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Latest Gravitational lens Stories

Droplets of star formation
2014-07-11 04:28:47

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online As astronomers have sought to understand the formation and evolution of galaxies, a handful of simple truths have emerged. Despite many questions remaining, we know that galaxies form in clusters, and create interlinked chains and structures that create a spider web across the cosmos. [ Watch the Video: Hubblecast 76: Merging Galaxies And Droplets Of Starbirth ] Because they often move through the Universe in such close...

2014-07-10 12:20:56

WASHINGTON, July 10, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has photographed an unusual structure 100,000 light years long, which resembles a corkscrew-shaped string of pearls and winds around the cores of two colliding galaxies. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnvar/20081007/38461LOGO The unique structure of the star spiral may yield new insights into the formation of stellar superclusters that result from merging galaxies and gas dynamics in this rarely seen...

newly discovered planet in binary system
2014-07-04 04:31:19

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Astronomers have located a new terrestrial planet in a binary star system located roughly 3,000 light-years from Earth, according to new research appearing in the July 4 edition of the journal Science. Ohio State University professor Andrew Gould and four international teams of scientists used the technique of gravitational microlensing to discover the new planet, which is roughly twice the mass of Earth and orbits one of its...

Bullet Group
2014-06-14 03:00:23

ESA Galaxies are not as isolated as they at first glance may seem; on a cosmic scale they congregate in clumps along with dark matter and hot gas. The colorful blob in this new composite image, based on data from several telescopes including ESA's XMM-Newton, is the group of galaxies known as the Bullet Group. Its components appear to be clearly separated, with the hot gas partitioned from the rest of the mass within the group. This is the smallest object ever found to show such an effect,...

Testing Einstein's Theory Of Relativity Through Cosmic Microwave Measurements
2014-05-14 08:27:34

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online What do you get when you combine polarized radiation with Einstein's theory of general relativity? According to a group of astrophysicists at UC San Diego, you just might get more accurate estimates for the mass of ghostly subatomic particles known as neutrinos. The study, published in Physical Review Letters, measures the distortions in polarized radiation from the early universe and demonstrates that these ancient microwaves can...

Supernovae Used To Gauge The Power Of Cosmic Lenses
2014-05-02 06:38:10

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Two teams of astronomers have used the Hubble Space Telescope to observe distant exploding stars, and their research could help determine the power of naturally-occurring “cosmic lenses” than can be used to magnify objects in the far-off universe, NASA officials announced on Thursday. The scientists, who are working independently, have studied three supernovae using the phenomenon of gravitational lensing, which causes the...

2014-05-01 16:20:59

WASHINGTON, May 1, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Distant exploding stars observed by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope are providing astronomers with a powerful tool to determine the strength of naturally-occurring "cosmic lenses" that are used to magnify objects in the remote universe. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnvar/20081007/38461LOGO Two teams of astronomers, working independently, observed three such exploding stars, called supernovae. Their light was amplified by the immense...

Gravitational Lensing Confirmed As Source Of Super-Luminous Supernova
2014-04-25 08:51:29

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Four years ago a team of scientists observed a supernova – PS1-10afx – shining brighter than any other in its class. Reporting the observation last year in the Astrophysics Journal Letters, University of Tokyo researchers said they had discovered the first Type Ia Supernova (SNIa) that exploded more than nine billion years ago. Now, the same team of researchers, led by Robert Quimby, of the University of Tokyo’s Kavli...

Brightening Star Offers Astronomers New Way To Study Binary Systems
2014-04-22 10:48:49

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Researchers searching for planets orbiting around a distant star look for a signature dimming of that star’s light, but what if the distant star suddenly gets a bit brighter? Astronomers from the University of Washington observed just such a phenomenon, but instead of concluding they had found an ‘upside-down’ planet, the scientists realized they had found a new way to study binary star systems, according to their report...

Hubble Images Cross-Section Of The Universe
2014-04-17 12:40:22

[ Watch the Video: Zooming In On CLASS B1608+656 ] ESA/NASA An image of a galaxy cluster taken by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope gives a remarkable cross-section of the Universe, showing objects at different distances and stages in cosmic history. They range from cosmic near neighbors to objects seen in the early years of the Universe. The 14-hour exposure shows objects around a billion times fainter than can be seen with the naked eye. This new Hubble image showcases a...


Latest Gravitational lens Reference Libraries

45_ea0b4f3c063ef1aeec4ef6fed79a5d9d
2010-09-07 17:31:13

The Bullet Cluster is made up of two colliding clusters galaxies. According to a 2006 study, the Bullet Cluster also shows the best evidence for the existence of Dark Matter. From observations of galaxy cluster collisions it has been found that many show displacement between their center of visible matter and their gravitational potential. Each component, stars, gas, and dark matter, within a cluster pair behaves differently during a collision allowing for each to be studied separately....

45_274ba7ddcce89663fc213d79e864e44b
2010-09-07 17:03:18

The Abell 520 galaxy cluster is an strange structure formed by a major merger. Due to its odd and chaotic nature it has been given the nick-name the Train Wreck Cluster. The Dark Matter within the cluster does not act as expected like it does in other clusters, therefore, Abell 520 creates problems for many of the prevailing theories about Dark Matter. It also disrupts many alternative theories of modified gravity. Similar to the Bullet Cluster the gas contents and galaxies within the...

67_d2968798d508f86b18fbbe3396553cd4
2010-09-13 16:46:47

The cluster CL0024+17, located in Pisces, is a galaxy cluster that is allowing astronomers to probe the distribution of dark matter in space. Dark matter does not reflect light and therefore cannot be seen. It is only detectable by the way its gravity affects the lights around it. Using gravitational lensing astronomers observe the distorted light around the dark matter and are able to tell where it is located within a cluster. A dark matter ring found near the cluster's center, by...

6_da99fb8ccd6eba27f4bcf7590775bd272
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Massive Compact Halo Object (MACHO) -- Massive compact halo objects, or MACHOs, are a type of astronomical body proposed as one possible explanation for the presence of dark matter in galactic halos. A MACHO is a small chunk of normal baryonic matter, far smaller than a star, which drifts through interstellar space unassociated with any solar system. Since MACHOs would not emit any light of their own, they would be very hard to detect. Recent work has suggested that MACHOs are not...

6_fec4ca0e97baf4ce0833c41b1e6be5e62
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Gravitational Lens -- A gravitational lens is formed when the light from a very distant, bright object (such as a quasar) is "bent" around a massive object (such as a massive galaxy) between the bright object and the viewer. The process is known as gravitational lensing, and was one of the predictions made by Einstein's general relativity. Description In a gravitational lens, the gravity from the massive object bends light as a lens might. As a result, the path of the light from a...

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Word of the Day
glogg
  • Scandinavian punch made of claret and aquavit with spices and raisins and orange peel and sugar.
This word comes from the Swedish 'glogg,' which is an alteration of 'glodgat,' mulled (wine).
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