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Last updated on April 25, 2014 at 5:51 EDT

Latest Human brain Stories

2014-04-08 12:58:18

A multidisciplinary group of scientists from the Sanders-Brown Center on Aging at the University of Kentucky have identified an interesting connection between the health of the brain tissue that supports cognitive functioning and the presence of dementia in adults with Down syndrome. Published in the Neurobiology of Aging, the study, which focused on detecting changes in the white matter connections of the brain, offers tantalizing potential for the identification of biomarkers connected...

Brain's Inner Workings Revealed In Two New Nature Papers
2014-04-03 05:08:55

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online On the one-year anniversary of the formation of the BRAIN Initiative, researchers from the Allen Institute for Brain Science announced the publication of two new scientific papers: one detailing the creation of a high-resolution blueprint of a prenatal human mind, and another showing the wiring of a mouse brain. The 10 year, $100 million BRAIN (Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies) initiative was launched...

2014-04-02 12:32:43

Landmark publication comes on the heels of completion of the Allen Mouse Brain Connectivity Atlas in March 2014 SEATTLE, April 2, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Researchers from the Allen Institute for Brain Science have published the first comprehensive, large-scale data set on how the brain of a mammal is wired, providing a groundbreaking data resource and fresh insights into how the nervous system processes information. Their landmark paper in this week's issue of the journal Nature both...

The Prenatal Origins Of Autism In The Developing Brain
2014-03-28 07:48:58

Rebekah Eliason for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and the Allen Institute for Brain Science provides evidence that the development of autism begins during pregnancy. For this study, 25 genes in the post-mortem brain tissue of children both with autism and without were analyzed. Researchers included Eric Courchesne, PhD, professor of neurosciences and director of the Autism Center of Excellence at UC San...

2014-03-26 16:25:39

SEATTLE, March 26, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and the Allen Institute for Brain Science have published a study that gives clear and direct new evidence that autism begins during pregnancy. The study will be published in the March 26, 2014 online edition of the New England Journal of Medicine. The researchers - by Eric Courchesne, PhD, professor of neurosciences and director of the Autism Center of Excellence at...

2014-03-26 16:19:50

Long-term brain damage caused by stroke could be reduced by saving cells called pericytes that control blood flow in capillaries Long-term brain damage caused by stroke could be reduced by saving cells called pericytes that control blood flow in capillaries, reports a new study led by scientists from UCL (University College London). Until now, many scientists believed that blood flow within the brain was solely controlled by changes in the diameter of arterioles, blood vessels that...

2014-03-26 11:04:47

In life, many tasks have a context that dictates the right actions, so when people learn to do something new, they'll often infer cues of context and rules. In a new study, Brown University brain scientists took advantage of that tendency to track the emergence of such rule structures in the frontal cortex — even when such structure was not necessary or even helpful to learn — and to predict from EEG readings how people would apply them to learn new tasks speedily. Context and rule...

Dogs Are Sensitive To Emotions
2014-02-21 04:24:32

[ Watch the Video: Dogs Know How You're Feeling ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Humans can recognize the voices of their friends, get a mental image of them without actually seeing them, and determine their mood based on the tone of their voices because of a special region of their brain dedicated to these tasks. However, new research suggests we might not be the only mammal with these “voice areas.” Writing in the journal Current Biology, Attila Andics...

Genetic Variation Linked To Intellectual Ability
2014-02-12 04:19:25

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Previous research studies have demonstrated that the thickness of the cerebral cortex, or “cortical thickness,” is closely related to intellectual ability, and a new study from scientists at King's College London has revealed a gene related to both cortical thickness and intelligence . Published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, the new study could help reveal the biological mechanisms behind some forms of intellectual...

Research Reveals White Matter 'Scaffold' Of Human Brain
2014-02-11 16:53:41

University of Southern California USC researchers create first map of core white matter connections; find not all brain connections are equally important For the first time, neuroscientists have systematically identified the white matter "scaffold" of the human brain, the critical communications network that supports brain function. Their work, published Feb. 11 in the open-source journal Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, has major implications for understanding brain injury and...