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Latest Gene Stories

Daily Liver Cycles Controlled By More Than 3,000 Epigenetic Switches
2012-12-11 10:16:12

Salk Institute Salk findings may help explain connections between dietary schedules and chronic disease When it's dark, and we start to fall asleep, most of us think we're tired because our bodies need rest. Yet circadian rhythms affect our bodies not just on a global scale, but at the level of individual organs, and even genes. Now, scientists at the Salk Institute have determined the specific genetic switches that sync liver activity to the circadian cycle. Their finding gives...

2012-12-11 01:00:50

Physicists and biologists apply Big Data statistical tools to study marine plant evolution A new method that could give a deeper insight into evolutional biology by tracing directionality in gene migration has just appeared in EPJ Data Science. Paolo Masucci from the Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, at University College of London, UK, and colleagues identified the segregation of genes that a marine plant underwent during its evolution. They found that the exchange of genes, or gene...

How Fins Became Legs Revealed
2012-12-10 13:52:58

Cell Press Vertebrates' transition to living on land, instead of only in water, represented a major event in the history of life. Now, researchers reporting in the December issue of the Cell Press journal Developmental Cell provide new evidence that the development of hands and feet occurred through the gain of new DNA elements that activate particular genes. "First, and foremost, this finding helps us to understand the power that the modification of gene expression has on shaping our...

2012-12-07 16:30:15

A 'network map' of genes involved in pain perception Scientists in Australia and Austria have described a "network map" of genes involved in pain perception. The work, published in the journal PLOS Genetics should help identify new analgesic drugs. Dr Greg Neely from the Garvan institute of Medical Research in Sydney and Professor Josef Penninger from the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna had previously screened the 14,000 genes in the fruit fly genome and identified 580 genes...

2012-12-03 17:01:12

The surface of your skin, called the epidermis, is a complex mixture of many different cell types – each with a very specific job. The production, or differentiation, of such a sophisticated tissue requires an immense amount of coordination at the cellular level, and glitches in the process can have disastrous consequences. Now, researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have identified a master regulator of this differentiation process. "Disorders of epidermal...

2012-12-03 16:07:43

Researchers at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia part of a large international study An international team of genetics researchers has discovered four new gene regions that contribute to low birth weight. Three of those regions influence adult metabolism, and appear to affect longer-term outcomes such as adult height, risk of type 2 diabetes and adult blood pressure. "This large study adds to the evidence that genes have a strong influence on fetal growth," said one of the...

Corn Has Many Active Genes, Could Produce High Yield
2012-12-03 11:45:34

University of Bonn Researchers at the University of Bonn investigate 1 of the oldest mysteries of plant breeding Hybrid plants provide much higher yield than their homozygous parents. Plant breeders have known this for more than 100 years and used this effect called heterosis for richer harvests. Until now, science has puzzled over the molecular processes underlying this phenomenon. Researchers at the University of Bonn and partners from Tübingen and the USA have now...

Scientists Decode Watermelon Genome, May Provide Future Benefits For Crop Improvement
2012-11-26 16:19:33

BGI Shenzhen An international team led by Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, BGI, and other institutes has completed the genomic sequence of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) and the resequencing of 20 watermelon accessions. The genomic data presented in this study will shape future efforts on watermelon genetics and evolutionary research, and also provide an invaluable resource for other plants research and crop genetic improvement. The results were published online in...

DNA Methylation Can Help Predict Biological Age
2012-11-22 06:13:28

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online If you look around at your friends and family, it is clear our biological clocks tick differently. Women tend to live longer than men do, some individuals can look years younger — or older — than their chronological age, and diseases can affect our aging process. The University of California, San Diego School of Medicine led a new study, published online in the journal Molecular Cell, that describes markers and a model...


Latest Gene Reference Libraries

Knockout Mouse
2013-10-02 11:52:01

A Knockout Mouse is a genetically engineered mouse in which researchers have inactivated, or “knocked out,” an existing gene by replacing it or disrupting it with an artificial piece of DNA. The loss of gene activity frequently causes changes in a mouse’s phenotype, which includes appearance, behavior, or other apparent and biochemical characteristics. Knockout mice are significant animal models for studying the role of genes which have been sequenced but whose functions haven’t...

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Word of the Day
toccata
  • In music, a work for a keyboard-instrument, like the pianoforte or organ, originally intended to utilize and display varieties of touch: but the term has been extended so as to include many irregular works, similar to the prelude, the fantasia, and the improvisation.
This word is Italian in origin, coming from the feminine past participle of 'toccare,' to touch.
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