# General relativity Reference Libraries

Nature Physics is a peer-reviewed scientific journal established in 2005 and published monthly by the Nature Publishing Group. The editor-in-chief is Alison Wright, who is a full-time professional editor employed by the journal. The journal publishes original research, letters, full-length articles, review articles, news, views, physics research highlights, commentaries, book reviews, and...

General Relativity and Gravitation is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published monthly since its establishment in 1970. It is published by Springer on behalf of the International Society on General Relativity and Gravitation. G.F.R. Ellis and H. Nicolai are the editors-in-chief. The journal covers modern gravitational physics, encompassing all theoretical and experimental aspects of...

Foundations of Physics is a monthly-published journal devoted to the conceptual bases and fundamental theories of modern physics and cosmology, emphasizing the logical, methodological, and philosophical premises of modern physical theories and procedures. The journal publishes results and observations based on fundamental questions from all major fields of physics: quantum mechanics, quantum...

String Theory -- A string theory is a physical model whose fundamental building blocks are extended objects (strings, membranes and higher-dimensional objects) rather than points. String theories are able to avoid problems, such as infinite energy density, associated with the presence of mathematical points in a physical theory. The term 'string theory' properly refers to both the 26...

Spacetime -- In special relativity and general relativity, time and three-dimensional space are treated together as a single four-dimensional manifold called spacetime (alternatively, space-time; see below). A point in spacetime may be referred to as an event. Each event has four coordinates (t, x, y, z). Just as the x, y, z coordinates of a point depend on the axes one is using, so...

Gravitational Lens -- A gravitational lens is formed when the light from a very distant, bright object (such as a quasar) is "bent" around a massive object (such as a massive galaxy) between the bright object and the viewer. The process is known as gravitational lensing, and was one of the predictions made by Einstein's general relativity. Description In a gravitational lens, the...

Geodesic -- In mathematics and specifically in differential geometry, a geodesic is a path that furnishes shortest paths between any points on it that are close enough together. The most familiar examples are the straight lines in Euclidean geometry. In more general spaces the geodesics can be more complicated, but one often still thinks of them as "straight" in a sense. On a sphere,...

General Relativity -- General Relativity is the common name for the theory of gravitation published by Albert Einstein in 1915. According to general relativity the force of gravity is a manifestation of the local geometry of spacetime. Although the modern theory is due to Einstein, its origins go back to the axioms of Euclidean geometry and the many attempts over the centuries to prove...

Event Horizon -- The event horizon is a boundary beyond which information will never reach an observer. An event horizon is a mathematical construct and not a physical object and a person passing through an event horizon will not notice any odd behavior. From an outside observer however, an object passing though an event horizon will appear redder and dimmer and will appear to freeze at the...

Cosmological Constant -- The cosmological constant (usually denoted by the Greek capital letter lambda: Î›) is a value occurring in Einstein's theory of general relativity. The units of Î› are 1/second2; its value is unknown but believed to be positive based on recent observations. The constant is proportional to the energy density of the vacuum Ï, where Ï€ is Pi, G is the...

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