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Latest Human brain Stories

2014-03-26 16:25:39

SEATTLE, March 26, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and the Allen Institute for Brain Science have published a study that gives clear and direct new evidence that autism begins during pregnancy. The study will be published in the March 26, 2014 online edition of the New England Journal of Medicine. The researchers - by Eric Courchesne, PhD, professor of neurosciences and director of the Autism Center of Excellence at...

2014-03-26 16:19:50

Long-term brain damage caused by stroke could be reduced by saving cells called pericytes that control blood flow in capillaries Long-term brain damage caused by stroke could be reduced by saving cells called pericytes that control blood flow in capillaries, reports a new study led by scientists from UCL (University College London). Until now, many scientists believed that blood flow within the brain was solely controlled by changes in the diameter of arterioles, blood vessels that...

2014-03-26 11:04:47

In life, many tasks have a context that dictates the right actions, so when people learn to do something new, they'll often infer cues of context and rules. In a new study, Brown University brain scientists took advantage of that tendency to track the emergence of such rule structures in the frontal cortex — even when such structure was not necessary or even helpful to learn — and to predict from EEG readings how people would apply them to learn new tasks speedily. Context and rule...

Dogs Are Sensitive To Emotions
2014-02-21 04:24:32

[ Watch the Video: Dogs Know How You're Feeling ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Humans can recognize the voices of their friends, get a mental image of them without actually seeing them, and determine their mood based on the tone of their voices because of a special region of their brain dedicated to these tasks. However, new research suggests we might not be the only mammal with these “voice areas.” Writing in the journal Current Biology, Attila Andics...

Genetic Variation Linked To Intellectual Ability
2014-02-12 04:19:25

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Previous research studies have demonstrated that the thickness of the cerebral cortex, or “cortical thickness,” is closely related to intellectual ability, and a new study from scientists at King's College London has revealed a gene related to both cortical thickness and intelligence . Published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, the new study could help reveal the biological mechanisms behind some forms of intellectual...

Research Reveals White Matter 'Scaffold' Of Human Brain
2014-02-11 16:53:41

University of Southern California USC researchers create first map of core white matter connections; find not all brain connections are equally important For the first time, neuroscientists have systematically identified the white matter "scaffold" of the human brain, the critical communications network that supports brain function. Their work, published Feb. 11 in the open-source journal Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, has major implications for understanding brain injury and...

Ultrasound Enhances Sensory Perception
2014-01-13 04:29:48

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Ultrasound, which is used by creatures such as bats and whales as a type of sensory guidance system, can also boost sensory perception in humans by modulating brain activity, according to new research appearing in Sunday’s online edition of Nature Neuroscience. In the paper, scientists from the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute report that low-intensity ultrasound focused on the transcranial region of the brain can...

Contextual Information Can Trip Up The Brain On Even The Simplest Logic Problems
2013-12-21 04:59:25

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online If the human brain is comparable to a computer, why does it so often make mistakes that its electronic counterpart does not? New research suggests it all has to do with how various problems are presented. Scientists typically like to make this comparison because both the human brain and a computer typically follow a set of rules in which to make decisions, communicate and perform other tasks. However, University of...

2013-12-20 13:35:08

Anyone who has tried to learn a second language knows how difficult it is to absorb new words and use them to accurately express ideas in a completely new cultural format. Now, research into some of the fundamental ways the brain accepts information and tags it could lead to new, more effective ways for people to learn a second language. Tests have shown that the human brain uses the same neuron system to see an action and to understand an action described in language. Researchers at...

2013-12-12 10:51:45

Poverty may have direct implications for important, early steps in the development of the brain, saddling children of low-income families with slower rates of growth in two key brain structures, according to researchers from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. By age 4, children in families living with incomes under 200 percent of the federal poverty line have less gray matter — brain tissue critical for processing of information and execution of actions — than kids growing up in...


Word of the Day
cacodemon
  • An evil spirit; a devil.
  • A nightmare.
  • In astrology, the twelfth house of a scheme or figure of the heavens: so called from its signifying dreadful things, such as secret enemies, great losses, imprisonment, etc.
'Cacodemon' comes from a Greek term meaning 'evil genius.'
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