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Latest Gamma-ray burst Stories

523592ae671aba3d6cc8e4004cd570551
2009-09-18 09:55:00

Black holes are invading stars, providing a radical explanation to bright flashes in the universe that are one of the biggest mysteries in astronomy today. The flashes, known as gamma ray bursts, are beams of high energy radiation "“ similar to the radiation emitted by explosions of nuclear weapons "“ produced by jets of plasma from massive dying stars. The orthodox model for this cosmic jet engine involves plasma being heated by neutrinos in a disk of matter that forms around a...

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2009-09-09 11:45:00

Scientists at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) Space Science Division and a team of international researchers have positively identified cosmic sources of gamma-ray emissions through the discovery of 16 pulsating neutron stars. Using the Large Area Telescope (LAT), the primary instrument on NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope satellite, the discoveries were made by conducting blind frequency searches on the sparse photon data provided by the LAT. The photons had energies between 20...

2009-08-12 12:42:02

The stellar explosions known as type 1a supernovae have long been used as "standard candles," their uniform brightness giving astronomers a way to measure cosmic distances and the expansion of the universe. But a new study published this week in Nature reveals sources of variability in type 1a supernovae that will have to be taken into account if astronomers are to use them for more precise measurements in the future.The discovery of dark energy, a mysterious force that is accelerating the...

19299f2991ae1f062e614a5502af17d2
2009-07-02 13:35:00

High-resolution radio, gamma-ray observations reveal site of relativistic particle acceleration in galaxy M 87An international collaboration of 390 scientists reports the discovery of an outburst of very-high-energy (VHE) gamma radiation from the giant radio galaxy Messier 87 (M 87), accompanied by a strong rise of the radio flux measured from the direct vicinity of its super-massive black hole.The combined results give first experimental evidence that particles are accelerated to extremely...

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2009-06-08 11:25:00

Gamma-ray bursts, with their ability to pierce through gas and dust to shine brightly across the universe, are revealing areas of intense star formation and stellar death where astronomers have been unable to look - the dusty corners of otherwise dust-free galaxies.The conclusion comes from a survey of "dark" gamma-ray bursts - bright in gamma- and X-ray emissions, but with little or no visible light - reported today (Monday, June 8) at a meeting of the American Astronomical Society in...

2df5fa69321506dc63e3dc7b5ddd46d41
2009-05-25 08:55:00

ESO's Very Large Telescope "” Europe's flagship facility for ground-based astronomy "” has been equipped with the first of its second generation instruments: X-shooter. It can record the entire spectrum of a celestial object in one shot "” from the ultraviolet to the near-infrared "” with high sensitivity. This unique new instrument will be particularly useful for the study of distant exploding objects called gamma-ray bursts. "X-shooter offers a capability that is...

add0cdb96489c74a7d5d290808aa82e7
2009-05-04 11:05:00

Since its launch last June, NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope has discovered a new class of pulsars, probed gamma-ray bursts and watched flaring jets in galaxies billions of light-years away. Today at the American Physical Society meeting in Denver, Colo., Fermi scientists revealed new details about high-energy particles implicated in a nearby cosmic mystery. "Fermi's Large Area Telescope is a state-of-the-art gamma-ray detector, but it's also a terrific tool for investigating the...

2009-04-28 08:28:00

WASHINGTON, April 28 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- NASA's Swift satellite and an international team of astronomers have found a gamma-ray burst from a star that died when the universe was only 630 million years old, or less than five percent of its present age. The event, dubbed GRB 090423, is the most distant cosmic explosion ever seen. (Logo: http://www.newscom.com/cgi-bin/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) "Swift was designed to catch these very distant bursts," said Swift lead scientist Neil...

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2009-04-28 08:20:00

ESO's Very Large Telescope has shown that a faint gamma-ray burst detected last Thursday is the signature of the explosion of the earliest, most distant known object in the Universe (a redshift of 8.2). The explosion apparently took place more than 13 billion years ago, only about 600 million years after the Big Bang. Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are powerful flashes of energetic gamma-rays lasting from less than a second to several minutes. They release a tremendous amount of energy in this short...

ea37aa40511b1c09e18fa71b746e963a
2009-04-03 07:10:00

Integral has captured one of the brightest gamma-ray bursts ever seen. A meticulous analysis of the data has allowed astronomers to investigate the initial phases of this giant stellar explosion, which led to the ejection of matter at velocities close to the speed of light. In particular, the astronomers believe that the explosion lifted a piece of the central engine's magnetic field into space. On 19 December 2004, the blast from an exploding star arrived at Earth. ESA's Integral...


Latest Gamma-ray burst Reference Libraries

7_7ab115b117284658644e345b89f5ba712
2004-10-19 04:45:43

Gamma-Ray Astronomy -- Gamma-ray astronomy is the astronomical study of gamma rays. Long before experiments could detect gamma rays emitted by cosmic sources, scientists had known that the universe should be producing these photons. Work by Feenberg and Primakoff in 1948, Hayakawa and Hutchinson in 1952, and, especially, Morrison in 1958 had led scientists to believe that a number of different processes which were occurring in the universe would result in gamma-ray emission. These...

6_f3739d4b04b11a1c267bfcc286610ef92
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Hypernova -- A hypernova is a theoretical type of supernova produced when exceptionally large stars collapse at the end of their lifespan. In a hypernova, the core of the star collapses directly into a black hole and two extremely energetic jets of plasma are emitted from its rotational poles at nearly light speed. These jets emit intense gamma rays, and are a candidate explanation for gamma ray bursts. Theorists have come up with several plausible explanations for hypernovae. It may...

6_f5324ad7d5514381282c99963af8be7c2
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Gamma-Ray Burst -- In astronomy, Gamma-ray bursters (GRBs) are flashes of gamma rays that last from seconds to hours, the longer ones being followed by several days of X-ray afterglow. They occur at random positions in the sky several times each day. They are now believed to result from tremendous explosions in far away galaxies, during the creation of a black hole from a dying star or two colliding neutron stars. The black hole, surrounded by a rotating disk of matter falling into it,...

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Word of the Day
mundungus
  • A stinking tobacco.
  • Offal; waste animal product; organic matter unfit for consumption.
This word comes from the Spanish 'mondongo,' tripe, entrails.