanging matter and causing havoc. Arp 142 was named...

Project Maps Detailed Motions Of Universe
2013-06-14 11:35:29

Watch the video "Cosmography of the Local Universe" John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Visualizing the Universe is quite difficult. For one, the cosmos is enormous, far beyond the dimensions the human mind can comprehend. However, there is also the technical problem that we usually see images of the Universe as a two-dimensional image or map. Without the benefit of depth, we can´t truly appreciate the scale, orientation, and distribution of matter in...

Data Supports Cold Model Dark Matter
2013-06-13 15:54:45

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Scientists continue the search to identify the nature of dark matter that seems to pervade the Universe. Since by its very nature it does not interact well — or perhaps at all — with electromagnetic radiation, direct detection of this mysterious form of matter has proven elusive. Despite this obstacle, astronomers have become convinced of its existence because of how it can be ℠seen´ to interact...

How Does Hydrogen Drive Star Formation In Galaxies
2013-06-13 05:00:58

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online A major field of study in astronomy seeks to understand how galaxies form and evolve. One advantage that we possess is that as we study the light from the most distant galaxies, we are effectively looking back in time, seeing the oldest galaxies in the Universe when they were still young. But there is a problem: the farther away the galaxies are, the more difficult they are to study. This is the issue faced by...

More Galactic Gas In Milky Way Than We Thought
2013-06-11 14:31:02

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The building blocks of stars, clouds of molecular gases, are strewn across the Milky Way, and a new survey from the European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA has found that scientists have been underestimating the amount of gas in the galaxy by about one-third. According to a new report in journal Astronomy and Astrophysics, the discovery was made possible by the orbiting Hershel Space Observatory, a joint venture between the two space...

Euclid Dark Matter Mission Now In Development
2013-06-11 13:13:58

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online The European Space Agency's (ESA's) Euclid module under development in France will be helping to explore dark energy and dark matter in the universe. Euclid will be launching in 2020 to help scientists better understand the evolution of the Universe since the Big Bang and its present accelerating expansion. Dark matter is invisible to normal telescopes, making it hard to study. However, the elusive subject plays a vital role in...

Astronomers Size Up The Smallest Galaxy In The Universe
2013-06-10 11:54:04

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online University of California, Irvine scientists reported on Monday that they have measured the least massive galaxy in the known universe. The researchers wrote in The Astrophysical Journal that the tiny dwarf galaxy, Segue 2, only holds a mere 1,000 stars within its realm. Their findings offer clues about how iron, carbon and other elements help form human life. “Finding a galaxy as tiny as Segue 2 is like discovering an elephant...

Cats Paw Nebula Baby Boom
2013-06-06 13:58:02

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers presented research on Wednesday at the American Astronomical Society (AAS) about how the Cat's Paw Nebula is experiencing a "baby boom." The team said the nebula, or NGC 6334, is forming stars at a more rapid pace than the Orion Nebula, which is one of the closest stellar nurseries to Earth. "It might resemble a 'mini-starburst,' similar to a scaled-down version of the spectacular bursts sometimes seen in other...


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Cosmology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

45_d4a20fda769b165e44826492e9e54549
2010-09-16 15:18:29

The Virgo Cluster consists of galaxies at a distance of around 59 Mly away in the constellation Virgo. Containing between 1300 to 2000 galaxies the Virgo Cluster is the heart of the Local Supercluster. Its mass is estimated at 1.2 × 1015 M☉ out to 8 degrees of the cluster's center or a radius of about 2.2 Mpc. Most of the brighter galaxies in the cluster were discovered by Charles Messier in the late 1770's and early 1780's, including the giant elliptical Messier 87. Messier...

45_9843bacae4e6aaccde9ad6442185fc8e
2010-09-16 15:14:03

The two Magellanic Clouds (or Nubeculae Magellani), composed of the Large Megellanic Cloud and the Small Magellanic Cloud, are irregular dwarf galaxies visible in the southern hemisphere. They are members of our Local Group and orbit the Milky Way galaxy. Persian astronomer Al Sufi, in 964, was the first to have written anything about the Magellanic Clouds proving they have been known since early time amongst the Middle East peoples. Sufi, in his Book of Fixed Stars, calls the clouds...

67_663c28d472128bcb018b26f3ca4cd648
2010-09-13 17:11:43

The M96 Group (also known as the Leo I Group), one of many in the Virgo Supercluster, is located within the Leo constellation and contains between 8 and 24 galaxies, including three Messier objects. The Leo Triplet, which is physically near M96 Group, and M96 may actually be separate parts of a much larger group.

67_8b8b742d654cb21ec4a1143054c4c9da
2010-09-13 17:09:55

The M81 Group, containing the well known galaxies Messier 81 and Messier 82, is a group of galaxies within the constellation Ursa Major. Along with Messier 81 and 82 are several other galaxies with apparent brightness. The center, located at an approximate distance of 3.6 Mpc, is one of the nearest groups to the Local Group. The total estimated mass of the group is (1.03 ± 0.17) × 1012M☉. The Virgo Supercluster contains the M81 Group, the Local Group, and some other nearby...

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Word of the Day
maffling
  • To stammer.
  • Present participle of maffle, to stammer.
  • A simpleton.
The word 'maffle' may come from a Dutch word meaning 'to move the jaws' or a French word meaning 'having large cheeks'.