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Herpetology Reference Libraries

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African Clawed Frog Xenopus laevis
2014-08-18 16:16:15

The African clawed frog is found in its natural habitat throughout Africa. However, it has been introduced in North America, South America and Europe. This species is fully aquatic and is found abundantly in ponds, lakes, and rivers. The body color of the African clawed frog is a greenish grey and the skin is smooth and slippery with blotches of grey or brown on the back. The belly is a...

Congo Dwarf Clawed Frog Hymenochirus boettgeri
2014-08-18 16:11:58

The Congo dwarf clawed frog is one of four species belonging to the African dwarf frog genus. It is native to central Africa and lives primarily in shallow freshwater creeks, flooded areas during the rainy season, and ponds. The Congo dwarf clawed frog can only live out of water for a short period of time, or it will dry up and die. It lives underwater and will only surface to take in oxygen....

Iberian Parsley Frog Pelodytes ibericus
2014-08-18 16:03:48

The Iberian parsley frog is native to Spain and Portugal. The natural habitat for this species is temperate forests, shrubby vegetation, rivers, lakes, marshes, pastures, ponds, ditches and canals. The Iberian parsley frog grows to about 1.5 to two inches long. The body color ranges from olive to grey with bright green spots and covered with numerous warts. The name of this species derives...

European Fire-bellied Toad Bombina bombina
2014-08-15 11:36:05

The European fire-bellied toad is distributed from the Central Balkans to a wide range of central and eastern Asia amidst cooler and shaded areas. This species will hibernate in dens, under stones or dead wood during the winter months. If threatened, the toad will roll on its back to display the coloration of the belly as a warning that it is poisonous. This poison also protects the toad from...

Apennine Yellow-bellied Toad Bombina pachypus
2014-08-15 11:30:01

The Apennine yellow-bellied toad is found from the southern Italian peninsula to the Apennine region. The natural habitat of this toad includes temperate forests, grassland, swamps, marshes, ponds, pastures, and seasonally flooded land. The Apennine yellow-bellied toad comes out of hibernation in the spring and mates multiple times from May to September. The coloring of this species of toad...

Surinam Toad Pipa pipa
2014-08-05 09:29:54

The Surinam Toad or Star-Fingered Toad, Pipa pipa, is a species of frog belonging to the Pipidae family. It can be found in Bolivia, Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, French Guiana, Suriname, Peru, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, tropical or subtropical swamps, freshwater marshes, swamps, and sporadic freshwater...

Couchs Spadefoot Toad Scaphiopus Couchii
2014-08-05 09:20:52

The Couch’s Spadefoot Toad, Scaphiopus couchii, is a species of North American spade foot toad. The specific nickname couchii honors an American naturalist Darius Nash Couch, who gathered the first specimen while on a personal expedition to northern Mexico to collect mineral, plant, and animal specimens for the Smithsonian Institution. It is endemic to the southwestern United States, the...

Dahls Aquatic Frog Litoria dahlii
2014-06-30 14:37:21

Dahl’s Aquatic Frog (Litoria dahlii) is a species of frog belonging to the family Hylidae. It is native to Australia. Its natural habitats include dry savanna, tropical or subtropical dry lowland grassland, freshwater lakes, intermittent freshwater lakes, freshwater marshes, and intermittent freshwater marshes. Among the more distinct traits of Dahl’s Aquatic Frog is its ability to...

Hellbender Salamander Cryptoranchus alleganiensis
2014-05-26 09:58:06

The hellbender salamander (Cryptoranchus alleganiensis), also known as the hellbender, is a species of giant salamander that can be found in eastern areas of North America. Its range includes the states of Ohio, Maryland, Virginia, Tennessee, Alabama, Arkansas, and some areas of Kansas and Oklahoma. This species is the sole member of its genus, Cryptobranchus, and is one of three living giant...

Jefferson Salamander Ambystoma jeffersonianum
2014-05-26 08:49:45

The Jefferson salamander (Ambystoma jeffersonianum) is a species of mole salamander that can be found in northeastern areas of the United States, southwestern areas of Quebec, and central and southern areas of Ontario. This species prefers to reside in deciduous forests. It was named after Jefferson College, which is located in Pennsylvania. This species reaches an average body length between...

Word of the Day
Cthulhu
  • A gigantic fictional humanoid alien god being described with a head resembling an octopus and dragon wings and claws, around whom an insane cult developed.
  • Pertaining to the mythos of Cthulhu and additional otherworldly beings created by H. P. Lovecraft or inspired by his writings and imitators.
This word was invented in 1926 by H.P. Lovecraft for his short story, 'The Call of Cthulhu.' 'Cthulhu' may be based on the word 'chthonic,' which in Greek mythology refers to the underworld.
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