Rhyolite is an igneous, volcanic (extrusive) rock, of felsic composition, with aphanitic to porphyritic texture. Mineral assembly is usually quartz, alkali feldspar and plagioclase (in a ratio > 1:2). Biotite and pyroxene are common accessory minerals. Rhyolite can be considered as the extrusive equivalent to the plutonic granite rock. Due to their high content of silica, rhyolite form highly viscous lavas. They can also occur as breccias or in volcanic necks and dikes. Like obsidian,...
- The navel or umbilicus.
- In Greek archaeology: A central boss, as on a shield, a bowl, etc.
- A sacred stone in the temple of Apollo at Delphi, believed by the Greeks to mark the 'navel' or exact center-point of the earth.