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Last updated on April 18, 2014 at 21:21 EDT

Health Medical Pharma Reference Libraries

Page 5 of about 390 Articles
Intravenous Therapy
2013-04-30 13:16:16

Intravenous therapy, commonly known as IV therapy, is known as the administration of a liquid substance directly into a vein. It is also known as drip therapy, because most often the liquid is suspended above the IV site by an infusion pump, and runs through a drip chamber, which prevents air from entering the line. IVs are the preferred method of drug administration in hospital settings...

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
2013-04-30 13:11:12

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation, also known as ECMO, is best described as long term life support occurring outside the patient’s body. It should be noted, however, that ECMO is temporary and typically lasts three to ten days on average. ECMO is a means of oxygenating blood without it having to circulate inside the body, and thus allows time for essential recovery of the heart and lungs....

Pituitary gland
2013-04-30 10:34:49

The pituitary gland, also called the hypophysis, is an endocrine organ found within a small, bony cavity at the base of the brain. Its primary function is to secrete hormones that regulate homeostasis. More specifically, the pituitary gland is a glandular structure about the size of a pea. It is located below the brain and above the nasal cavity in a protected pocket called the sella...

Pineal Gland
2013-04-30 10:31:18

The pineal gland, also called the epiphysis cerebri, is an endocrine organ located in the brain. Its primary function is to regulate the sleep cycle and influence sexual development. It is a reddish-gray glandular structure that forms the roof of the third ventricle in the brain, between the two lateral ventricles, tucked in a groove near the thalamic bodies. Its body is relatively the size of...

Oxygen Therapy
2013-04-30 10:27:06

Oxygen therapy is known as the administration of oxygen as a medical intervention. It is indicated in patients whose oxygen supply is compromised due to both acute and chronic health conditions and can be administered in many different ways. Oxygen therapy can be administered virtually wherever the patient is. Most commonly, oxygen is delivered to patients in an ambulance, hospital, or...

General Surgery
2013-04-30 10:15:33

General surgery is a specialty that concentrates on the esophagus, stomach, small bowel, colon, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, bile ducts and the thyroid gland. This specialty also deals with skin, breast, soft tissue and hernia related diseases. General Surgeons have the opportunity to subspecialize in one or more of the following: Trauma Surgery: Trauma surgery is the specialty that...

Aortography
2013-04-30 10:09:04

Aortography is the study of the specific action involving the ejection of blood from the aorta in the heart. Taking an aortogram from the patient could identify if there is a tear in the intimal wall of the aorta. This tear is eventually fatal but can be repaired in some cases. Procedure A catheter is placed in the aorta of the patient, usually through the femoral artery. Once in place a...

Cryosurgery
2013-04-30 10:04:11

Cryosurgery is the use of extreme cold to remove unhealthy and irregular tissues from the body. Cryosurgery is a non-invasive form of surgery that leaves hardly any scarring, has a low cost and minimal pain. When to Use Cryosurgery Cryosurgery has commonly been used to treat a lot of skin conditions; malignant and benign. It is also used to treat warts, moles, skin tags, solar keratosis,...

Laminotomy
2013-04-30 09:59:37

Laminotomy is a procedure that works to decompress the spinal nerve root and/ or spinal cord by removing part of a lamina of the vertebral arch. This started as a hemilaminectomy which is the removal of half of the lamina, left or right, but now is the removal of portions of both sides of the lamina to allow for vertebral stability. Laminotomy is most often accompanied by a facetectomy which...

Electrocardiography
2013-04-30 09:55:53

Electrocardiography, sometimes called ECG or EKG, is a measurement of the electrical activity of the heart as the linear process unfolds. With the use of electrodes that are attached to the skin, this non-invasive test can provide vast information as to the patient’s status. By leaving the electrodes attached, the patient’s status can be monitored over intervals of time and recorded on the...