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Latest Human evolution Stories

Bigger Brains Indicate Hobbit Humans Evolved From Homo Erectus
2013-04-17 07:41:20

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The hobbit human, a small-statured race that evolved separately from our own ancestor Homo erectus on an island of the Indonesian Archipelago some 50,000 years ago, has been discovered by Japanese scientists to have a bigger brain than once believed. Hobbit humans, named after the tiny folk from JRR Tolkein's novels, are collectively known as Homo floresiensis (Man of Flores). The remains of the ancient humans were discovered on...

Mitochondrial Genome Of Ancestral Flowering Plant Revealed By Tulip Tree
2013-04-15 11:24:04

BioMed Central The extraordinary level of conservation of the tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera) mitochondrial genome has redefined our interpretation of evolution of the angiosperms (flowering plants), finds research in biomed Central's open access journal BMC Biology. This beautiful 'molecular fossil' has a remarkably slow mutation rate meaning that its mitochondrial genome has remained largely unchanged since the dinosaurs were roaming the earth. Evolutionary studies make used of...

2013-04-12 13:40:04

The spleen is rarely noticed, until it is missing. In children born without this organ, that doesn't happen until they become sick with life-threatening bacterial infections. An international team of researchers led by scientists from Rockefeller's St. Giles Laboratory of Human Genetics and Infectious Diseases has now identified the defective gene responsible for this rare disorder. The findings, reported today in Science Express, may lead to new diagnostic tests and raises new questions...

Ancient Hominid Study Reveals Early Similarities Between Humans And Apes
2013-04-12 09:07:49

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online One of the largest studies on some of the most complete remains of early human ancestors has culminated in a comprehensive look into how an early hominid (Australopithecus sediba) moved and chewed. The study, collaborated on by an international team of scientists and published in six papers in the journal Science, details not only early traits but also describes notable features that set it apart from modern humans. The research...

El Sidron cave
2013-04-03 05:14:46

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study, led by the University of Oviedo, Spain, has been able to accurately determine the age of Neanderthal remains found in the El Sidron cave of Asturias, Spain. Previous studies have provided inexact measurements for the remains. The new study found that a pre-treatment to reduce modern carbon contamination has lowered the margin of error from 40,000 to 3,200 years. One of the westernmost Neanderthal sites on the Iberian...

Neanderthal Genome Fully Sequenced From Toe Bone
2013-03-20 06:21:09

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A team of German scientists have fully sequenced the genome of the Neanderthal and said they will be making the entire sequence freely available to the scientific community for research. The genome was produced from the remains of a toe bone found in a cave in Siberia, and is far more detailed than a previous mapping of the ancient genome published three years ago by the same team. Svante Paabo and colleagues at the Max Planck...

Ancient Human Skulls Show Evidence Of Prevalent Inbreeding
2013-03-19 15:25:55

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Although it is considered completely taboo in most modern societies, an ancient human skull found in northern China suggests inbreeding could have been prevalent among ancient peoples around 100,000 years ago, according to a report in the open access journal PLoS ONE. The skull — which was found at Xujiayao, a mountainous excavation site several hundred miles from the Mongolian border — contained an enlarged parietal...

Neanderthals Went Extinct Because Of Their Large Eyes
2013-03-13 09:13:33

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists know that early Humans (Homo sapiens) and Neanderthals (H. s. neanderthalensis) coexisted for a short time before the latter eventually became extinct. While it was understood that humans had better developed brains than their more primitive counterparts, it was generally not well-known why these early ancestors made a grand exit. A new study, published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B, suggests one...


Latest Human evolution Reference Libraries

Australopithecus garhi
2013-11-29 11:38:51

Australopithecus garhi is a gracile australopithecine species whose fossils were discovered in 1996 by a research team led by Ethiopian paleontologist Berhane Asfaw ad Tim White, an American paleontologist. The remains are believed to be a human ancestor species and most likely the direct ancestor to the human genus Homo. Tim White was the scientist to find the first of the key A. garhi fossils in 1996 within the Bouri Formation found in the Middle Awash of Ethiopia’s Afar Depression....

Neanderthals
2013-10-03 16:03:35

The Neanderthals or Neandertals are an extinct species or subspecies of the genus Homo which is closely related to modern humans. They are known from fossils, dating back from the Pleistocene period, which have been found in Europe and parts of western and central Asia. The species gets its name from Neandertal, “Neander’s Valley”, the location in Germany where it was first uncovered. Neanderthals are classified either as a subspecies of Homo sapiens or as a distinct species of the...

Homo sapiens
2013-09-24 13:55:52

Homo sapiens is the scientific name for the human species. Homo is the human genus, which also includes Neanderthals and various other extinct species of hominid. H. sapiens is the only surviving species of the genus Homo. Modern humans are the subspecies Homo sapiens sapiens, distinguished from their direct ancestor, Homo sapiens idaltu (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homo_sapiens_idaltu). Subspecies of H. sapiens include Homo sapiens idaltu, roughly translated as “elder wise human” and...

Homo sapiens idaltu
2013-09-24 12:20:45

Homo sapiens idaltu is an extinct subspecies of Homo sapiens that lived nearly 160,000 years ago during the Pleistocene in Africa. “Idaltu” comes from the Saho-Afar word meaning “elder” or “first born”. The fossilized remains of H. s. idaltu were uncovered at Herto Bouri near the Middle Awash site of Ethiopia’s Afar Triangle in the year 1997 by Tim White, but were first revealed in 2003. Herto Bouri is a portion of Ethiopia under volcanic layers. By using radioisotope dating,...

Homo floresiensis
2013-09-16 13:06:40

Homo floresiensis Homo floresiensis, or Flores Man, nicknamed “hobbit” and “Flow”, is an extinct species in the genus Homo. The remains of an individual that would have stood about 3 feet in height were uncovered in 2003 on the island of Flores in Indonesia. Incomplete skeletons of nine individuals have been recovered, including one complete cranium. These remains have been the focus of intense research to establish whether they represent a species distinctive from modern humans....

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Word of the Day
jument
  • A beast of burden; also, a beast in general.
'Jument' ultimately comes from the Latin 'jugum,' yoke.
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