Latest Historical geology Stories
The temperature of the Earth’s mantle during the Archean eon some four billion years ago was significantly higher than it is today, causing the crust to become unstable and drip back down into the mantle, according to research published this month in Nature Geoscience.
And according to a new study, very little of Earth's temperature variation in the past thousand years has had to do with variations in solar activity.
West Antarctica is losing weight in the form of billions of tons of ice per year, making its mantle rock softer. This rock is being nudged westward by the harder mantle beneath East Antarctica.
An asteroid or comet crashed into a shallow sea near what is now the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico approximately 65 million years ago. A firestorm and global dust cloud resulted, causing the extinction of many land plants and large animals, including most of the dinosaurs.
A Dartmouth College-led study published in the latest edition of the journal Quaternary Geochronology describes a newly discovered, more accurate method to date the soil and rock debris left behind by tropical glaciers.
An team of researchers has developed a novel method for tracking changes in Arctic sea ice through the analysis of growth layers of seafloor algae.
The integration of Pangea that began during the early Permian period may have caused the environment to deteriorate, playing a role in the mass extinction event that occurred 250 million years ago.
While scientists have known for several years that some mammals became smaller during a period of warming known as the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum, researchers have found a second instance of mammalian “dwarfing” attributable to increasing temperatures.
The Raymond M. Alf Museum of Paleontology at The Webb Schools announced on Tuesday one of its students has discovered the youngest, most complete fossil skeleton of a Parasaurolophus.
An international team of researchers has discovered that the Earth’s oxygen content 2.1 billion years ago was the same as it was during the so-called Cambrian explosion that occurred approximately 542 years ago and resulted in the appearance of most major animal phyla.
The Hula painted frog was considered extinct by the IUCN since 1996. Very little is known about the species because very few specimens have been found. In 1940 two adults and two tadpoles were collected but the smaller one was eaten by the larger one, and the tadpoles were lost. A single Hula painted frog was found in 1955 which was the last record of this specimen. The extinction of this species is said to be the result of the draining of lake Hula and its marshes in the 1950’s. Only...
Paleontology or Palaeontology is the scientific study of prehistoric life, including the study of fossils to determine the organisms evolution and interactions with each other and their environments. Paleontological observations have been documented as far back as 5th century BC. The science became established in the 18th century as a result of Georges Cuvier’s work on comparative anatomy, and it developed quickly within the 19th century. The term itself comes from Greek palaios, meaning...
Rainforests are forests that are characterized by high levels of rainfall, with definitions based on a minimum usual annual rainfall of about 68 to 78 inches. The monsoon trough, or otherwise known as the intertropical convergence zone, holds an important role in producing the climatic conditions that are essential for the Earth’s tropical rainforests. About 40 to 75 percent of all biotic species are native to the rainforests. It’s been estimated that there might be many millions of...
Climate change is a substantial and lasting change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns over periods of time ranging from decades to millions of years. It might be a change in the average weather conditions, or in the distribution of weather around the average conditions. Climate change is a result of factors that include oceanic processes, biotic processes, variations in solar radiation received buy Earth, volcanic eruptions, and plate tectonics, and human induced alterations...
The Neoproterozoic is the third of three subdivisions of the Proterozoic Eon (occurring from 1 billion years ago to 542 million years ago). This terminal era of the Proterozoic is itself divided into three sub-periods called the Tonian, Cryogenian, and Ediacaran Periods. The most severe glaciation known in the geologic record occurred during the Cryogenian Period, when ice sheets reached the equator and formed a possible “Snowball Earth.” And the earliest fossils of multi-cellular life...
- Growing in low tufty patches.