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Latest Genome Stories

2012-12-26 12:58:52

Scientists have sequenced the genome of the fungus Pneumocystis jirovecii, an advancement that could help identify new targets for drugs to treat and prevent Pneumocystis pneumonia, a common and often deadly infection in immunocompromised patients. The study will be published on December 26, 2012 in mBio®, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology. The organism cannot yet be isolated and grown for study in the laboratory, so details about Pneumocystis...

Domestic Goat Reference Genome Sequence Complete
2012-12-24 05:45:56

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online An international team of researchers announced on Sunday they had completed the first high-quality reference genome of the domestic goat (Capra hircus), marking the first time the DNA of a ruminant animal has been sequenced. "Goats are recognized as an important member of the world livestock industry, and with many unique biological features," officials from BGI Shenzen, one of the institutions responsible for the feat, explained...

Genome Sequencing Complete On Three Lophotrochozoans
2012-12-20 08:31:54

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online With the sequencing of three new members of a group of creatures known as lophotrochozoans, researchers from a pair of US universities and the Department of Energy's Joint Genome Institute (JGI) have more than doubled the number of genomes from these often overlooked marine creatures. Scientists from the JGI, Rice University, and the University of California-Berkeley announced on Thursday that they had sequenced and published the...

Cotton Genome Sequenced
2012-12-20 08:13:13

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online In research that could help the development of next-generation biofuels, an international team of scientists has successfully sequenced the genome of the most basic form of cotton plant. The US Department of Energy's Joint Genome Institute (JGI), along with representatives of 30 other institutions from across the globe, has completed a high-quality draft assembly of the Gossypium raimondii genome, a forerunner of the modern...

2012-12-18 11:09:21

In the twentieth century the sequencing of an entire genome of a higher (eukaryotic) organism was a truly exceptional event — by the end of the year 2000, only four such sequences were available.  Since then, technological advances have put whole-genome sequencing within the reach of many more groups and new sequences have appeared at regular intervals. Viola Nolte in the group of Christian Schlötterer at the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna has just published...

Christmas Trees Unchanged For Millions Of Years
2012-12-14 21:36:41

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Researchers wrote in the journal BMC Biology that the genome of conifers like spruce, pine, and fir have essentially remained the same for the past 100 million years. The team analyzed the genome of conifers and compared it to that of flowering plants. Both plant groups stem from the same acceptor, but diverged about 300 million years ago. They compared the genome macrostructure for 157 gene families present both in conifers...

2012-12-11 21:34:13

New method to directly sequence small genomes without library preparation For the first time, researchers sequenced DNA molecules without the need for the standard pre-sequencing workflow known as library preparation. Using this approach, the researchers generated sequence data using considerably less DNA than is required using standard methods, even down to less than one nanogram of DNA; 500 times less DNA than is needed by standard practices. Libraries are collections of DNA...

2012-12-07 08:22:51

Canada Our Time to Lead Ongoing Globe and Mail series explores the potential risks and rewards of genome mapping Exposed: The DNA Dilemma in print and online at ourtimetolead.ca TORONTO, Dec. 7, 2012 /CNW/ - On Saturday, December 8, 2012, The Globe and Mail will introduce Exposed: The DNA Dilemma, a two week series exploring the potential of genome sequencing to answer the questions: should you share your DNA? Should you give scientists the opportunity to explore and decode your...

2012-12-04 12:24:59

MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif., Dec. 4, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- 23andMe has received grants totaling $573,000 from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to support three projects that utilize 23andMe's unique web-based research platform. These include projects to better understand the genetics of allergies; to assess accuracy of new sequencing technologies in clinical applications; and to develop tools that will take advantage of the genotypic and phenotypic information in the 23andMe database to...

Wheat Genome Sequenced
2012-11-28 22:25:23

Michael Harper for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Wheat is an incredibly important crop. Considered one of the “big three” global crops, wheat accounts for 20% of total calories consumed by human beings. As much as 35% of the entire planet depend on wheat for their very existence. With wheat being so important to the survival of the human race, an internal group of scientists decided it was time to learn more about this important grain and set out to complete the...


Latest Genome Reference Libraries

Northern Greater Galago, Otolemur garnettii
2012-05-29 12:39:27

The northern greater galago (Otolemur garnettii), also called Garnett's greater galago, is native to Africa. This species is important to genetic research because of the low genomic sequence, completed in 2006, that makes it possible to bridge the genome sequence of higher primates like chimps, and non-primate species like rodents. However, the small 2x genome is not large enough to be a complete genome. The northern greater galago has been given a conservation status of “Least Concern”...

0_e67c1a37f04af347aba9326018efe9b5
2011-01-11 09:41:24

Coccolithovirus, a giant double-stranded DNA virus, infects Emiliania huxleyi, a species of coccolithophore. The virus was first observed in 1999 by W.H. Wilson and his team at the Marine Biological Association. It was sequenced for the EhV-86 strain during the summer of 2005, and was found to be a "giant-virus" having 472 protein-coding genes. It is the largest known marine virus by genome.

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