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Geology Reference Libraries

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Norfolk Kaka Nestor productus
2014-09-11 10:58:16

The Norfolk Kaka (Nestor productus) is an extinct species of large parrot belonging to the parrot super family Strigopoidea. The bird was about 38 centimeters in long with mostly olive-brown upperparts, orange cheeks and throat, straw-colored breast and thighs, rump and lower abdomen dark orange and a prominent beak. It lived in the rocks and treetops of Norfolk Island and the adjacent Phillip...

Arenal Volcano
2014-08-28 11:31:44

Arenal Volcano, also known as Volcán Arenal, is an active stratovolcano that is located in northwestern Costa Rica. It can be found in Arenal Volcano National Park and was one of Costa Rica’s most active volcanoes until 2010. This volcano has a small crater and several eruptive vents and is the youngest of all active volcanoes in Costa Rica. Arenal Volcano has produced some violent...

Mount Nyiragongo
2014-08-28 11:22:30

Mount Nyiragongo is an active stratovolcano that is located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This volcano is part of the Virunga Mountains and is located in Virunga National Park. It reaches an elevation of 11,385 feet and has a crater that reaches 1.2 miles in width. This crater typically holds a lava lake that has varied between 2,000 and 10,660 feet in depth. It is not known how long...

2014-08-28 11:14:31

Nevado del Ruiz, also known as La Mesa de Herveo, is an active stratovolcano that is located along the border of the Colombian territories, or departments, of Caldas and Tolima. It reaches an elevation of 17,457 and is shaped like a cone. This volcano is protected within Los Nevados National Natural Park, along with many other volcanoes, and it is a popular tourist destination. Winter...

Galeras
2014-08-28 10:56:28

Galeras is a stratovolcano that is located in Nariño, a Colombian controlled territory. This volcano, which reaches a height of 14,029 feet, is highly active and the most active volcano in Colombia. It primarily contains andesite and holds two calderas that were created by eruptions in the past 560,000 years. Although it is shaped like a horseshoe, eruptions have caused a cone shaped structure...

Paektu Mountain
2014-08-28 10:46:25

Paektu Mountain, also known as Baektu Mountain or Changbai Mountain, is an active stratovolcano that is located along the border of China and North Korea. At an elevation of 9,003 feet, it is the tallest peak on the Korean Peninsula and in northeastern China, as well as the tallest peak in the Baekdudaegan and Changbai mountain ranges. The volcano is a popular tourist area for many South...

Chaitn
2014-08-28 10:38:21

Chaitén is a volcanic caldera that is located in southern Chile that reaches an elevation of 3,681 feet. It is thought that this volcano once held a rhyolite obsidian lava dome that reached 3,156 in height, but this was destroyed after its most recent eruption in 2008. In the past, this volcano has released grey obsidian, which was used by pre-Columbian cultures to make many objects, some of...

Villarrica
2014-08-19 11:03:54

Villarrica, also known as Rucapillán, is an active stratovolcano that is located in Chile and is protected within Villarrica National Park. This volcano is one of five known volcanoes to have a lava lake within its crater and it often produces strombolian eruptions that contain lava flows and incandescent pyroclasts. It is one of three volcanoes that occur along the Gastre Fault Zone, along...

Mount Price
2014-08-19 10:51:33

Mount Price is a stratovolcano that is located in British Columbia, Canada. It is part of the Garibaldi Ranges and reaches an elevation of 6,732 feet, rising above the lake at its western side and the land and other volcanos surrounding it. In the past, this volcano has been known by many names including Red Mountain, Fissile Peak, and Clinker Mountain. It and many other volcanos are protected...

Hoodoo Mountain
2014-08-19 10:23:50

Hoodoo Mountain is flat-topped stratovolcano that is located in British Columbia, Canada and is part of the Northern Cordilleran Volcanic Province and the Pacific Ring of Fire. It is thought to be potentially active and was named for the needle like projections that protrude from it. These lava spines, or hoodoos, reach heights of 492 feet, making it the most distinct mountain in that area of...

Word of the Day
omphalos
  • The navel or umbilicus.
  • In Greek archaeology: A central boss, as on a shield, a bowl, etc.
  • A sacred stone in the temple of Apollo at Delphi, believed by the Greeks to mark the 'navel' or exact center-point of the earth.
'Omphalos' comes from the ancient Greek.
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