Latest Gamma-ray burst Stories

Astronomers Discover Youngest Black Hole In Milky Way
2013-02-13 12:11:40

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online A rare explosion from a rotating star may have created the most recent black hole formed in the Milky Way galaxy. Astronomers using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory claim that matter was ejected at high speeds along the poles of a rotating star, creating a supernova remnant, W49B, which may contain a young black hole. "W49B is the first of its kind to be discovered in the galaxy," said Laura Lopez, who led the study at the...

Black Hole Radiation Blasted Earth During 8th Century
2013-01-21 11:56:25

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online According to a new study, black hole cosmic radiation blasted into the Earth back in the 8th century. Japanese astrophysicist Fusa Miyake discovered last year clues for the strange event located in the rings of ancient cedar trees that dated back to either 774 or 775 AD. Researchers teamed together to determine what had caused the surge in carbon-14 in the rings and found no evidence of a supernova, as they had expected. The...

Spacetime More Like A Smooth Whiskey Than A Foamy Brew
2013-01-11 04:58:51

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online According to new research led by Michigan Technological University, spacetime might be less like a foamy beer and more like a smooth Einsteinian whiskey. Robert Nemiroff and his team studied the tracings of three photons of differing wavelengths to reach this heady conclusion. NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope recorded these tracings in 2009. About 7 billion light years from Earth, a gamma ray outburst threw the photons from...

NASA's Swift Team Collects More Than 100 Snapshots For Image Gallery Gift
2012-12-31 10:31:00

NASA Of the three telescopes carried by NASA's Swift satellite, only one captures cosmic light at energies similar to those seen by the human eye. Although small by the standards of ground-based observatories, Swift's Ultraviolet/Optical Telescope (UVOT) plays a critical role in rapidly pinpointing the locations of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), the brightest explosions in the cosmos. But as the proxy to the human eye aboard Swift, the UVOT takes some amazing pictures. The Swift team is...

All Black Holes Launch Fundamentally Similar High-Speed Jets
2012-12-14 11:31:15

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online It would be a mistake to think of black holes as having a uniformity of size or mass. They range from modest objects formed from the end of an individual stars' life to behemoths billions of times more massive that rule the centers of galaxies. A new study recently published in the journal Science, however, shows that high-speed jets launched from active black holes share fundamental similarities despite the mass, age or...

X-ray Emissions A Tell-tale Sign Of Supernova Birth
2012-12-08 06:44:04

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study led by the University of Leicester has revealed new evidence suggesting X-ray detectors in space could be the first to witness new supernovae that signal the death of massive stars. An excess of X-ray radiation has been observed in the first few minutes of the collapse of massive stars. This excess may be the signature of the supernovae shock wave as it first escapes from the star. Dr. Rhaana Starling of the University...

Researchers Find Limit On CPT Violation From Gamma-Ray Bursts
2012-12-07 15:12:11

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Researchers wrote in the journal Physical Review Letters that they have found evidence of a strict limit on CPT violation from polarization of gamma-ray bursts. Photons produced by gamma-ray bursts travel billions of light years to reach the Earth. This makes them excellent probes of space-time structures on extremely small scales. Some quantum gravity theories predict that structures of space-time at extremely short...

NASA Gives Fermi Space Telescope Better Vision
2012-12-06 15:31:34

[Watch Video: Fermi Finds Radio Bursts From Terrestrial Gamma-Ray Flashes] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope is new and improved, and ready to start sending back some images of high-energy light mysteriously produced above thunderstorms. The space agency updated the telescope with improved data analysis techniques and a new operating mode to the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) aboard Fermi. This will enable the...

Integral Space Observatory Celebrates Ten Years
2012-10-15 10:06:45

This week, ESA´s Integral space observatory celebrates ten years since launch on 17 October 2002. Integral, short for International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory, is equipped with two gamma-ray telescopes, an X-ray monitor and an optical camera. All four of Integral´s instruments point simultaneously at the same region of the sky to make complementary observations of high-energy sources. Integral is often bathed in gamma-ray bursts, the death cries of massive stars that...

Latest Gamma-ray burst Reference Libraries

2004-10-19 04:45:43

Gamma-Ray Astronomy -- Gamma-ray astronomy is the astronomical study of gamma rays. Long before experiments could detect gamma rays emitted by cosmic sources, scientists had known that the universe should be producing these photons. Work by Feenberg and Primakoff in 1948, Hayakawa and Hutchinson in 1952, and, especially, Morrison in 1958 had led scientists to believe that a number of different processes which were occurring in the universe would result in gamma-ray emission. These...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Hypernova -- A hypernova is a theoretical type of supernova produced when exceptionally large stars collapse at the end of their lifespan. In a hypernova, the core of the star collapses directly into a black hole and two extremely energetic jets of plasma are emitted from its rotational poles at nearly light speed. These jets emit intense gamma rays, and are a candidate explanation for gamma ray bursts. Theorists have come up with several plausible explanations for hypernovae. It may...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Gamma-Ray Burst -- In astronomy, Gamma-ray bursters (GRBs) are flashes of gamma rays that last from seconds to hours, the longer ones being followed by several days of X-ray afterglow. They occur at random positions in the sky several times each day. They are now believed to result from tremendous explosions in far away galaxies, during the creation of a black hole from a dying star or two colliding neutron stars. The black hole, surrounded by a rotating disk of matter falling into it,...

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Word of the Day
  • A large punch-bowl of the eighteenth century, usually of silver and with a movable rim, and decorated with flutings and a scalloped edge. It was also used for cooling and carrying wine-glasses.
  • A kind of cotton handkerchief having white spots on a colored ground, the spots being produced by a chemical which discharges the color.
This word is possibly named after Monteith (Monteigh), 'an eccentric 17th-century Scotsman who wore a cloak scalloped at the hem.'