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Latest Homeostasis Stories

2009-11-03 08:47:24

A new study suggests that the inner sense of our cardiovascular state, our "interoceptive awareness" of the heart pounding, relies on two independent pathways, contrary to what had been asserted by prominent researchers. The University of Iowa study was published online this week in the journal Nature Neuroscience by researchers in the department of neurology in the Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine and the graduate programs in neuroscience and psychology. The researchers found...

2009-02-20 22:51:35

The brains of thrill seekers differ from those of who avoid risky behavior, U.S. researchers suggest. Psychologists Jane E. Joseph, Xun Liu, Yang Jiang and Thomas H. Kelly of the University of Kentucky, along with Donald Lyman of Purdue University, recruited two sets of volunteers -- high sensation seekers or low sensation seekers -- based on their responses to personality surveys and risk-taking questionnaires. Both groups were shown a variety of photographs -- ranging from mundane scenes of...

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2008-05-28 19:55:00

PASADENA, Calif. -- In the biblical story in which two women bring a baby to King Solomon, both claiming to be the mother, he suggests dividing the child so that each woman can have half. Solomon's proposed solution, meant to reveal the real mother, also illustrates an issue central to economics and moral philosophy: how to distribute goods fairly. Now, researchers at the California Institute of Technology have discovered that reason struggles with emotion to find equitable solutions, and...

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2008-03-12 09:25:00

Researchers from EPFL and Caltech have made an important neurobiological discovery of how humans learn to predict risk.  The research, appearing in the March 12 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience, shed light on why certain kinds of risk, notably financial risk, are often underestimated, and whether abnormal behavior such as addiction (e.g. to gambling or drugs) could be caused by an erroneous evaluation of risk. Planning entails making predictions. In an uncertain environment, however,...

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2005-08-31 18:15:00

The ups and downs of the stock market reflect investors' balance between greed and fear, goes an old saying. Until now, though, economists have not had a way to incorporate such emotions into their models of investors' strategies. However, in the September 1, 2005, issue of Neuron, Camelia M. Kuhnen and Brian Knutson of Stanford University report the identification of two key brain regions activated before people make risk-seeking versus risk-aversion investment mistakes. They said that...


Word of the Day
barghest
  • A goblin in English folklore, often appearing in the shape of a large dog and believed to portend imminent death or misfortune.
  • A ghost, wraith, hobgoblin, elf, or spirit.
The origin of 'barghest' is not known, but it may be from perhaps burh-ghest, town-ghost, or German Berg-geist (mountain spirit) or Bär-geist (bear-spirit).
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