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Latest Genome Stories

2013-12-06 00:03:53

A group of Illinois researchers, led by Centennial Chair Professor of the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Huimin Zhao, has demonstrated the use of an innovative DNA engineering technique to discover potentially valuable functions hidden within bacterial genomes.  Their work was reported in a Nature Communications article on December 5, 2013 (DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3894). The genome of every bacterial species contains genes that can synthesize a diverse arsenal of...

How Did Scavenging Fungi Became A Plant's Best Friend?
2013-11-26 09:00:27

DOE/Joint Genome Institute Glomeromycota is an ancient lineage of fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with roots that goes back nearly 420 million years to the earliest plants. More than two thirds of the world's plants depend on this soil-dwelling symbiotic fungus to survive, including critical agricultural crops such as wheat, cassava, and rice. The analysis of the Rhizophagus irregularis genome has revealed that this asexual fungus doesn't shuffle its genes the way researchers...

2013-11-25 16:37:53

A new view of our chromosomes reveals a complex picture Chromosomes – the 46 tightly-wrapped packages of genetic material in our cells – are iconically depicted as X-shaped formations. However, those neat X’s only appear when a cell is about to divide and the entire contents of its genome duplicated. Until now researchers have not been able to get a good picture of the way that our DNA – some two meters of strands all told – is neatly bundled into the nucleus while enabling...

2013-11-25 14:30:04

In a collaborative study, researchers from Lanzhou University, BGI and other institutes have succeeded in unraveling the whole genome sequence of desert poplar, Populus euphratica, and the genetic bases underlying poplar to against salt stress. This work provides new insights for understanding the genetic basis of tree adaptation to salt stress and facilitating the genetic breeding of cultivated poplars for saline fields. The research results have been published online in Nature...

2013-11-19 13:16:54

An original model that would explain how regions of the genome that are copied later on facilitate the birth of new genes with specific functions in tissues and organs One of the most important processes in the life of cells is genome replication, which consists of making exact copies of the DNA in order to pass it on to their offspring when they split. In most organisms, from yeast to human beings, genome replication follows a set plan, in which certain regions of the genome replicate...

2013-11-11 23:25:33

The recently republished Biology, Geography and Health Online Magazine GeoScience.net has published 28,667 new summaries on the discovery of new biological species on earth. As a newly established publisher of information on the basic and applied natural sciences, GeoScience.net covers such discoveries from the year 1865 until now. Mannheim, Germany (PRWEB) November 11, 2013 GeoScience.net has newly published 28,667 abstracts on the discovery of new biological species. A biological...

Most Complete Genome Sequences Generated From Single E. coli Cells And Individual Neurons From The Human Brain
2013-11-11 08:40:04

University of California - San Diego Researchers led by bioengineers at the University of California, San Diego have generated the most complete genome sequences from single E. coli cells and individual neurons from the human brain. The breakthrough comes from a new single-cell genome sequencing technique that confines genome amplification to fluid-filled wells with a volume of just 12 nanoliters. The study is published in the journal Nature Biotechnology on November 10, 2013. "Our...

HPV Virus Damages DNA
2013-11-08 09:36:45

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Human papillomavirus (HPV) can damage chromosomes and genes directly, researchers from the Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center – Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute (OSUCCC – James) report in a new study. HPV is a virus that can cause anal, cervical, head and neck cancers, and according to experts, it produces two viral proteins (E6 and E7) that are involved in the development...


Latest Genome Reference Libraries

Northern Greater Galago, Otolemur garnettii
2012-05-29 12:39:27

The northern greater galago (Otolemur garnettii), also called Garnett's greater galago, is native to Africa. This species is important to genetic research because of the low genomic sequence, completed in 2006, that makes it possible to bridge the genome sequence of higher primates like chimps, and non-primate species like rodents. However, the small 2x genome is not large enough to be a complete genome. The northern greater galago has been given a conservation status of “Least Concern”...

0_e67c1a37f04af347aba9326018efe9b5
2011-01-11 09:41:24

Coccolithovirus, a giant double-stranded DNA virus, infects Emiliania huxleyi, a species of coccolithophore. The virus was first observed in 1999 by W.H. Wilson and his team at the Marine Biological Association. It was sequenced for the EhV-86 strain during the summer of 2005, and was found to be a "giant-virus" having 472 protein-coding genes. It is the largest known marine virus by genome.

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Word of the Day
pungle
  • To take pains; labor assiduously with little progress.
This word comes from the Spanish 'pongale,' put it.
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