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Latest Genome Stories

Cocoa Tree Genome Sequenced
2013-06-03 11:42:19

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online While sweets maker Mars Inc. isn´t necessarily known for producing the world´s finest chocolate, scientists at the company may have opened the door to better tasting cocoa and a more productive plant. According to a report in the open access journal Genome Biology, researchers from the candy bar maker in collaboration with several other research institutions have just sequenced the genome of the most commonly...

Researchers Map Genome Of Two Important Spruce Tree Species
2013-05-23 07:52:22

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The genomes of two of the most economically important forest trees in the world were released by Canadian and Swedish scientists. In Canada, the conifers supply raw materials for the forest industry, accounting for $23.7 billion of the nation´s economy in 2011, while the gross output of the Swedish forest industry was $29.7 billion in 2009. Between them, the white spruce and the Norway spruce genomes have 20-30 billion...

Genomic Survey Of Fungal Diversity On Human Skin
2013-05-23 06:02:17

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Your skin is literally covered with almost 200 different kinds of fungi. This isn´t the scene out of some twisted horror movie — it´s the conclusion of a team of American researchers who recently created a topographic map of fungi typically found on living human skin. To create their map, scientists from the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) used genetic...

2013-05-22 10:17:41

Rice computational study tracks E. coli cells´ regulatory mechanisms Environment is not the only factor in shaping regulatory patterns – and it might not even be the primary factor, according to a new Rice University study that looks at how cells´ protein networks relate to a bacteria´s genome. The Rice lab of computer scientist Luay Nakhleh reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences that when environmental factors are eliminated from an...

Carnivorous Plant Gets Rid Of Its Junk DNA
2013-05-13 11:22:44

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online There are approximately 3 billion base pairs in the human genome, however, only about 2 percent of those are actual genes. The rest is considered ℠junk´ DNA. For years, scientists have puzzled over the question of why so much of the human genome appears to be useless, and a new study on a bizarre wetland plant could be the key to solving the genetic mystery. Utricularia gibba is a carnivorous plant that...

Sacred Lotus Genome May Hold Key To The Secrets Of Aging
2013-05-13 09:50:59

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A team of international scientists report today that they have sequenced and annotated the genome of the sacred lotus (Nelumbo nucifera), which is thought to have a powerful genetic system. The team, which includes researchers from the US, China, Australia and Japan, have sequenced nearly 90 percent of the plant´s 27,000 genes. The sacred lotus, which is a symbol of spiritual purity and longevity, has the ability to repair...

Kickstarter Support For Sustainable Lighting Using Glowing Plants
2013-05-08 04:44:56

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A project to use glowing plants to create sustainable light sources has generated a flurry of interest and financial support on the crowdfunding site Kickstarter. With 30 days yet to go, the Glowing Plant initiative has already raised more than a quarter million dollars — far surpassing its initial goal of $65,000 — from more than 4,500 backers, each of which are promised seeds for glowing plants in exchange for their...

2013-05-06 20:36:50

The U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) is among the world leaders in sequencing the genomes of microbes, focusing on their potential applications in the fields of bioenergy and environment. As a national user facility, the DOE JGI is also focused on developing tools that more cost-effectively enable the assembly and analysis of the sequence that it, as well as other genome centers, generates. Despite tremendous advances in cost reduction and throughput of DNA...

Genome Study Of Two Turtle Species Sheds Light On Evolution Of Shell
2013-04-29 11:29:05

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online With their unique outer shell and sharp beak, turtles and their evolutionary history have long been a mystery to biologists. A Nature Genetics report on the newly sequenced genomes of the soft-shell turtle and green sea turtle shows that the iconic reptiles have a common ancestor with crocodilians and birds — diverging from these groups between 270 and 240 million years ago. "The genome-wide phylogenetic analysis of two...


Latest Genome Reference Libraries

Northern Greater Galago, Otolemur garnettii
2012-05-29 12:39:27

The northern greater galago (Otolemur garnettii), also called Garnett's greater galago, is native to Africa. This species is important to genetic research because of the low genomic sequence, completed in 2006, that makes it possible to bridge the genome sequence of higher primates like chimps, and non-primate species like rodents. However, the small 2x genome is not large enough to be a complete genome. The northern greater galago has been given a conservation status of “Least Concern”...

0_e67c1a37f04af347aba9326018efe9b5
2011-01-11 09:41:24

Coccolithovirus, a giant double-stranded DNA virus, infects Emiliania huxleyi, a species of coccolithophore. The virus was first observed in 1999 by W.H. Wilson and his team at the Marine Biological Association. It was sequenced for the EhV-86 strain during the summer of 2005, and was found to be a "giant-virus" having 472 protein-coding genes. It is the largest known marine virus by genome.

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Word of the Day
Cthulhu
  • A gigantic fictional humanoid alien god being described with a head resembling an octopus and dragon wings and claws, around whom an insane cult developed.
  • Pertaining to the mythos of Cthulhu and additional otherworldly beings created by H. P. Lovecraft or inspired by his writings and imitators.
This word was invented in 1926 by H.P. Lovecraft for his short story, 'The Call of Cthulhu.' 'Cthulhu' may be based on the word 'chthonic,' which in Greek mythology refers to the underworld.
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