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Latest Galaxy Stories

Distant Galaxy Clusters Located By ESA Spacecraft
2014-02-12 13:04:23

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Using a novel way of combining data from the two European Space Agency (ESA) satellites Planck and Herschel, an international team of scientists has been able to locate more distant galaxy clusters than previously possible. According to the team’s report in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, they were able to use their new technique to discover four previously unknown galaxy clusters containing thousands of...

Frontier Fields Project Locates One Of The Most Distant Galaxies Ever
2014-02-08 08:28:08

[ Watch the Video: Abell2744 Y1 Is The Most Distant Galaxy Discovered ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports – Your Universe Online By analyzing data collected by the Hubble and Spitzer Space Telescopes, an international team of astronomers have discovered what could be one of the most distant galaxies ever discovered, existing at a time when the universe was no more than approximately 650 million years old. The galaxy, which is known as Abell2744 Y1, is roughly 30 times smaller than...

Using Simulations To Chart The Forces Of The Early Universe
2014-02-06 10:13:28

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Most scientific calculations need a reference point to be completed, but what if the calculations are for the beginning of the Universe – where points of reference are somewhat ephemeral? In a new study, published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, researchers from The University of Texas at Austin tried to do just that – conduct numerical simulations aimed at charting the forces of the Universe in its first...

2014-01-29 12:20:28

WASHINGTON, Jan. 29, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope and Europe's Herschel Space Observatory have pieced together the evolutionary sequence of compact elliptical galaxies that erupted and burned out early in the history of the universe. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) Enabled by Hubble's infrared imaging capabilities, astronomers have assembled for the first time a representative spectroscopic sampling of...

Astronomer Discovers Hydrogen River Flowing Into Nearby Galaxy
2014-01-28 09:52:49

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online What might be a never-before-seen river of hydrogen flowing through space has been discovered by West Virginia University astronomer, D.J. Pisano, using the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope (GBT). A study, published in the Astronomical Journal, reveals that this river is a faint, very tenuous filament of gas, which is streaming into the nearby galaxy, NGC 6946. Understanding this may help...

FIRE Project Explains Galactic Masses
2014-01-23 09:00:42

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A puzzling contradiction has challenged astrophysicists for decades: many galactic wind models—which are simulations of how matter is distributed in the universe—predict that most of the "normal" matter exists in stars at the center of galaxies. However, these stars actually only account for less than 10 percent of the matter in the universe. Now, new simulations have revealed insight into this mismatch between models and reality,...

ESA Confirms Inside Out Model Milky Way
2014-01-20 11:40:56

[ Watch the Video: Inside-out Formation Of The Milky Way ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online New research from the European Space Agency's (ESA) Gaia-ESO project has confirmed previous theories on the inside-out development of the Milky Way, with the inner regions of the galaxy’s disc being the first to form. According to their report in the astronomical database Astro-ph, the study researchers reached their conclusions using observations taken with the 8-meter...

quasar UM287
2014-01-20 04:49:41

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A distant quasar discovered by astronomers working at Hawaii’s WM Keck Observatory has for the first time revealed part of the filament networks believed to connect galaxies in a cosmic web, according to research published Sunday in the journal Nature. Using the observatory’s 10-meter Keck I Telescope, a team of researchers including first author Sebastiano Cantalupo, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California,...

Bar Galaxies Galaxy Zoo
2014-01-17 09:25:09

[ Watch the Video: How Have Barred Spiral Galaxies Evolved Over Time? ] John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online There are a number of interesting puzzles in astronomy that have faced significant challenge because the analysis simply requires massive amounts of data and complicated algorithms that demands serious computing power. Luckily, in at least some of these cases, the same algorithms that are a difficult for a computer to execute are relatively easy for our...

Himiko Galaxy's 'Space Blob' Halo Dates Back To The Cosmic Dawn
2014-01-17 08:10:48

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Questions surrounding the glowing gaseous halo extending from a massive early galaxy that have puzzled astronomers since its discovery in 2009 have finally been answered by research appearing in a recent edition of The Astrophysical Journal. Himiko, a very large and extremely distant galaxy with a gaseous halo extending over 55,000 light years, was first discovered four years ago using the Subaru Telescope located at Hawaii’s...


Latest Galaxy Reference Libraries

Cosmology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

45_d4a20fda769b165e44826492e9e54549
2010-09-16 15:18:29

The Virgo Cluster consists of galaxies at a distance of around 59 Mly away in the constellation Virgo. Containing between 1300 to 2000 galaxies the Virgo Cluster is the heart of the Local Supercluster. Its mass is estimated at 1.2 × 1015 M☉ out to 8 degrees of the cluster's center or a radius of about 2.2 Mpc. Most of the brighter galaxies in the cluster were discovered by Charles Messier in the late 1770's and early 1780's, including the giant elliptical Messier 87. Messier...

45_9843bacae4e6aaccde9ad6442185fc8e
2010-09-16 15:14:03

The two Magellanic Clouds (or Nubeculae Magellani), composed of the Large Megellanic Cloud and the Small Magellanic Cloud, are irregular dwarf galaxies visible in the southern hemisphere. They are members of our Local Group and orbit the Milky Way galaxy. Persian astronomer Al Sufi, in 964, was the first to have written anything about the Magellanic Clouds proving they have been known since early time amongst the Middle East peoples. Sufi, in his Book of Fixed Stars, calls the clouds...

67_663c28d472128bcb018b26f3ca4cd648
2010-09-13 17:11:43

The M96 Group (also known as the Leo I Group), one of many in the Virgo Supercluster, is located within the Leo constellation and contains between 8 and 24 galaxies, including three Messier objects. The Leo Triplet, which is physically near M96 Group, and M96 may actually be separate parts of a much larger group.

67_8b8b742d654cb21ec4a1143054c4c9da
2010-09-13 17:09:55

The M81 Group, containing the well known galaxies Messier 81 and Messier 82, is a group of galaxies within the constellation Ursa Major. Along with Messier 81 and 82 are several other galaxies with apparent brightness. The center, located at an approximate distance of 3.6 Mpc, is one of the nearest groups to the Local Group. The total estimated mass of the group is (1.03 ± 0.17) × 1012M☉. The Virgo Supercluster contains the M81 Group, the Local Group, and some other nearby...

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Word of the Day
malpais
  • The ragged surface of a lava-flow.
'Malpais' translates from Spanish as 'bad land.'