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Last updated on April 23, 2014 at 20:10 EDT

Latest Glial cells Stories

2014-03-31 13:37:12

UCLA study discovers potassium boost improves walking in mouse model Tweaking a specific cell type's ability to absorb potassium in the brain improved walking and prolonged survival in a mouse model of Huntington's disease, reports a UCLA study published March 30 in the online edition of Nature Neuroscience. The discovery could point to new drug targets for treating the devastating disease, which strikes one in every 20,000 Americans. Huntington's disease is passed from parent to child...

Chronic Stress Can Lead To Mental Illness
2014-02-12 08:56:22

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Chronic stress generates long-term changes in the brain, according to a new study from the University of California, Berkeley. These changes may explain why people suffering from chronic stress are prone to mental problems such as anxiety and mood disorders. The findings, published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, might lead to new therapies to reduce the risk of developing mental illness after stressful events. Robert Sanders...

Technology Developed To Regenerate Functional Neurons
2013-12-19 12:28:31

Penn State Researchers at Penn State University have developed an innovative technology to regenerate functional neurons after brain injury, and also in model systems used for research on Alzheimer's disease. The scientists have used supporting cells of the central nervous system, glial cells, to regenerate healthy, functional neurons, which are critical for transmitting signals in the brain. Gong Chen, a professor of biology, the Verne M. Willaman Chair in Life Sciences at Penn State,...

Scientists Film Early Concussion Damage And Describe Brain's Response To Injury
2013-12-09 13:29:47

[ Watch the Video: Concussion Secrets Unveiled with Dr. Dorian McGavern ] NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke There is more than meets the eye following even a mild traumatic brain injury. While the brain may appear to be intact, new findings reported in Nature suggest that the brain's protective coverings may feel the brunt of the impact. Using a newly developed mouse trauma model, senior author Dorian McGavern, Ph.D., scientist at the National...

2013-11-25 16:45:57

After Schwann cells (SCs), the principal cells in the peripheral nervous system, and olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs), cells that ensheath the non-myelinated peripheral neurons in the nose, were co-transplanted into laboratory rats with spinal cord injury, researchers in Beijing, China put the rats on a 30 minute per day treadmill training program for ten weeks to determine if the effects of the workouts would benefit aspects of the animals' recovery. The research team, whose results will...

2013-11-25 16:39:32

A new kind of genetic switch can target the activities of just one type of brain cell Mysterious brain cells called microglia are starting to reveal their secrets thanks to research conducted at the Weizmann Institute of Science. Until recently, most of the glory in brain research went to neurons. For more than a century, these electrically excitable cells were believed to perform the entirety of the information processing that makes the brain such an amazing machine. In contrast, cells...

2013-10-23 10:19:04

New research by scientists at UC San Francisco shows that one of the brain's fundamental self-protection mechanisms depends on coordinated, finely calibrated teamwork among neurons and non-neural cells knows as glial cells, which until fairly recently were thought to be mere support cells for neurons. The study, which has implications for understanding neurodegenerative diseases, stroke, and other nervous system disorders, adds to a growing body of evidence that glial cells are integral to...

2013-08-14 11:54:45

The steady accumulation of a protein in healthy, aging brains may explain seniors' vulnerability to neurodegenerative disorders, a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine reports. The study's unexpected findings could fundamentally change the way scientists think about neurodegenerative disease. The pharmaceutical industry has spent billions of dollars on futile clinical trials directed at treating Alzheimer's disease by ridding brains of a substance...

Alzheimer's, Schizophrenia, and Autism Studied With Mature Brain Cells Reprogrammed From Skin Cells
2013-06-07 07:36:57

Pennsylvania State University Difficult-to-study diseases such as Alzheimer's, schizophrenia, and autism now can be probed more safely and effectively thanks to an innovative new method for obtaining mature brain cells called neurons from reprogrammed skin cells. According to Gong Chen, the Verne M. Willaman Chair in Life Sciences and professor of biology at Penn State University and the leader of the research team, "the most exciting part of this research is that it offers the promise of...

Turning Stem Cells Into Brain Cells To Cure Multiple Sclerosis And Cerebral Palsy
2013-04-15 09:33:08

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The painful, debilitating symptoms associated with myelin disorders, such as multiple sclerosis and cerebral palsy, may one day be avoided if new breakthroughs in medical science have anything to say about it. One such breakthrough by a team of scientists at Case Western Reserve School of Medicine (CaseMed) has discovered a technique that directly converts skin cells into a type of brain cells destroyed in patients with these myelin...