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Cerebellum
2013-07-29 09:48:00

The cerebellum is a section of the brain that is most in charge of cognitive functions and motor skills. Formation and Orientation The cerebellum can be found at the bottom of the brain behind the pons and below that cerebral cortex under a layer of dura mater. It is considered as a part of the "hindbrain". The cerebellum is anatomically divided into two separate hemispheres, marked by...

Adjustment Disorder
2013-07-29 09:41:01

Adjustment Disorder is commonly known as situational disorder as well. It is often considered a significantly smaller situation than anxiety disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder with a usually less intense stressor than those of the more extreme disorders. Symptoms Because the disorders are similar, Adjustment Disorder and PTSD have similar symptoms like general loss of interest, a...

Acute Stress Reaction
2013-07-29 09:36:16

Acute Stress Reaction (ASR), also referred to as shock or Acute Stress Disorder (ASD), is a variation on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Symptoms ASR can often escalate to ASD. Symptoms of acute stress reaction include a change in attention, disorientation, daze and confusion. After these symptoms occur, victims suffering from ASR can often become withdrawn from their surroundings...

Generalized Anxiety Disorder
2013-07-25 15:07:54

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is an anxiety disorder with worry about normal, everyday situations such as finance, health and wellbeing in relationships (personal and work related) all lasting longer than six months. Symptoms The symptoms of GAD can include but are not limited to difficulty swallowing, rashes, shortness of breath, fidgeting, headaches, tension, nausea, etc. In order...

Duodenal Atresia
2013-07-19 15:38:56

Duodenal atresia is a congenital closure of the lumen of the duodenum, which is the first portion of the small intestine and is separated from the stomach by the pyloric sphincter. During fetal development, the duodenum develops from the posterior portion of the foregut and the anterior portion of the midgut. The liver and pancreas originate from the diverticulum arising from the ventral part...

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
2013-07-19 15:31:29

Posttraumatic stress disorder (commonly known as PTSD) is a severe anxiety disorder characterized by adverse anxiety-related experiences, behaviors, and physiological responses that results from exposure to an event that causes psychological trauma. Examples of events that could lead to PTSD include the threat of harm or death to oneself or to someone else, or witnessing an event that...

Marfans Syndrome
2013-07-19 15:22:33

Marfan's syndrome is a genetic disorder of the connective tissue that causes excessively tall stature and long extremities. It is carried by the gene FBN1, which encodes the connective protein fibrillin-1, and is a dominant trait. The human genetic makeup contains a pair of FBN1 genes, so because of its dominance, inheriting one affected FBN1 gene from either parent will result in Marfan's...

Cystic Fibrosis
2013-07-19 15:03:45

Cystic fibrosis, also called mucoviscidosis, is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder of the viscous secretions in the body. In turn, it effects the lungs, pancreas, liver, and intestines, as well as all other exocrine glands in the body. The most common genetic mutation that causes CF is a deletion of three nucleotides that results in a loss of phenylalanine, an amino acid at the 508th...

Trichuris suis
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Trichuris suis is a species of whipworm that is classified within the Nematoda phylum. It can be found in warm tropical regions throughout the world but is rare in arid regions. Males reach an average body length between 1.1 and 1.5 inches, while females reach an average length between 2.3 and 3.1 inches. This species, and other members of the Trichuris genus, was given its common name because...

Schistosoma mansoni
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Schistosoma mansoni is a species of parasitic worm, classified within the Platyhelminthes phylum, which affects an estimated 83.31 million throughout the world. This species is the most populous of all members of its genus, occurring in fifty-four countries including areas like Africa, the Middle East, South America, and the Caribbean. This species causes intestinal schistosomiasis in humans....

Word of the Day
vermicular
  • Like a worm in form or movement; vermiform; tortuous or sinuous; also, writhing or wriggling.
  • Like the track or trace of a worm; appearing as if worm-eaten; vermiculate.
  • Marked with fine, close-set, wavy or tortuous lines of color; vermiculated.
  • A form of rusticated masonry which is so wrought as to appear thickly indented with worm-tracks.
This word ultimately comes from the Latin 'vermis,' worm.
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