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History of North America Reference Libraries

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Samuel de Champlain
2014-01-07 10:15:12

Samuel de Champlain, known as The Father of New France, was a Frenchman with many titles including navigator, soldier, explorer, cartographer, and diplomat. Born Samuel Champlain in 1574 to a family of mariners, exploration was in his blood and he took his first voyage as a young man in 1603, led by François Gravé Du Pont. In his early years, Champlain learned to navigate, create nautical...

Leif Ericson
2014-01-06 10:25:39

Leif Ericson was a Norse explorer seen as the first European to land in North America nearly 500 years prior to Christopher Columbus. According to the Sagas of Icelanders, he established a Norse settlement at Vinland, identified with the Norse L’Anse aux Meadows on the northern point of Newfoundland in modern-day Canada. It is believed that Leif was born in Iceland around the 970’s - the...

William Clark
2013-10-28 14:11:26

William Clark was an American explorer, territorial governor, soldier, and Indian agent who lived between August 1, 1770 and September 1, 1838. He is best known for his exploration of the territory between the Louisiana Purchase and the Pacific Ocean, which he conducted alongside Meriwether Lewis between 1803 and 1806. William Clark, born in 1770 in Caroline County, Virginia, was the ninth...

Mesa Verde National Park
2013-04-24 15:47:49

Mesa Verde National Park is located in the state of Colorado in the United States. The park contains 52,485 acres of land that was once inhabited by Native American tribes including the basket maker and pueblo peoples, also known as the Anasazi tribe. In 1868, the American government made a treaty with the Ute tribe that established the area west of the Continental Divide as belonging to the...

Word of the Day
caparison
  • A cloth or covering, more or less ornamented, laid over the saddle or furniture of a horse, especially of a sumpter-horse or horse of state.
  • Clothing, especially sumptuous clothing; equipment; outfit.
  • To cover with a caparison, as a horse.
  • To dress sumptuously; adorn with rich dress.
This word ultimately comes from the Medieval Latin 'cappa,' cloak.
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