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Latest Gamma ray Stories

Image 1 - Researchers Detect High Energies Coming From Crab Pulsar
2011-10-06 14:03:01

Astrophysicists have detected pulsed gamma-ray emissions from the Crab pulsar with energies that exceed 100 billion electron-volts (GeV). These gamma-ray pulses surpass what current theoretical models of pulsars can explain.  The pulses were detected by the VERITAS telescope array at the Whipple Observatory in Arizona. Nepomuk Otte, a postdoctoral researcher at the University of California, Santa Cruz, said some researchers had told him he was crazy to even look for pulsar emission...

Image 1 - Brightest Gamma Ray On Earth For A Safer, Healthier World
2011-09-19 10:45:51

  Ray more than a thousand billion times brighter than the sun The brightest gamma ray beam ever created- more than a thousand billion times more brilliant than the sun- has been produced in research led at the University of Strathclyde- and could open up new possibilities for medicine. Physicists have discovered that ultra-short duration laser pulses can interact with ionized gas to give off beams that are so intense they can pass through 20 cm of lead and would take 1.5 m of...

Image 1 - Balloon-based Experiment To Measure Distant Gamma Rays
2011-09-18 05:04:59

  Beginning Sunday, September 18, 2011 at NASA's launch facility in Fort Sumner, New Mexico, space scientists from the University of New Hampshire will attempt to send a balloon up to 130,000 feet with a one-ton instrument payload to measure gamma rays from the Crab Pulsar, the remains of a supernova explosion that lies 6,500 light years from Earth. The launch is highly dependent on weather and wind conditions, and the launch window closes at the end of next week. The Gamma Ray...

2011-09-09 11:43:02

Two remarkable pulsed-power machines used to test the nation's defenses against atomic weapons have surpassed milestones at Sandia National Laboratories: 4,000 firings, called 'shots,' on the Saturn accelerator and 9,000 shots on the HERMES III accelerator. Saturn – originally projected to last 5 to 10 years – began operating in 1987. Its major function has been to produce X-rays to test the effectiveness of countermeasures used to protect electronics and other materials...

2011-08-24 17:20:43

Cardiologists who perform heart operations using x-ray guided catheters are exposed to ionizing radiation at levels two to three times higher per year than those experienced by radiologists. Now, new research has found the first evidence that these constant, high levels of exposure cause changes at cell level that might represent the body's way of protecting itself against the harmful effects of radiation. The research, published online today in the European Heart Journal, found that among...

2011-08-23 21:40:18

Sunbathers have long known that melanin in their skin cells provides protection from the damage caused by visible and ultraviolet light. More recent studies have shown that melanin, which is produced by multitudes of the planet's life forms, also gives some species protection from ionizing radiation. In certain microbes, in particular some organisms from near the former nuclear reactor facilities in Chernobyl, melanin has even been linked to increased growth in the presence of ionizing...

88568e6ae400167af46bc0c864b0d260
2011-05-04 08:54:16

MESSENGER carries a Gamma-Ray Spectrometer (GRS) that is capable of measuring and characterizing gamma-ray emissions from the surface of Mercury. Just like radio waves, visible light, and X-rays, gamma rays are a form of electromagnetic radiation, but with higher energies than those other types of radiation. Gamma rays coming from Mercury carry information about the concentrations of elements present on its surface, so observations from the MESSENGER GRS are being used to determine the...

2011-04-26 15:14:51

Research to be presented at CLEO: 2011 highlights latest advances in laser science The world's foremost researchers in laser science, optoelectronics and quantum optics will present their findings at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO: 2011), May 1 "“ 6 at the Baltimore Convention Center. The more than 1,700 presentations at the conference will cover areas from energy and biophotonics to ultrafast lasers and quantum communication. Below is a sampling of the premiere...

255f02c8693ae9954acf4a07b8fecfae
2011-01-11 09:00:00

NASA scientists have discovered beams of antimatter being produced by thunderstorms here on Earth--a phenomenon that had never been observed before, the US space agency said on Monday. It is believed that the antimatter particles were formed in a terrestrial gamma-ray flash, or TGF. According to a NASA press release, about 500 of these lightning-related events occur each day, but most of them are undetected. This one was spotted using NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. "These signals are...

2011-01-10 16:30:00

WASHINGTON, Jan. 10, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Scientists using NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope have detected beams of antimatter produced above thunderstorms on Earth, a phenomenon never seen before. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) Scientists think the antimatter particles were formed in a terrestrial gamma-ray flash (TGF), a brief burst produced inside thunderstorms and shown to be associated with lightning. It is estimated that about 500 TGFs...


Latest Gamma ray Reference Libraries

7_7ab115b117284658644e345b89f5ba712
2004-10-19 04:45:43

Gamma-Ray Astronomy -- Gamma-ray astronomy is the astronomical study of gamma rays. Long before experiments could detect gamma rays emitted by cosmic sources, scientists had known that the universe should be producing these photons. Work by Feenberg and Primakoff in 1948, Hayakawa and Hutchinson in 1952, and, especially, Morrison in 1958 had led scientists to believe that a number of different processes which were occurring in the universe would result in gamma-ray emission. These...

6_f3739d4b04b11a1c267bfcc286610ef92
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Hypernova -- A hypernova is a theoretical type of supernova produced when exceptionally large stars collapse at the end of their lifespan. In a hypernova, the core of the star collapses directly into a black hole and two extremely energetic jets of plasma are emitted from its rotational poles at nearly light speed. These jets emit intense gamma rays, and are a candidate explanation for gamma ray bursts. Theorists have come up with several plausible explanations for hypernovae. It may...

6_c9b95f985acbe749f13bf6301a3180a85
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Electromagnetic Spectrum -- The electromagnetic spectrum describes the various types of electromagnetic radiation based on their wavelengths. Radio, representing wavelengths from a few feet to well over a mile, is at one end of the spectrum. Gamma ray radiation is at the other end: the wavelength of the harder types is so short, in the subatomic range, that we do not have instruments capable of directly measuring it. While the above classification scheme is generally accurate, in...

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