Latest Galaxy Stories
Planetary nebulae occur in the final stages of a star's life when its outer layers begin to stretch out into the surrounding space. These nebulae can create beautiful objects in the night sky, with some stretching out into an hourglass or butterfly shape.
Observational of distant galaxies suggests one of two possibilities: either these galaxies contain significantly more mass than what is seen, or our physical understanding of gravity is flawed.
Despite its remoteness and unique scientific work environment, the ALMA observatory in Chile is not immune to the disputes between workers and management that affect every other industry.
Instruments like the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) have brought a level of resolution that has allowed us to trace the history and evolution of galactic dynamics.
Observations with NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory have revealed a massive cloud of multimillion-degree gas in a galaxy about 60 million light years from Earth.
Recently, a team of three 3rd year students studying at the Niels Bohr Institute undertook a week long observation at the Nordic Optical Telescope in La Palma, Spain. Their mission: to take deeper, follow-up observations of a puzzling object that had been recently discovered.
Stretching almost halfway around the Milky Way galaxy, the Magellanic Stream is a ribbon of gas that has puzzled astronomers for decades. Now, using data from the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), astronomers now believe that they have nailed down its source.
An international team led by astronomers from Kyoto University, the University of Tokyo and the University of Oxford has released its first version of a 3D map of the Universe from its FastSound project
In the hunt for dark matter and dark energy, researchers now have a new weapon in their arsenal: the Hyper-Suprime Cam (HSC).
Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...
The Virgo Cluster consists of galaxies at a distance of around 59 Mly away in the constellation Virgo. Containing between 1300 to 2000 galaxies the Virgo Cluster is the heart of the Local Supercluster. Its mass is estimated at 1.2 Ã— 1015 Mâ˜‰ out to 8 degrees of the cluster's center or a radius of about 2.2 Mpc. Most of the brighter galaxies in the cluster were discovered by Charles Messier in the late 1770's and early 1780's, including the giant elliptical Messier 87. Messier...
The two Magellanic Clouds (or Nubeculae Magellani), composed of the Large Megellanic Cloud and the Small Magellanic Cloud, are irregular dwarf galaxies visible in the southern hemisphere. They are members of our Local Group and orbit the Milky Way galaxy. Persian astronomer Al Sufi, in 964, was the first to have written anything about the Magellanic Clouds proving they have been known since early time amongst the Middle East peoples. Sufi, in his Book of Fixed Stars, calls the clouds...
The M96 Group (also known as the Leo I Group), one of many in the Virgo Supercluster, is located within the Leo constellation and contains between 8 and 24 galaxies, including three Messier objects. The Leo Triplet, which is physically near M96 Group, and M96 may actually be separate parts of a much larger group.
The M81 Group, containing the well known galaxies Messier 81 and Messier 82, is a group of galaxies within the constellation Ursa Major. Along with Messier 81 and 82 are several other galaxies with apparent brightness. The center, located at an approximate distance of 3.6 Mpc, is one of the nearest groups to the Local Group. The total estimated mass of the group is (1.03 Â± 0.17) Ã— 1012Mâ˜‰. The Virgo Supercluster contains the M81 Group, the Local Group, and some other nearby...
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