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Latest Genome Stories

Top Researchers Brought Together To Sequence Genomes Of Invertebrates
2013-12-13 13:45:51

Nova Southeastern University NSU professor organized and hosted first-ever workshop with experts from across the globe Pop Quiz: what creatures make up more than 70% of the approximately 1.9 million described species on earth and have long served as model organisms in many areas of biology? If you guessed invertebrates, you're right! To begin exploring this question, a new cooperative consortium called the Global Invertebrate Genomics Alliance (GIGA) was formed and held its inaugural...

Comb Jelly Insight Evolution Of Life
2013-12-13 11:41:18

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study from researchers at the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) has indicated that a reshuffling of the evolutionary tree for the animal kingdom may be in order. The study, which was published in the journal Science, challenged the idea that complex cell types, like neurons and muscle cells, evolved only once, after simple animals that don’t have these cells diverged from the rest of the animal kingdom. The...

Secret Code Discovered In Human DNA
2013-12-13 05:26:03

[ Watch the Video: Human DNA Has Been Hiding A Secret ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A newly discovered ‘second code’ hiding within our DNA is casting new light on how changes to DNA impact health and disease, according to a study published Friday in the journal Science. The new code is changing the way scientists read and interpret genetic instructions and mutations. Since the genetic code was deciphered in the 1960s, scientists have assumed it...

New Online Database Sheds Light On Gene Patenting Process
2013-12-08 06:29:33

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports – Your Universe Online Researchers from Cambria, a non-profit biotech research organization, and the Queensland University of Technology (QUT), have developed a new online database revealing which organizations have applied for patents related to genes and proteins in living organisms. The open-sourced PatSeq registry, which is the subject of a paper published in last week’s edition of Nature Biotechnology, currently holds over 120 million DNA...

2013-12-06 00:03:53

A group of Illinois researchers, led by Centennial Chair Professor of the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Huimin Zhao, has demonstrated the use of an innovative DNA engineering technique to discover potentially valuable functions hidden within bacterial genomes.  Their work was reported in a Nature Communications article on December 5, 2013 (DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3894). The genome of every bacterial species contains genes that can synthesize a diverse arsenal of...

How Did Scavenging Fungi Became A Plant's Best Friend?
2013-11-26 09:00:27

DOE/Joint Genome Institute Glomeromycota is an ancient lineage of fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with roots that goes back nearly 420 million years to the earliest plants. More than two thirds of the world's plants depend on this soil-dwelling symbiotic fungus to survive, including critical agricultural crops such as wheat, cassava, and rice. The analysis of the Rhizophagus irregularis genome has revealed that this asexual fungus doesn't shuffle its genes the way researchers...

2013-11-25 16:37:53

A new view of our chromosomes reveals a complex picture Chromosomes – the 46 tightly-wrapped packages of genetic material in our cells – are iconically depicted as X-shaped formations. However, those neat X’s only appear when a cell is about to divide and the entire contents of its genome duplicated. Until now researchers have not been able to get a good picture of the way that our DNA – some two meters of strands all told – is neatly bundled into the nucleus while enabling...

2013-11-25 14:30:04

In a collaborative study, researchers from Lanzhou University, BGI and other institutes have succeeded in unraveling the whole genome sequence of desert poplar, Populus euphratica, and the genetic bases underlying poplar to against salt stress. This work provides new insights for understanding the genetic basis of tree adaptation to salt stress and facilitating the genetic breeding of cultivated poplars for saline fields. The research results have been published online in Nature...


Latest Genome Reference Libraries

Northern Greater Galago, Otolemur garnettii
2012-05-29 12:39:27

The northern greater galago (Otolemur garnettii), also called Garnett's greater galago, is native to Africa. This species is important to genetic research because of the low genomic sequence, completed in 2006, that makes it possible to bridge the genome sequence of higher primates like chimps, and non-primate species like rodents. However, the small 2x genome is not large enough to be a complete genome. The northern greater galago has been given a conservation status of “Least Concern”...

0_e67c1a37f04af347aba9326018efe9b5
2011-01-11 09:41:24

Coccolithovirus, a giant double-stranded DNA virus, infects Emiliania huxleyi, a species of coccolithophore. The virus was first observed in 1999 by W.H. Wilson and his team at the Marine Biological Association. It was sequenced for the EhV-86 strain during the summer of 2005, and was found to be a "giant-virus" having 472 protein-coding genes. It is the largest known marine virus by genome.

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Word of the Day
barghest
  • A goblin in English folklore, often appearing in the shape of a large dog and believed to portend imminent death or misfortune.
  • A ghost, wraith, hobgoblin, elf, or spirit.
The origin of 'barghest' is not known, but it may be from perhaps burh-ghest, town-ghost, or German Berg-geist (mountain spirit) or Bär-geist (bear-spirit).
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