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Latest Human brain Stories

2012-05-17 12:51:48

Famous 1848 case of a man who survived a terrible accident has modern parallel Poor Phineas Gage. In 1848, the supervisor for the Rutland and Burlington Railroad in Vermont was using a 13-pound, 3-foot-7-inch rod to pack blasting powder into a rock when he triggered an explosion that drove the rod through his left cheek and out of the top of his head. As reported at the time, the rod was later found, "smeared with blood and brains." Miraculously, Gage lived, becoming the most famous...

Researchers Monitor Brain Activity Of A Chicken Embryo
2012-05-14 13:58:34

Researchers from Carlos III University in Madrid (UC3M) are part of a team that, for the first time ever, has been able to monitor the brain activity of a chicken embryo and to confirm that superior brain activity (carrying out complex tasks) begins long before the chick hatches. This is one of the principle conclusions of a study that has been published in the scientific journal Current Biology. Participants in the study included Evan Balaban (McGill University, Montreal), Manuel Desco...

2012-05-10 22:50:08

A recently evolved pattern of gene activity in the language and decision-making centers of the human brain is missing in a disorder associated with autism and learning disabilities, a new study by Yale University researchers shows. "This is the cost of being human," said Nenad Sestan, associate professor of neurobiology, researcher at Yale's Kavli Institute for Neuroscience, and senior author of the paper. "The same evolutionary mechanisms that may have gifted our species with amazing...

2012-05-09 21:13:21

In 1619, the pioneering astronomer Johannes Kepler published Harmonices Mundi in which he analyzed data on the movement of planets and asserted that the laws of nature governing the movements of planets show features of harmonic relationships in music. In so doing, Kepler provided important support for the, then controversial, model of the universe proposed by Copernicus. In the latest issue of Biological Psychiatry, researchers at the University of California in San Diego suggest that...

2012-04-19 20:05:54

Study shows religious participation and spirituality processed in different cerebral regions Scientists have speculated that the human brain features a “God spot,” one distinct area of the brain responsible for spirituality. Now, University of Missouri researchers have completed research that indicates spirituality is a complex phenomenon, and multiple areas of the brain are responsible for the many aspects of spiritual experiences. Based on a previously published study that...

Scientists Identify Genes That May Impact Alzheimer Patients' Brains
2012-04-17 05:38:50

Researchers have identified four genes that are associated with decreasing size of the hippocampus, a finding that may have impacts with studying Alzheimer's disease. The hippocampus is one of the brains regions involved with short and long-term memory processes.  It is also one of the first regions of the brain to exhibit damage from Alzheimer's disease. A team of over 200 scientists from 100 institutions around the world collaborated to map the human genes that boost or sabotage...

2012-04-12 22:17:31

Study published in Cell by Allen Institute for Brain Science examines cellular and molecular organization of human and mouse brain Scientists at the Allen Institute for Brain Science have identified similarities and differences among regions of the human brain, among the brains of human individuals, and between humans and mice by analyzing the expression of approximately 1,000 genes in the brain. The study, published online today in the journal Cell, sheds light on the human brain in...

2012-04-12 06:26:37

SEATTLE, April 12, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Scientists at the Allen Institute for Brain Science have identified similarities and differences among regions of the human brain, among the brains of human individuals, and between humans and mice by analyzing the expression of approximately 1,000 genes in the brain. The study, published online today in the journal Cell, sheds light on the human brain in general and also serves as an introduction to what the associated publicly available dataset can...

2012-03-29 23:22:34

Scans reveal astonishingly simple 3D grid structure -- NIH-funded study The brain appears to be wired more like the checkerboard streets of New York City than the curvy lanes of Columbia, Md., suggests a new brain imaging study. The most detailed images, to date, reveal a pervasive 3D grid structure with no diagonals, say scientists funded by the National Institutes of Health. "Far from being just a tangle of wires, the brain's connections turn out to be more like ribbon cables --...

2012-03-29 22:19:03

The first atlas of the surface of the human brain based upon genetic information has been produced by a national team of scientists, led by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and the VA San Diego Healthcare System. The atlas reveals that the cerebral cortex — the sheet of neural tissue enveloping the brain — is roughly divided into genetic divisions that differ from other brain maps based on physiology or function. The genetic atlas...