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Latest Human gastrointestinal tract Stories

Pistachio's May Promote A Beneficial Gut Environment
2012-04-24 13:40:52

First-of-its-kind research presented as an abstract at the 2012 American Society for Nutrition suggests eating pistachios may positively impact bacterial profile of the digestive tract A preliminary 16-person study suggests that eating pistachios may help alter levels of potentially beneficial bacteria in the gut, a finding that holds promise for supporting digestive health(1). The research, presented as an abstract this week at the Experimental Biology conference, is the first study of...

2012-03-21 14:05:42

Researchers from the Hotchkiss Brain Institute (HBI) and the Snyder Institute for Chronic Diseases at the University of Calgary's Faculty of Medicine have discovered a pathway that may contribute to the symptoms related to Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, collectively known as Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). This research is a major milestone in developing future drug therapies for those living with these debilitating disorders. The digestive process is complex. To coordinate the...

2012-03-07 11:04:51

Scientists have found that the gut endoderm has a significant role in propagating the information that determines whether organs develop in the stereotypical left-right pattern. Their findings are published 6 March 2012 in the online, open-access journal PLoS Biology. Superficially, we appear bilaterally symmetrical. Nonetheless, the stereotypical placement of our organs reveals a stereotypical internal asymmetry. For example, the heart is located on the left, while the liver is located on...

2012-02-22 21:28:38

Functional foods containing bacteria with beneficial health effects, or probiotics, have long been consumed in Northern Europe and are becoming increasingly popular elsewhere. To be of benefit, however, the bacteria have to survive in the very hostile environment of the digestive tract. A group of scientists from the Norwegian University of Life Sciences in Ã…s, Norway have developed a "model gastric system" for evaluating the survival of bacteria strains in the human digestive...

2012-02-22 11:01:59

Thomas Jefferson University researchers found that silencing hormone receptor weakens intestinal barrier, making body more susceptible to cancer A leaky gut may be the root of some cancers forming in the rest of the body, a new study published online Feb. 21 in PLoS ONE by Thomas Jefferson University researchers suggests. It appears that the hormone receptor guanylyl cyclase C (GC-C)–a previously identified tumor suppressor that exists in the intestinal tract–plays a key...

2012-01-13 06:51:17

(Ivanhoe Newswire)-- An interesting observation has been made that many autistic children have a different kind of bacteria in their intestinal tract than non-autistic children do. Brent Williams and colleagues at the Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University found that bacteria belonging to the group Sutterella are one of the major populations of microorganisms living in the gut of some autistic children. Sutterella was not found in tissue samples from non-autistic children....

2012-01-10 08:00:00

The Biology Website EurekaMag.com publishes insights into all areas of biological and health science. The latest insights cover the Digestive System which consists of a series of hollow organs joined in a long, twisting tube from the mouth to the anus, and the Nervous System which is is an organ system containing a network of neurons that coordinate the actions of an organism and transmit signals between different parts of its body. The insight into Photosynthesis covers the chemical process...

2012-01-10 11:33:54

The underlying reason autism is often associated with gastrointestinal problems is an unknown, but new results to be published in the online journal mBio® on January 10 reveal that the guts of autistic children differ from other children in at least one important way: many children with autism harbor a type of bacteria in their guts that non-autistic children do not. The study was conducted by Brent Williams and colleagues at the Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University....

2011-09-06 11:04:17

A protective delivery vehicle that shuttles friendly bacteria safely through the stomach to the intestines could provide a major boost for the probiotics industry. The new technology could also be used for the delivery of certain drugs and even increase calcium absorption, according to research presented at the Society for General Microbiology's Autumn Conference at the University of York this week. The probiotic industry is worth £200 million a year in the UK. Probiotic foods...


Latest Human gastrointestinal tract Reference Libraries

Duodenal Atresia
2013-07-19 15:38:56

Duodenal atresia is a congenital closure of the lumen of the duodenum, which is the first portion of the small intestine and is separated from the stomach by the pyloric sphincter. During fetal development, the duodenum develops from the posterior portion of the foregut and the anterior portion of the midgut. The liver and pancreas originate from the diverticulum arising from the ventral part of the duodenum, and the bile duct runs along the ventral free side of the duodenum. Rotation and...

Large Intestine
2013-04-30 14:11:04

The large intestine is the organ that follows the small intestine but is the last part of the digestive tract before the waste leaves the body. Formation and Orientation The small intestine is on average about five feet long. It is composed of four distinct structural parts; the cecum, colon, and anus. The cecum is the part of the large intestine that comes first. It is separated into three parts. The taeniae coli are three bands of smooth muscle. The haustra are bulges caused by...

Esophagus
2013-04-30 13:37:01

The esophagus is the muscular tube that is located between the pharynx and the stomach that aids in digestion during swallowing. Formation and Orientation The esophagus is composed of four separate layers; the mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externa and the adventitia. The mucosa includes the stratified squamous epithelium, lamina propria and muscularis mucosae. The submucosa houses the esophageal glands and connective papillae. The muscularis externa is composed of three sublayers The...

Gallbladder
2013-03-05 14:18:48

The gall bladder is the sac-shaped organ that is the passage between the liver and intestine where bile is held. Formation and Orientation The gall bladder is relatively 8 cm by 4 cm when fully formed. The gallbladder is angled between the rectus abdominis muscle and the costal margin. It is hollow and is made up of three parts; the fundus, the body and the neck. The fundus is the part of the gallbladder that is most far from the cystic duct. This is at the same level of the...

Small Intestine
2013-03-04 15:13:09

The small intestine is the part of the digestive tract that follows the stomach and is followed by the large intestine. Formation and Orientation The small intestine is on average between 22 feet 6 inches and 24 feet 4 inches. It is composed of three distinct structural parts; the duodenum, the jejunum, and the ileum. The duodenum is the part of the intestine where most chemical breakdown happens; it is also the shortest part of the intestine. It starts at the duodenal bulb and stops...

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Word of the Day
conjunto
  • A style of popular dance music originating along the border between Texas and Mexico, characterized by the use of accordion, drums, and 12-string bass guitar and traditionally based on polka, waltz, and bolero rhythms.
The word 'conjunto' comes through Spanish, from Latin coniūnctus, past participle of coniungere, to join together; see conjoin