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Hubble Image Shows Remarkable Cross-Section Of The Universe

Hubble Image Shows Remarkable Cross-Section Of The Universe

[ Watch the Video: Zooming In On CLASS B1608+656 ] ESA/NASA An image of a galaxy cluster taken by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope gives a remarkable cross-section of the Universe, showing objects at different distances and stages in...

Latest Gravitational lens Stories

exomoon candidate
2014-04-10 12:05:00

Whitney Clavin, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory Titan, Europa, Io and Phobos are just a few members of our solar system's pantheon of moons. Are there are other moons out there, orbiting planets beyond our sun? NASA-funded researchers have spotted the first signs of an "exomoon," and though they say it's impossible to confirm its presence, the finding is a tantalizing first step toward locating others. The discovery was made by watching a chance encounter of objects in our galaxy, which...

Astronomers Use Cluster Of Galaxies As A Giant Telescope
2014-03-10 06:33:20

[ Watch the Video: A Telescope Bigger Than A Galaxy ] April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online On a starry night, around 400 years ago, Galileo turned his primitive spyglass toward the sky. In just a few nights, he learned more about the stars than all of the scientists and philosophers before him, combined. Since those historic nights, astronomers have operated under a single imperative: make bigger telescopes. The power of optics has grown a million-fold as the 21st...

Chandra And XMM-Newton Show Direct Measurement Of Distant Black Hole's Spin
2014-03-06 08:15:43

[ Watch the Video: Measuring a Distant Black Hole's Spin ] NASA Astronomers have used NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and the European Space Agency's (ESA's) XMM-Newton to show a supermassive black hole six billion light years from Earth is spinning extremely rapidly. This first direct measurement of the spin of such a distant black hole is an important advance for understanding how black holes grow over time. Black holes are defined by just two simple characteristics: mass and...

Massive Neutrinos Help Solve A Cosmological Conundrum
2014-02-10 09:36:04

University of Manchester Scientists have solved a major problem with the current standard model of cosmology identified by combining results from the Planck spacecraft and measurements of gravitational lensing in order to deduce the mass of ghostly sub-atomic particles called neutrinos. The team, from the universities of Manchester and Nottingham, used observations of the Big Bang and the curvature of space-time to accurately measure the mass of these elementary particles for the first...

Frontier Fields Project Locates One Of The Most Distant Galaxies Ever
2014-02-08 08:28:08

[ Watch the Video: Abell2744 Y1 Is The Most Distant Galaxy Discovered ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports – Your Universe Online By analyzing data collected by the Hubble and Spitzer Space Telescopes, an international team of astronomers have discovered what could be one of the most distant galaxies ever discovered, existing at a time when the universe was no more than approximately 650 million years old. The galaxy, which is known as Abell2744 Y1, is roughly 30 times smaller than...

pandora cluster
2014-01-08 03:49:10

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Abell 2744, a giant galaxy cluster believed to have formed when four smaller galaxy clusters crashed into one another, is the subject of the first image captured by Hubble's Frontier Fields observational program, NASA and ESA announced Tuesday. Abell 2744, which was first observed by the Hubble Space Telescope in 2011, is also known as Pandora’s Cluster because the mixture of elliptical and colorful spiral galaxies that formed...

2014-01-07 16:20:22

WASHINGTON, Jan. 7, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- NASA's Hubble Space Telescope is providing a new perspective on the remote universe, including new views of young and distant galaxies bursting with stars. Scientists described the findings Tuesday in a news conference sponsored by the American Astronomical Society (AAS). (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) Highlighted in the briefing were three discoveries -- four unusually bright galaxies as they...

First Gamma Ray Study Gravitational Lens
2014-01-06 15:27:47

[ Watch the Video: Fermi Provides New Details About Gravitational Lenses ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A gravitational lens is created when a galaxy or other massive object bends and amplifies light heading toward an observer from a more distant source and a new paper from an international team of researchers has reported the first-ever gamma ray study of the cosmic phenomenon. The paper, which will be published in an upcoming edition of Astrophysical Journal...

2014-01-06 12:20:58

WASHINGTON, Jan. 6, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- An international team of astronomers, using NASA's Fermi observatory, has made the first-ever gamma-ray measurements of a gravitational lens, a kind of natural telescope formed when a rare cosmic alignment allows the gravity of a massive object to bend and amplify light from a more distant source. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) This accomplishment opens new avenues for research, including a novel way...

south pole telescope
2013-12-15 04:00:20

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Based on observations from the South Pole Telescope, a team of international scientists has found subtle patterns in the cosmic microwave background called B-mode polarizations, according to a report in Physical Review Letters. “The detection of B-mode polarization by South Pole Telescope is a major milestone, a technical achievement that indicates exciting physics to come,” said study author John Carlstrom, a deputy director of...


Latest Gravitational lens Reference Libraries

45_ea0b4f3c063ef1aeec4ef6fed79a5d9d
2010-09-07 17:31:13

The Bullet Cluster is made up of two colliding clusters galaxies. According to a 2006 study, the Bullet Cluster also shows the best evidence for the existence of Dark Matter. From observations of galaxy cluster collisions it has been found that many show displacement between their center of visible matter and their gravitational potential. Each component, stars, gas, and dark matter, within a cluster pair behaves differently during a collision allowing for each to be studied separately....

45_274ba7ddcce89663fc213d79e864e44b
2010-09-07 17:03:18

The Abell 520 galaxy cluster is an strange structure formed by a major merger. Due to its odd and chaotic nature it has been given the nick-name the Train Wreck Cluster. The Dark Matter within the cluster does not act as expected like it does in other clusters, therefore, Abell 520 creates problems for many of the prevailing theories about Dark Matter. It also disrupts many alternative theories of modified gravity. Similar to the Bullet Cluster the gas contents and galaxies within the...

67_d2968798d508f86b18fbbe3396553cd4
2010-09-13 16:46:47

The cluster CL0024+17, located in Pisces, is a galaxy cluster that is allowing astronomers to probe the distribution of dark matter in space. Dark matter does not reflect light and therefore cannot be seen. It is only detectable by the way its gravity affects the lights around it. Using gravitational lensing astronomers observe the distorted light around the dark matter and are able to tell where it is located within a cluster. A dark matter ring found near the cluster's center, by...

6_da99fb8ccd6eba27f4bcf7590775bd272
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Massive Compact Halo Object (MACHO) -- Massive compact halo objects, or MACHOs, are a type of astronomical body proposed as one possible explanation for the presence of dark matter in galactic halos. A MACHO is a small chunk of normal baryonic matter, far smaller than a star, which drifts through interstellar space unassociated with any solar system. Since MACHOs would not emit any light of their own, they would be very hard to detect. Recent work has suggested that MACHOs are not...

6_fec4ca0e97baf4ce0833c41b1e6be5e62
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Gravitational Lens -- A gravitational lens is formed when the light from a very distant, bright object (such as a quasar) is "bent" around a massive object (such as a massive galaxy) between the bright object and the viewer. The process is known as gravitational lensing, and was one of the predictions made by Einstein's general relativity. Description In a gravitational lens, the gravity from the massive object bends light as a lens might. As a result, the path of the light from a...

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