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Latest Gamma-ray burst Stories

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2006-08-30 16:30:00

A cosmic explosion seen last February may have been the "tip of an iceberg," showing that powerful, distant gamma ray bursts are outnumbered ten-to-one by less-energetic cousins, according to an international team of astronomers. A study of the explosion with X-ray and radio telescopes showed that it is "100 times less energetic than gamma ray bursts seen in the distant universe. We were able to see it because it's relatively nearby," said Alicia Soderberg, of Caltech, leader of the research...

2006-08-30 12:10:00

LONDON (Reuters) - Teams of international scientists have used observations from NASA's Swift satellite and other telescopes to witness the evolution of a cosmic blast into a stellar explosion or supernova. The blast is thought to be a milder type of gamma-ray burst (GRB) -- the most powerful type of explosion known to astronomers -- called an X-ray flash. It is known as GRB060218 after the February 18 date it began in the constellation of Aries about 440 million light years away. A light...

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2006-07-31 18:45:00

SANTA CRUZ, CA -- A survey of galaxies observed along the sightlines to quasars and gamma-ray bursts--both extremely luminous, distant objects--has revealed a puzzling inconsistency. Galaxies appear to be four times more common in the direction of gamma-ray bursts than in the direction of quasars. Quasars are thought to be powered by accretion of material onto supermassive black holes in the centers of distant galaxies. Gamma-ray bursts, the death throes of massive stars, are the most...

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2006-04-18 12:45:00

COLUMBUS , Ohio -- Are you losing sleep at night because you're afraid that all life on Earth will suddenly be annihilated by a massive dose of gamma radiation from the cosmos? Well, now you can rest easy. Some scientists have wondered whether a deadly astronomical event called a gamma ray burst could happen in a galaxy like ours, but a group of astronomers at Ohio State University and their colleagues have determined that such an event would be nearly impossible. Gamma ray bursts (GRBs) are...

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2006-04-04 18:55:01

The European Space Agency's XMM-Newton X-ray observatory has already been a spectacular success in many areas of astronomy - detecting distant clusters of galaxies, the faint afterglow of enigmatic gamma ray bursts and the effects of the collision of the Deep Impact probe with comet Tempel-1. Now an innovative new approach analyses X-rays detected during the times that the satellite manoeuvres between targets - originally considered to be unusable periods - to reveal some 4,000 intensely...

2006-03-31 21:29:27

(RedOrbit) Scientists from The University of Exeter and the International University, Bremen, Germany have discovered what may be the strongest magnetic field in the Universe. The scientists have shown that this field, which is 1000 million million times larger than the Earth's magnetic field, is created by violent collisions between neutron stars in the outer reaches of space. Neutron stars are the collapsed core of a massive star remaining after a supernova explosion. When two neutron...

2006-03-30 07:03:10

The first computer simulation to model the collision of two magnetised neutron stars shows that the impact generates the strongest magnetic fields known in the Universe.  The gigantic fields are more than a thousand million million times stronger than the magnetic field of the Earth and are thought to launch the violent gamma-ray burst explosions. Neutron stars have masses comparable to that of our Sun, but a radius of only 10 km, so they are even denser than atomic nuclei.  Neutron...

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2006-03-08 18:55:49

PSU -- It came from the edge of the visible universe, the most distant explosion ever detected. In this week's issue of Nature, scientists at Penn State University and their U.S. and European colleagues discuss how this explosion, detected on 4 September 2005, was the result of a massive star collapsing into a black hole. The explosion, called a gamma-ray burst, comes from an era soon after stars and galaxies first formed, about 500 million to 1 billion years after the Big Bang. The...

2006-03-08 13:02:10

LONDON (Reuters) - Three international teams of astronomers said on Wednesday they have detected the most distant gamma ray burst ever observed in the early Universe. The cosmic explosion, a gamma ray burst (GRB) called GRB 050904, was detected by astronomers in the United States, Japan and Italy last September using NASA's Swift satellite. A gamma ray burst is the most distant and powerful type of explosion known to astronomers. It can last from a few milliseconds to several...

2006-02-25 10:17:05

NASA -- Scientists using NASA's Swift satellite have detected a new kind of cosmic explosion. The event appears to be a precursor to a supernova, which is expected to reach peak brightness in about a week's time. UK astronomers and their colleagues around the world are watching closely as they have never seen an explosion of this kind before. Satellites and the world's largest telescopes are now trained on the sight, watching and waiting. The explosion has the trappings of a gamma-ray burst...


Latest Gamma-ray burst Reference Libraries

7_7ab115b117284658644e345b89f5ba712
2004-10-19 04:45:43

Gamma-Ray Astronomy -- Gamma-ray astronomy is the astronomical study of gamma rays. Long before experiments could detect gamma rays emitted by cosmic sources, scientists had known that the universe should be producing these photons. Work by Feenberg and Primakoff in 1948, Hayakawa and Hutchinson in 1952, and, especially, Morrison in 1958 had led scientists to believe that a number of different processes which were occurring in the universe would result in gamma-ray emission. These...

6_f3739d4b04b11a1c267bfcc286610ef92
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Hypernova -- A hypernova is a theoretical type of supernova produced when exceptionally large stars collapse at the end of their lifespan. In a hypernova, the core of the star collapses directly into a black hole and two extremely energetic jets of plasma are emitted from its rotational poles at nearly light speed. These jets emit intense gamma rays, and are a candidate explanation for gamma ray bursts. Theorists have come up with several plausible explanations for hypernovae. It may...

6_f5324ad7d5514381282c99963af8be7c2
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Gamma-Ray Burst -- In astronomy, Gamma-ray bursters (GRBs) are flashes of gamma rays that last from seconds to hours, the longer ones being followed by several days of X-ray afterglow. They occur at random positions in the sky several times each day. They are now believed to result from tremendous explosions in far away galaxies, during the creation of a black hole from a dying star or two colliding neutron stars. The black hole, surrounded by a rotating disk of matter falling into it,...

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Word of the Day
lunula
  • A small crescent-shaped structure or marking, especially the white area at the base of a fingernail that resembles a half-moon.
This word is a diminutive of the Latin 'luna,' moon.
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