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Latest Gravitational lensing Stories

20fdee4c6050daa455f46419bdf8e7aa
2011-06-29 07:57:42

Gravitational Lensing by Clusters of Galaxies Yet another independent line of evidence points to the dominance of dark matter in galaxy clusters. According to Einstein's theory of general relativity, space is curved in the vicinity of strong gravitational fields. One consequence of the warping of space by gravity is that the path of light from background galaxies is bent when it passes near a cluster, in much the same way that a glass lens will bend light. The images of the galaxies are...

2011-05-18 12:00:00

WASHINGTON, May 18, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Astronomers, including a NASA-funded team member, have discovered a new class of Jupiter-sized planets floating alone in the dark of space, away from the light of a star. The team believes these lone worlds probably were ejected from developing planetary systems. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) The discovery is based on a joint Japan-New Zealand survey that scanned the center of the Milky Way galaxy during...

537db2a8cdef148183a1ca15b9905377
2011-01-12 13:49:33

Astronomers who survey galaxies in the distant universe are getting some unexpected help from gravity, according to a new study. In a presentation at the American Astronomical Society meeting this week and a related paper in the current issue of the journal Nature, researchers say that as many as 20 percent of the most distant galaxies currently detected appear brighter than they actually are, because of an effect called "strong gravitational lensing." The discovery could change astronomers'...

43b1ea9ecc650504b0ee9917e84de639
2010-12-06 13:45:00

Cosmologists have come up with a new way to solve their problems. They are inviting scientists, including those from totally unrelated fields, to participate in a grand competition. The idea is to spur outside interest in one of cosmology's trickiest problems -- measuring the invisible dark matter and dark energy that permeate our universe. The results will help in the development of new space missions, designed to answer fundamental questions about the history and fate of our universe....

ab73a6bf9d0947941c2a6664c16de0701
2010-11-11 12:50:00

Astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope took advantage of a giant cosmic magnifying glass to create one of the sharpest and most detailed maps of dark matter in the universe. Dark matter is an invisible and unknown substance that makes up the bulk of the universe's mass. The new dark matter observations may yield new insights into the role of dark energy in the universe's early formative years. The result suggests that galaxy clusters may have formed earlier than expected, before the...

fe49476d7ff2b9795b09f32d438085fc1
2010-08-19 14:52:35

Astronomers have devised a new method for measuring perhaps the greatest puzzle of our universe "” dark energy. This mysterious force, discovered in 1998, is pushing our universe apart at ever-increasing speeds.For the first time, astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope were able to take advantage of a giant magnifying lens in space "” a massive cluster of galaxies "” to narrow in on the nature of dark energy. Their calculations, when combined with data from other...

8a90643cf6888275ab6c96410e9e1eda
2010-07-16 07:58:07

Astronomers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) and Ecole Polytechnique F©d©rale de Lausanne (EPFL) in Switzerland have discovered the first known case of a distant galaxy being magnified by a quasar acting as a gravitational lens. The discovery, based in part on observations done at the W. M. Keck Observatory on Hawaii's Mauna Kea, is being published July 16 in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics. Quasars, which are extraordinary luminous objects in the distant...

1ff02c5f2a78a35cc9b26a407f0b990b1
2010-05-05 09:05:00

A new wide-field image released today by ESO displays many thousands of distant galaxies, and more particularly a large group belonging to the massive galaxy cluster known as Abell 315. As crowded as it may appear, this assembly of galaxies is only the proverbial "tip of the iceberg", as Abell 315 "” like most galaxy clusters "” is dominated by dark matter. The huge mass of this cluster deflects light from background galaxies, distorting their observed shapes slightly. When...

06085b6db9a6a6e2518b778798490e9d1
2010-03-25 07:35:00

A group of astronomers [1], led by Tim Schrabback of the Leiden Observatory, conducted an intensive study of over 446 000 galaxies within the COSMOS field, the result of the largest survey ever conducted with Hubble. In making the COSMOS survey, Hubble photographed 575 slightly overlapping views of the same part of the Universe using the Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) onboard Hubble. It took nearly 1000 hours of observations. In addition to the Hubble data, researchers used redshift [2]...

5001c1411ea42692549906de32bd4d7a
2010-03-01 10:45:00

Using entire galaxies as lenses to look at other galaxies, researchers have a newly precise way to measure the size and age of the universe and how rapidly it is expanding, on par with other techniques. The measurement determines a value for the Hubble constant, which indicates the size of the universe, and confirms the age of the universe as 13.75 billion years old, within 170 million years. The results also confirm the strength of dark energy, responsible for accelerating the expansion of...


Latest Gravitational lensing Reference Libraries

67_d2968798d508f86b18fbbe3396553cd4
2010-09-13 16:46:47

The cluster CL0024+17, located in Pisces, is a galaxy cluster that is allowing astronomers to probe the distribution of dark matter in space. Dark matter does not reflect light and therefore cannot be seen. It is only detectable by the way its gravity affects the lights around it. Using gravitational lensing astronomers observe the distorted light around the dark matter and are able to tell where it is located within a cluster. A dark matter ring found near the cluster's center, by...

6_fec4ca0e97baf4ce0833c41b1e6be5e62
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Gravitational Lens -- A gravitational lens is formed when the light from a very distant, bright object (such as a quasar) is "bent" around a massive object (such as a massive galaxy) between the bright object and the viewer. The process is known as gravitational lensing, and was one of the predictions made by Einstein's general relativity. Description In a gravitational lens, the gravity from the massive object bends light as a lens might. As a result, the path of the light from a...

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snash
  • To talk saucily.
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This word is Scots in origin and probably imitative.