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Ground squirrels Reference Libraries

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Franklins Ground Squirrel Poliocitellus franklinii
2012-07-27 11:27:11

Franklin’s ground squirrel (Poliocitellus franklinii) is native to the northern area of the United States and Canada, inhabiting tall grasses on the American prairie. Joseph Sabine who named it after Sir John Franklin, a British Arctic explorer, first described this squirrel in 1822. Previously, it was classified in the Spermophilus genus, within its own subgenus. However, genetic testing...

Spotted Ground Squirrel Xerospermophilus spilosoma
2012-07-25 13:55:23

The spotted ground squirrel (Xerospermophilus spilosoma) is native to west and central United States and south and central Mexico. Its United States range includes Nebraska, South Dakota, western Texas, western Kansas, eastern Arizona and most of New Mexico. Its preferred habitat includes deep, sandy soil with limited vegetation. It can be found in burrows within sand hills, and may occupy...

Mojave Ground Squirrel Xerospermophilus mohavensis
2012-07-25 13:51:49

The Mojave ground squirrel (Xerospermophilus mohavensis) is native only to the Mojave Desert in California. Frank Stephens discovered this squirrel in 1886. Its range includes areas of Inyo, Los Angeles, San Bernardino, and Kern counties. It can be found in Joshua tree woodlands, saltbush scrub, Mojave mixed woody scrub, and saltbush scrub. The preferred habitat of the Mojave ground squirrel...

Black-tailed Prairie Dog Cynomys ludovicianus
2012-07-25 06:59:18

The black-tailed prairie dog (Cynomys ludovicianus) is native to the United States, occurring in the Great Plains to both the border of Canada and Mexico. Its range includes areas in Mexico, but no longer includes Arizona. This species was one of two prairie dog species to be described by Lewis and Clark on their famous expedition. It prefers a habitat within grasslands, but their habitat...

Mexican Prairie Dog Cynomys mexicanus
2012-07-22 13:09:39

The Mexican prairie dog (Cynomys mexicanus) is a rodent that is native to Mexico. It is related to squirrels and chipmunks. These prairie dogs prefer to burrow in soil without rocks on plains, and can live at altitudes between 5,250 and 7,200 feet. Its northern range includes San Luis Potosi and its southern range includes areas of Coahuila. The Mexican prairie dog can reach an average body...

Cape Ground Squirrel Xerus inauris
2012-06-18 16:30:51

The Cape ground squirrel (Xerus inauris) is native to southern areas of Africa. Its range includes South Africa, Botswana, and Namibia, although it does not occur in coastal areas of this region. In Botswana, it occurs in southwestern Kalahari, and in South Africa, it occurs in south and south central areas. The name of the Cape ground squirrel is misleading, as its range is much larger than...

San Joaquin Antelope Squirrel
2012-04-24 05:16:58

The San Joaquin antelope squirrel, also known as Nelson’s antelope squirrel, is native to the San Joaquin Valley in California. This squirrel lives on slopes and ridge tops, inhabiting the western edge of the valley. The range of the San Joaquin antelope squirrel has grown smaller, resulting in its status of endangered. The original habitat of this antelope squirrel, Carrizo Plain, is where...

White Tailed Prairie Dog Cynomys leucurus
2012-04-23 07:58:25

The white tailed prairie dog (Cynomys leucurus) is located in western Colorado, western Wyoming, and in small areas in southern Montana and eastern Utah.  In Wyoming, where the largest populations are located, they are colloquially called “chiselers”. The white tailed prairie dog is tannish brown in color, with a white tipped tail and large eyes. Above and below each eye is a dark cheek...

Townsends Ground Squirrel Urocitellus townsendii
2012-04-23 07:42:28

The Townsend’s ground squirrel, or Urocitellus townsendii, can be found in many areas of the United States. The range of this squirrel includes south-central Washington, western Utah, east Oregon, southern Idaho, and most of Nevada. They can also be found in the eastern extremities of California. There are seven subspecies of this type of squirrel including Merriam’s ground squirrel and...

Idaho Ground Squirrel Urocitellus brunneus
2012-04-23 06:30:00

The Idaho ground squirrel (Urocitellus brunneus), also called the Idaho Spotted ground squirrel, is one of the largest of the ground squirrel breed. It has two subspecies, both located in Idaho. Both the northern and southern Idaho ground squirrels have a sexual diphorism, where the males are usually larger than the females. This ground squirrel species generally weighs between .3 pounds and .4...

Word of the Day
megalophonous
  • Having a loud voice; vociferous; clamorous.
  • Of grand or imposing sound.
The word 'megalophonous' comes from Greek roots meaning 'big' and 'sound'.