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Latest Genes Stories

Genetics Of Male Gender Identity
2013-09-03 12:12:52

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online New research from scientists at Case Western University indicates that the development of gender in human males is somewhat tenuous and could point to a biological mechanism behind a spectrum of gender identities. In the study, which was published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, scientists recruited volunteers from rare families in which a daughter has the same Y chromosome as her father. All fetuses start...

2013-08-12 14:12:37

A team of neuroscientists has identified a modification to a protein in laboratory mice linked to conditions associated with Alzheimer's Disease. Their findings, which appear in the journal Nature Neuroscience, also point to a potential therapeutic intervention for alleviating memory-related disorders. The research centered on eukaryotic initiation factor 2 alpha (eIF2alpha) and two enzymes that modify it with a phosphate group; this type of modification is termed phosphorylation. The...

2013-08-05 23:01:54

UC Davis researchers have identified how and where in the genome a cancer chemotherapy agent acts on and ‘un-silences’ the epigenetically silenced gene that causes Angelman syndrome, a rare neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by severe intellectual disability, seizures, motor impairments, and laughing and smiling. Sacramento, CA (PRWEB) August 05, 2013 UC Davis researchers have identified how and where in the genome a cancer chemotherapy agent acts on and ‘un-silences’ the...

For A Healthy Brain, Clear Out The Trash
2013-07-23 10:41:23

NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Recycling is not only good for the environment, it's good for the brain. A study using rat cells indicates that quickly clearing out defective proteins in the brain may prevent loss of brain cells. Results of a study in Nature Chemical Biology suggest that the speed at which damaged proteins are cleared from neurons may affect cell survival and may explain why some cells are targeted for death in neurodegenerative disorders....

2013-06-25 10:59:01

Gene mutations that cause cell signaling networks to go awry during embryonic development and lead to major birth defects may also cause subtle disruptions in the brain that contribute to psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, autism, and bipolar disorder, according to new research by UC San Francisco scientists. Over the past several years, researchers in the laboratory of psychiatrist Benjamin Cheyette, MD, PhD, have shown that mice with mutations in a gene called Dact1 are born...

2013-06-18 13:52:00

-A protein called Nanog helps the renewal of healthy embryonic stem cells. -This study shows that Nanog also promotes cancer stem cell proliferation in head and neck cancer and shows how it promotes their growth. -The findings could lead to new, novel treatments for head and neck cancer. A new study led by researchers at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center — Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute (OSUCCC—James) has...

2013-06-13 10:51:05

Researchers discover biochemical pathway that links nail growth to fingertip regeneration Mammals possess the remarkable ability to regenerate a lost fingertip, including the nail, nerves and even bone. In humans, an amputated fingertip can sprout back in as little as two months, a phenomenon that has remained poorly understood until now. In a paper published today in the journal Nature, researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center shed light on this rare regenerative power in mammals, using...

2013-05-01 12:30:38

One of 100,000 children is born with Menkes disease, a genetic disorder that affects the body´s ability to properly absorb copper from food and leads to neurodegeneration, seizures, impaired movement, stunted growth and, often, death before age 3. Now, a team of biochemistry researchers at the University of Missouri has published conclusive scientific evidence that the gene ATP7A is essential for the dietary absorption of the nutrient copper. Their work with laboratory mice also provides...

2013-04-18 22:00:23

Study finds abnormal protein translation leads to Fragile X ataxia, a disorder seen in grandfathers of children with Fragile X syndrome A bizarre twist on the usual way proteins are made may explain mysterious symptoms in the grandparents of some children with mental disabilities. The discovery, made by a team of scientists at the University of Michigan Medical School, may lead to better treatments for older adults with a recently discovered genetic condition. The condition, called...


Latest Genes Reference Libraries

69_e588e01b31a2e4f3646b095787aff303
2011-01-24 12:59:16

The Herpesviridae, a large family of DNA viruses, causes disease in animals and humans. Members of this family are known as herpesviruses. They all share a common structure where they are composed of relatively large double-stranded, linear DNA genomes encoding 100-200 genes encased within an icosahedral protein cage called the capsid. The whole particle is known as a virion. They are all nuclear-replicating. When a viral particle contacts a cell with specific types of receptor molecules...

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Word of the Day
mallemaroking
  • Nautical, the visiting and carousing of sailors in the Greenland ships.
This word is apparently from a confusion of two similar Dutch words: 'mallemerok,' a foolish woman, and 'mallemok,' a name for some persons among the crew of a whaling vessel.