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Last updated on April 20, 2014 at 8:28 EDT

Greenland Reference Libraries

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Erik The Red
2014-01-06 11:48:00

Known as Erik the Red, Erik Thorvaldsson is remembered in medieval and Icelandic saga sources as having founded the first Norse settlement in Greenland. The Icelandic tradition signifies that he was born in Rogaland, Norway. The designation “the Red” probably refers to his hair or his beard color. Leif Ericson, the well-known Icelandic explorer, was Erik’s son. When Erik the...

Leif Ericson
2014-01-06 10:25:39

Leif Ericson was a Norse explorer seen as the first European to land in North America nearly 500 years prior to Christopher Columbus. According to the Sagas of Icelanders, he established a Norse settlement at Vinland, identified with the Norse L’Anse aux Meadows on the northern point of Newfoundland in modern-day Canada. It is believed that Leif was born in Iceland around the 970’s - the...

Harp Seal Pagophilus groenlandicus
2013-05-01 15:08:34

The harp seal (Pagophilus groenlandicus), also known as the saddleback seal, is a true seal in the Phocidae family. It is native to northern areas of the Atlantic Ocean and to some areas of the Arctic Ocean. Its scientific name means "ice-lover from Greenland,” and it was previously classified within Phoca genus, although studies have shown that it is unique enough to be in a distinct genus....

Baffin Bay
2013-04-18 13:21:50

Baffin Bay, which is located between Baffin Island and the southwest coast of Greenland, is a marginal sea of the North Atlantic Ocean. It’s connected to the Atlantic by Davis Strait and the Labrador Sea. A narrower Nares Strait connects the Baffin Bay with the Arctic Ocean. The Baffin Bay is an arm of the Atlantic Ocean that is bordered by Baffin Island towards the west, Greenland towards...

Muskox Ovibos moschatus
2012-10-01 10:05:00

The muskox (Ovibos moschatus), also known as the musk ox, is native to the Arctic areas of Canada, United Sates, and Greenland. Populations have been introduced into Norway, Sweden, and Siberia, but these are small. There was a population in Antarctica, but it was wiped out due to hunting and climate change, which caused its habitat to decline. Despite this, the United States Fish and Wildlife...

2012-06-14 09:22:33

Symbol: STGR8 Group: Lichen Family: Stereocaulaceae Growth Habit: Lichenous Native Status: NA    N Classification:       Kingdom   Fungi – Fungi Division   Ascomycota – Sac fungi Class   Ascomycetes Order   Lecanorales Family   Stereocaulaceae Genus   Stereocaulon Hoffm. – snow lichen Species...

2012-06-14 09:50:39

Symbol: SIGR8 Group: Monocot Family: Iridaceae Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Forb/herb Native Status: GL    N Distribution: SisyrinchiumgroenlandicumBöcher distribution:DEN(GL) Classification:       Kingdom   Plantae – Plants Subkingdom   Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision   Spermatophyta – Seed...

2012-06-14 11:38:37

Symbol: RAAU7 Group: Dicot Family: Ranunculaceae Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Forb/herb Native Status: AK    N GL    N Synonyms:   RAAUG2 Ranunculus auricomus L. var. glabratus Lynge   RAAUT2 Ranunculus auricomus L. var. typicus G. Beck Distribution: County distributions for the following U.S. states are available at PLANTS:AK Classification:...

2012-06-14 11:55:14

Symbol: PUGR3 Group: Monocot Family: Poaceae Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Graminoid Native Status: GL    N Synonyms:   PHGR13 Phippsia groenlandica (T.J. Sørensen) Á. Löve & D. Löve Distribution: PuccinelliagroenlandicaT.J. Sørensen distribution:DEN(GL) Classification:       Kingdom   Plantae – Plants...

2012-06-14 12:14:56

Symbol: PREG Group: Dicot Family: Primulaceae Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Forb/herb Native Status: L48    N AK    N CAN    N GL    N Synonyms:   PRGR3 Primula groenlandica (Warming) W.W. Sm. & G. Forrest Distribution: County distributions for the following U.S. states are available at PLANTS:AK, CO, WY Classification:...