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Latest Greenland Stories

2009-03-30 13:34:43

The U.S. space agency announced the start Monday of a monthlong Arctic research mission using aircraft to measure the thickness of Greenland's ice sheet. The mission is the first of two National Aeronautics and Space Administration airborne field campaigns in the Arctic to closely inspect the Greenland and Iceland ice sheets and that region's sea ice and glaciers. NASA's Ice, Cloud and land Elevation Satellite, known as ICESat, is completing a seasonal study of the Earth's ice sheets to gauge...

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2009-03-30 14:26:54

Although the International Polar Year officially came to a close in February, NASA is continuing to push the frontiers of polar science from space, the air and the surface of ice. On Monday, NASA embarks on the first of two airborne field campaigns in the Arctic to take a closer look at Greenland and Iceland ice sheets and the region's sea ice and glaciers. From space, NASA's Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite, known as ICESat, is completing a seasonal survey of the world's ice sheets...

2009-02-19 08:49:00

Licensing round ongoing for largest accessible, undrilled oil frontier REYKJAVIK, Iceland, Feb. 19 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Evidence is growing that oil may be found in the Dreki area, northeast of Iceland. Recent seismic studies and re-evaluation of available data indicate the presence of thick Mesozoic sediments, similar to those found in the adjacent and geologically-related oil areas of Norway and Greenland. Surface pockmarks, which are known to cluster around major hydrocarbon fields...

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2009-02-16 15:42:18

The Greenland and Antarctica ice sheets are melting, but the amounts that will melt and the time it will take are still unknown, according to Richard Alley, Evan Pugh professor of geosciences, Penn State. In the past, the Greenland ice sheet has grown when its surroundings cooled, shrunk when its surroundings warmed and even disappeared completely when the temperatures became warm enough. If the ice sheet on Greenland melts, sea level will rise about 23 feet, which will inundate portions of...

2009-02-16 11:04:04

A U.S. geoscientist says although it's known the Greenland and Antarctica ice sheets are melting, how much ice will melt is undetermined. Penn State Professor Richard Alley said if Greenland's ice sheet melts, sea level will rise about 23 feet, which will inundate portions of nearly all continental shores. However, Antarctica, containing much more water, could add another 190 feet to sea level. We do not think that we will lose all, or even most, of Antarctica's ice sheet, said Alley. But...

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2008-12-16 13:25:00

Recently-reported NASA satellite data shows that Greenland, Antarctica and Alaska have shed more than 2 trillion tons of land ice since 2003. Scientists said the data collected by NASA's GRACE satellite show signs of global climate change. NASA geophysicist Scott Luthcke said more than half of the loss of landlocked ice in the past five years has occurred in Greenland, based on measurements of ice weight. That's enough melted water to fill up about 11 Chesapeake Bays, he said, and the...

2008-12-15 10:06:39

 Researchers watching the loss of ice flowing out from the giant island of Greenland say that the amount of ice lost this summer is nearly three times what was lost one year ago.The loss of floating ice in 2008 pouring from Greenland's glaciers would cover an area twice the size of Manhattan Island in the U.S., they said."We now know that the climate doesn't have to warm any more for Greenland to continue losing ice," Box said.  "It has probably passed the point where it could...

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2008-11-28 12:55:00

Scientists have developed computer models that are useful in predicting how fast icebergs break off Antarctica and Greenland. Researchers hope the discovery will enable them to predict rising sea levels due to global warming caused by the burning of fossil fuels. "To predict the future of the ice sheet and to understand the past, we have to put the information into a computer," says Richard B. Alley, the Evan Pugh professor of geosciences at Pennsylvania State University. "The models we have...

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2008-11-20 12:30:00

The European Union said on Thursday that the Arctic offers new energy and fishing resources as a result of global warming and new technology. The EU executive said melting ice also presented new navigation possibilities, such as a short route to the Pacific Ocean. The report detailed how the rapid recession of sea ice, snow cover and permafrost were helping to accelerate global warming and the loss from the Greenland ice sheet would bring a swift rise in sea levels. It suggested that states...

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2008-11-13 08:40:00

Observations from satellites now allow scientists to monitor changes to water levels in the sea, in rivers and lakes, in ice sheets and even under the ground. As the climate changes, this information will be crucial for monitoring its effects and predicting future impacts in different regions. Sea level rise in one of the major consequences of global warming, but it is much more difficult to model and predict than temperature. It involves the oceans and their interaction with the atmosphere,...


Latest Greenland Reference Libraries

Erik The Red
2014-01-06 11:48:00

Known as Erik the Red, Erik Thorvaldsson is remembered in medieval and Icelandic saga sources as having founded the first Norse settlement in Greenland. The Icelandic tradition signifies that he was born in Rogaland, Norway. The designation “the Red” probably refers to his hair or his beard color. Leif Ericson, the well-known Icelandic explorer, was Erik’s son. When Erik the Red’s father was exiled from Norway due to manslaughter, he sailed west from Norway accompanied by...

Leif Ericson
2014-01-06 10:25:39

Leif Ericson was a Norse explorer seen as the first European to land in North America nearly 500 years prior to Christopher Columbus. According to the Sagas of Icelanders, he established a Norse settlement at Vinland, identified with the Norse L’Anse aux Meadows on the northern point of Newfoundland in modern-day Canada. It is believed that Leif was born in Iceland around the 970’s - the son of father Erik the Red, an explorer and outlaw from Western Norway. Erik founded the first...

Harp Seal
2013-05-01 15:08:34

The harp seal (Pagophilus groenlandicus), also known as the saddleback seal, is a true seal in the Phocidae family. It is native to northern areas of the Atlantic Ocean and to some areas of the Arctic Ocean. Its scientific name means "ice-lover from Greenland,” and it was previously classified within Phoca genus, although studies have shown that it is unique enough to be in a distinct genus. It holds two recognized subspecies, P. groenlandicus groenlandicus and P. groenlandicus oceanicus....

Baffin Bay
2013-04-18 13:21:50

Baffin Bay, which is located between Baffin Island and the southwest coast of Greenland, is a marginal sea of the North Atlantic Ocean. It’s connected to the Atlantic by Davis Strait and the Labrador Sea. A narrower Nares Strait connects the Baffin Bay with the Arctic Ocean. The Baffin Bay is an arm of the Atlantic Ocean that is bordered by Baffin Island towards the west, Greenland towards the east, and Ellesmere Island towards the north. It is connected to the Atlantic through the Davis...

Muskox, Ovibos moschatus
2012-10-01 10:05:00

The muskox (Ovibos moschatus), also known as the musk ox, is native to the Arctic areas of Canada, United Sates, and Greenland. Populations have been introduced into Norway, Sweden, and Siberia, but these are small. There was a population in Antarctica, but it was wiped out due to hunting and climate change, which caused its habitat to decline. Despite this, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service introduced a new population onto Nunivak Island in Antarctica, as a means of supported...

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