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Latest Holoprosencephaly Stories

2009-08-17 06:45:54

Women with epilepsy who have seizures during pregnancy appear more likely to give birth to pre-term, small or low-birth-weight babies than women without epilepsy, according to a new report. "While approximately 40 percent of the 18 million women with epilepsy in the world are of childbearing age," Yi-Hua Chen, Ph.D., of Tai Pei Medical University, Taiwan, and colleagues were quoted as saying, "managing maternal epilepsy and monitoring the health of the developing fetus remain some of the most...

2009-07-02 12:53:15

New research out of Wake Forest University School of Medicine provides for the first time a solid scientific answer for the long-standing question of whether there is an association between preterm birth and brain malformations.In a study of more than 1,000 preterm infant autopsies, researchers found that there is a strong association between congenital brain defects and preterm birth, leading investigators to believe that something about the brain malformations may be causing preterm birth...

2009-06-15 16:42:58

New research from Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center highlights the critical role a certain gene and its protein play during early embryonic development on formation of a normal heart and skull.In a study posted online June 15 by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a research team at Cincinnati Children's reports that too little of the gene/protein SHP2 interferes with the normal developmental activity of what are called neural crest cells. These cells, which occur...

2009-06-11 08:24:04

If you are pregnant and your mate complains your frequent snoring is rattling the bedroom windows, you may have bigger problems than an annoyed, sleep-deprived partner. A new study from researchers at the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine has found that women who reported frequent snoring during their pregnancy were more likely to develop gestational diabetes -- a condition than can cause health problems for the mother and baby. The study also found pregnancy increases...

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2009-05-15 11:45:00

UK researchers show that a gene can explain why some women find it more difficult to stop smoking during pregnancy, BBC News reported.The "addictive gene" was associated with a lower chance of quitting once pregnant, according to a study of 2,500 women who smoked before falling pregnant.In the first three months of pregnancy it found that 28 percent of pregnant smokers quit compared with 21 percent of those with two copies of the gene and 31 percent without the gene.There is no reason why the...

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2009-04-24 09:39:39

The calming neurological effects of nicotine have been demonstrated in a group of non-smokers during anger provocation. Researchers writing in BioMed Central's open access journal Behavioral and Brain Functions suggest that nicotine may alter the activity of brain areas that are involved in the inhibition of negative emotions such as anger. Jean Gehricke led a team of researchers from the University of California who studied the effect of nicotine patches on the subjects' tendency to...

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2009-04-06 07:50:48

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) and Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) cause malformations in babies, including facial defects, short stature, and mental and behavioral abnormalities. The African frog, Xenopus, is a valuable tool for understanding early vertebrate development since these embryos are large, easy to work with and very responsive to environmental cues. New research uses this system to address the mechanism underlying the characteristics associated with maternal consumption of...

2009-03-09 07:45:56

Bonn scientists discover gene locus associated with deformity Comparing 500,000 snippets of human DNA put scientists from the University of Bonn on the right track. A genetic variant on chromosome 8 occurs with significantly higher frequency in people with cleft lip and palate than in the control group. The results are to be published in the forthcoming issue of the journal Nature Genetics. Cleft lips and palates are among the most frequent innate abnormalities. One in about 700 babies in...

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2008-11-05 14:45:00

Mothers who smoked during pregnancy more than twice as likely to have a baby with a cleft lip or palate Babies whose mothers smoked during pregnancy were more than twice as likely to have a cleft palate or lip as those whose mothers didn't, according to research results released today. Although the study confirms earlier findings, it is unique because it did not rely on women's self-reported smoking habits during pregnancy. Instead, researchers used the more reliable method of measuring the...

2008-07-31 21:00:37

Women with diabetes before they become pregnant are three to four times more likely to have a child with one or multiple birth defects, U.S. officials said. A study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, shows that pregnant women with pre-gestational diabetes mellitus -- pre-pregnancy diagnosis of diabetes, such as type 1 or type 2 diabetes -- are more likely than a mother with no diabetes or a mother with...


Word of the Day
omphalos
  • The navel or umbilicus.
  • In Greek archaeology: A central boss, as on a shield, a bowl, etc.
  • A sacred stone in the temple of Apollo at Delphi, believed by the Greeks to mark the 'navel' or exact center-point of the earth.
'Omphalos' comes from the ancient Greek.
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