Latest Historical geology Stories
While scientists have known for several years that some mammals became smaller during a period of warming known as the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum, researchers have found a second instance of mammalian “dwarfing” attributable to increasing temperatures.
The Raymond M. Alf Museum of Paleontology at The Webb Schools announced on Tuesday one of its students has discovered the youngest, most complete fossil skeleton of a Parasaurolophus.
An international team of researchers has discovered that the Earth’s oxygen content 2.1 billion years ago was the same as it was during the so-called Cambrian explosion that occurred approximately 542 years ago and resulted in the appearance of most major animal phyla.
When you think of the Antarctic, images of snow, ice and glaciers are the usual associations. We forget that it is also a region of fire, dotted with volcanoes on the mainland and the surrounding islands.
During the Ice Ages the European Alps were covered by a thick layer of ice.
New England's Native tribes, whose sustainable ways of farming, forestry, hunting and land and water management were devastated by European colonists four centuries ago, can help modern America adapt to climate change.
The degree-day model used by farmers and horticulturists to determine when it is safe to plant crops and ornamental plants could become untrustworthy as a result of global warming, according to research now appearing online in the journal Global Change Biology.
Traces of large ice sheets from the Pleistocene on a seamount off the north-eastern coast of Russia have been discovered by a team of geologists and geophysicists from the Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research.
For the first time a long temperature reconstruction on the basis of stable carbon isotopes in tree rings has been achieved for the eastern Mediterranean.
The Hula painted frog was considered extinct by the IUCN since 1996. Very little is known about the species because very few specimens have been found. In 1940 two adults and two tadpoles were collected but the smaller one was eaten by the larger one, and the tadpoles were lost. A single Hula painted frog was found in 1955 which was the last record of this specimen. The extinction of this species is said to be the result of the draining of lake Hula and its marshes in the 1950’s. Only...
Paleontology or Palaeontology is the scientific study of prehistoric life, including the study of fossils to determine the organisms evolution and interactions with each other and their environments. Paleontological observations have been documented as far back as 5th century BC. The science became established in the 18th century as a result of Georges Cuvier’s work on comparative anatomy, and it developed quickly within the 19th century. The term itself comes from Greek palaios, meaning...
Rainforests are forests that are characterized by high levels of rainfall, with definitions based on a minimum usual annual rainfall of about 68 to 78 inches. The monsoon trough, or otherwise known as the intertropical convergence zone, holds an important role in producing the climatic conditions that are essential for the Earth’s tropical rainforests. About 40 to 75 percent of all biotic species are native to the rainforests. It’s been estimated that there might be many millions of...
Climate change is a substantial and lasting change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns over periods of time ranging from decades to millions of years. It might be a change in the average weather conditions, or in the distribution of weather around the average conditions. Climate change is a result of factors that include oceanic processes, biotic processes, variations in solar radiation received buy Earth, volcanic eruptions, and plate tectonics, and human induced alterations...
The Neoproterozoic is the third of three subdivisions of the Proterozoic Eon (occurring from 1 billion years ago to 542 million years ago). This terminal era of the Proterozoic is itself divided into three sub-periods called the Tonian, Cryogenian, and Ediacaran Periods. The most severe glaciation known in the geologic record occurred during the Cryogenian Period, when ice sheets reached the equator and formed a possible “Snowball Earth.” And the earliest fossils of multi-cellular life...
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