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Last updated on April 18, 2014 at 13:32 EDT

Health Medical Pharma Reference Libraries

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Dwarf Tapeworm Hymenolepis nana
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The dwarf tapeworm (Hymenolepis nana) is a species of tapeworm that is classified in the Platyhelminthes phylum. It once held three other scientific names including Vampirolepis nana and Taenia nana. It is found throughout the world but occurs most often in temperate regions. As its common name implies, the dwarf tapeworm is small, reaching an average body length of 1.5 inches. The head, or...

Ovaries
2013-03-05 14:55:04

The ovaries are the two reproductive female organs where the eggs are produced. These are parallel to the testes in men. Formation and Orientation Each ovary is the size of an almond and is located on one side of the pelvis before the ureter and internal iliac artery but after the external iliac artery. They are attached to either side of the uterus. They are connected and release eggs to...

Nail
2013-03-05 14:40:49

Nails are found on the fingers and toes alike. Formation and Orientation Nails are made of the protein keratin, much like hair as they are related, which is tough and strong and able to protect the ends of the fingers they cover. The nail plate, nail matrix, the nail sinus and the nail bed all make up the nail. The matrix is broken up into two sections; the nonvisible layer is simply...

Mouth
2013-03-05 14:37:32

The mouth is the beginning of the digestive system which takes in food and mixes it with saliva produced by glands located in the mouth. Formation and Orientation The first part of the mouth is the mouth cavity which contains the teeth and is limited by the lips, the roof, which is the hard and soft palate, and the floor of the mouth. This is the space where food is kept before it moves...

Gall Bladder
2013-03-05 14:18:48

The gall bladder is the sac-shaped organ that is the passage between the liver and intestine where bile is held. Formation and Orientation The gall bladder is relatively 8 cm by 4 cm when fully formed. The gallbladder is angled between the rectus abdominis muscle and the costal margin. It is hollow and is made up of three parts; the fundus, the body and the neck. The fundus is the part...

Brain
2013-03-05 13:54:00

Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin...

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy
2013-03-04 16:24:04

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) is the noninvasive treatment of kidney stones, stones in the gallbladder as well as calcium build ups in the liver using acoustic pulses. Procedure A lithotriptor breaks up the calcium stones without damage being done to the patient through the use of high-intensity, externally-applied, focused acoustic pulses. By laying the patient down on...

Interventional Radiology
2013-03-04 16:18:42

Interventional radiology (IR) is a special sub-operation under general radiology. It is used to find, diagnose and treat a disease in almost every body system. The process of interventional radiology is very noninvasive to help with the recovery and outcome of the procedure. It utilizes x-rays, CT, ultrasound, MRI, and other modes of imaging in order to direct tools in the body as well as a...

Nicotine Replacement Therapy
2013-03-04 16:06:28

Nicotine replacement therapy is the administration of nicotine by other means than smoking. This change in the way nicotine is delivered prevents the harmful effects of smoking and is usually used in smoking cessation. Types Nicotine replacement therapy can be administered in several forms. The type used depends on the patient and what fits into their lifestyle best. The forms available...

Endoluminal Capsule Monitoring
2013-03-04 16:02:35

Endoluminal capsule monitoring is categorized as a non-invasive medical procedure used in diagnosing and monitoring the progression of abnormalities in the gastrointestinal system. Procedure Once the need is identified to monitor the gastrointestinal system and the patient has a working system, they will ingest a water-tight capsule that contains a miniaturized wireless radio transmitter....