Latest Globular cluster Stories

Galaxy Cluster Sets Record For Star Formation
2012-08-15 12:56:18

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have identified the most massive and luminous galaxy cluster ever found, pumping out 740 new stars per year in the central galaxy. The Phoenix cluster was named after the constellation in which it resides, but its more formal name is SPT-CLJ2344-4243. The galaxy cluster sits seven billion light-years away from Earth, and dwarfs most known clusters.  Aside from its mass and brightness, Michael McDonald, a Hubble...

Star Cluster Could Help Astronomers Find Earth-Like Planets
2012-06-23 06:15:20

A loose star cluster located approximately 800 to 1,000 light years from Earth, detected by scientists more than 180 years ago but never analyzed in detail, could be vital in helping experts not only to understand how stars like the Sun evolve, but also to help them in the search for Earth-like planets. According to a June 22 press release, researchers from Penn State University and colleagues from the University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC); Yale University; and the California...

Wide-field view of the Andromeda Galaxy
2012-06-02 08:41:25

Unfortunately, stars don't have birth certificates. So, astronomers have a tough time figuring out their ages. Knowing a star's age is critical for understanding how our Milky Way galaxy built itself up over billions of years from smaller galaxies. Jason Kalirai of the Space Telescope Science Institute and The Johns Hopkins University's Center for Astrophysical Sciences, both in Baltimore, Md., has found the next best thing to a star's birth certificate. Using a new technique, Kalirai...

Birth Environment Affects Star Formation
2012-05-12 04:34:32

Researchers working at the University of Bonn in Germany have used computer simulations to discover the first evidence that the way in which stars form depends upon the conditions of their birth environments, claims a new study published in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. In a Friday statement, the Society said that the properties of stars, which are believed to form in interstellar space from gas and dust clouds, are dependent upon the surrounding conditions...

Messier 55's Vast Ball Of Stars Imaged By ESO's VISTA
2012-05-09 10:53:23

[ Video 1 ] | [ Video 2 ] A new image of Messier 55 from ESO's VISTA infrared survey telescope shows tens of thousands of stars crowded together like a swarm of bees. Besides being packed into a relatively small space, these stars are also among the oldest in the Universe. Astronomers study Messier 55 and other ancient objects like it, called globular clusters, to learn how galaxies evolve and stars age. Globular clusters are held together in a tight spherical shape by gravity. In...

Image 1 - Milky Way’s Companions May Spell Trouble For Dark Matter
2012-04-25 07:46:27

Astronomers from the University of Bonn in Germany have discovered a vast structure of satellite galaxies and clusters of stars surrounding our Galaxy, stretching out across a million light years. The work challenges the existence of dark matter, part of the standard model for the evolution of the universe. PhD student and lead author Marcel Pawlowski reports the team´s findings in a paper in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. The Milky Way, the galaxy we...

Astronomers Discover New Galaxy Cluster - Musket Ball
2012-04-13 03:33:15

Using a combination of powerful observatories in space and on the ground, astronomers have observed a violent collision between two galaxy clusters in which so-called normal matter has been wrenched apart from dark matter through a violent collision between two galaxy clusters. The newly discovered galaxy cluster is called DLSCL J0916.2+2951. It is similar to the Bullet Cluster, the first system in which the separation of dark and normal matter was observed, but with some important...

Cluster Of Stars Survived Massacre 13 Billion Years Ago
2012-02-14 13:37:27

Astronomers have found a cluster of stars that they say survived a massacre 13 billion years ago. The team used computer simulations to look at how the compact groups of stars surrounding our Milky Way galaxy were formed. There are about 200 compact groups sitting close to our galaxy, each containing up to a million stars. The researchers ran simulations of isolated and colliding galaxies, in which they included a model for formation and destruction of stellar clusters. Once a...

Ultra-compact Dwarf Galaxies Are Similar To Bright Star Clusters
2011-12-19 12:04:58

Astronomy & Astrophysics is publishing a new statistical study of the so-called 'ultra-compact dwarf galaxies' (UCDs), which are still mysterious objects. A team of astronomers has investigated how many of these UCDs exist in nearby galaxy clusters and groups. They show that the properties of UCDs match those of bright star clusters. Astronomy & Astrophysics is publishing the results of a detailed investigation of how many 'ultra-compact dwarf galaxies' (UCDs) can be found in...

Latest Globular cluster Reference Libraries

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Star Cluster -- Star clusters are physically bound systems of stars. In order of low compactness to high compactness (and in some sense also age) they range from stellar associations to open clusters to globular clusters. Star clusters are held together by the gravitation of their members. Due to both external (encounters with massive objects, influence of the host galaxy) and internal (encounters with other cluster members, stellar evolution) influences, clusters slowly evaporate. Their...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Globular Cluster -- A globular cluster is a cluster of stars that is spherical in shape and extremely dense towards its core. Globular clusters are usually composed of hundreds of thousands of old stars, similar to the bulge of a spiral galaxy but confined to a volume of only a few cubic parsecs. Some globular clusters (like Omega Centauri in our Milky Way, and G1 in M31) are truly massive clusters, with several million times the mass of our Sun. Such globular clusters may be the...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Galaxy -- Stars are almost always found in collections called galaxies, together with gas, dust, and large amounts of dark matter detected by its gravitational effects. These are all held together by gravitational attraction and orbit a common centre. There is some evidence that black holes may exist at the centre of some or most galaxies. Galaxies come in three main types: ellipticals, spirals, and irregulars. A slightly more extensive description of galaxy types is given by the Hubble...

2004-10-19 04:45:40

Virgo A Galaxy -- Discovered 1781 by Charles Messier. The giant elliptical galaxy M87, also called Virgo A, is one of the most remarkable objects in the sky. It is perhaps the dominant galaxy in the closest big cluster to us, the famous Virgo Cluster of galaxies (sometimes also called "Coma-Virgo cluster" which is more acurate, as it extends into constellation Coma), and lies at the distance of this cluster (about 60 million light-years). M87 lies well in the heart of the Virgo cluster...

2004-10-19 04:45:40

Milky Way Galaxy -- The Milky Way (a translation of the Latin Via Lactea, in turn derived from the Greek Galaxia (gala, galactos means "milk")) is a hazy band of white light across the night sky formed by billions of stars in the disc of our galaxy. The Milky Way appears brightest in the direction of Sagittarius, where the galactic centre lies. Relative to the celestial equator, the Milky Way passes as far north as the constellation of Cassiopeia and as far south as the constellation of...

More Articles (5 articles) »
Word of the Day
  • Remarkable; prodigious.
  • Audacious; gutsy.
  • Completely; extremely.
  • Audaciously; boldly.
  • Impressively great in size; enormous; extraordinary.
This word is probably from the dialectal 'boldacious,' a blend of 'bold' and 'audacious.'