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Latest Genome Stories

2013-12-24 13:35:52

Genetic screening identifies genes driving resistance with a guide RNA library Researchers have developed a method to create a comprehensive library of mutations across all genes in the mouse genome. This library can be used to examine the role of every gene in different cell types. CRISPR technology uses the DNA-cutting enzyme Cas9, with the help of a guide RNA sequence, to find and modify genetic targets. Scientists can easily engineer multiple new guide RNAs using standard molecular...

Parasitic DNA Multiplies In Aging Tissues
2013-12-22 17:19:18

Brown University The genomes of organisms from humans to corn are replete with "parasitic" strands of DNA that, when not suppressed, copy themselves and spread throughout the genome, potentially affecting health. Earlier this year Brown University researchers found that these "retrotransposable elements" were increasingly able to break free of the genome's control in cultures of human cells. Now in a new paper in the journal Aging, they show that RTEs are increasingly able to break free...

Genome Sequence Insight Evolution Flowering Plants
2013-12-20 09:12:33

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The newly-sequenced genome of the Amborella plant is shedding new light on the origin of the more than 300,000 flowering plants on the Earth today, including all major food crop species. Amborella trichopoda, a small understory tree found only on the main island of New Caledonia in the South Pacific, is unique as the sole survivor of an ancient evolutionary lineage that traces back to the last common ancestor of all flowering...

Top Researchers Brought Together To Sequence Genomes Of Invertebrates
2013-12-13 13:45:51

Nova Southeastern University NSU professor organized and hosted first-ever workshop with experts from across the globe Pop Quiz: what creatures make up more than 70% of the approximately 1.9 million described species on earth and have long served as model organisms in many areas of biology? If you guessed invertebrates, you're right! To begin exploring this question, a new cooperative consortium called the Global Invertebrate Genomics Alliance (GIGA) was formed and held its inaugural...

Comb Jelly Insight Evolution Of Life
2013-12-13 11:41:18

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study from researchers at the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) has indicated that a reshuffling of the evolutionary tree for the animal kingdom may be in order. The study, which was published in the journal Science, challenged the idea that complex cell types, like neurons and muscle cells, evolved only once, after simple animals that don’t have these cells diverged from the rest of the animal kingdom. The...

Secret Code Discovered In Human DNA
2013-12-13 05:26:03

[ Watch the Video: Human DNA Has Been Hiding A Secret ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A newly discovered ‘second code’ hiding within our DNA is casting new light on how changes to DNA impact health and disease, according to a study published Friday in the journal Science. The new code is changing the way scientists read and interpret genetic instructions and mutations. Since the genetic code was deciphered in the 1960s, scientists have assumed it...

New Online Database Sheds Light On Gene Patenting Process
2013-12-08 06:29:33

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports – Your Universe Online Researchers from Cambria, a non-profit biotech research organization, and the Queensland University of Technology (QUT), have developed a new online database revealing which organizations have applied for patents related to genes and proteins in living organisms. The open-sourced PatSeq registry, which is the subject of a paper published in last week’s edition of Nature Biotechnology, currently holds over 120 million DNA...

2013-12-06 00:03:53

A group of Illinois researchers, led by Centennial Chair Professor of the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Huimin Zhao, has demonstrated the use of an innovative DNA engineering technique to discover potentially valuable functions hidden within bacterial genomes.  Their work was reported in a Nature Communications article on December 5, 2013 (DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3894). The genome of every bacterial species contains genes that can synthesize a diverse arsenal of...


Latest Genome Reference Libraries

Northern Greater Galago, Otolemur garnettii
2012-05-29 12:39:27

The northern greater galago (Otolemur garnettii), also called Garnett's greater galago, is native to Africa. This species is important to genetic research because of the low genomic sequence, completed in 2006, that makes it possible to bridge the genome sequence of higher primates like chimps, and non-primate species like rodents. However, the small 2x genome is not large enough to be a complete genome. The northern greater galago has been given a conservation status of “Least Concern”...

0_e67c1a37f04af347aba9326018efe9b5
2011-01-11 09:41:24

Coccolithovirus, a giant double-stranded DNA virus, infects Emiliania huxleyi, a species of coccolithophore. The virus was first observed in 1999 by W.H. Wilson and his team at the Marine Biological Association. It was sequenced for the EhV-86 strain during the summer of 2005, and was found to be a "giant-virus" having 472 protein-coding genes. It is the largest known marine virus by genome.

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Word of the Day
endocarp
  • The hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed.
This word comes from the Greek 'endon,' in, within, plus the Greek 'kardia,' heart.
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