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Latest Human genome Stories

2013-08-26 11:55:31

Concealed within the vastness of the human genome, (comprised of some 3 billion base pairs), mutations are commonplace. While the majority of these appear to have neutral effect on human health, many others are associated with diseases and disease susceptibility. Reed Cartwright, a researcher at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute, along with colleagues at ASU, Washington University and the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Cambridge, UK, report on a new software tool known as...

Chinese Hamster Genome Decoded
2013-08-22 04:58:36

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The genome of the Chinese hamster - which supplies the cell cultures used by the pharmaceutical industry to produce biopharmaceutical products such as antibodies used in medicine - has been sequenced by an international team of genome researchers led by Professor Dr. Alfred Pühler from Bielefeld University’s Center for Biotechnology (CeBiTec). The CeBiTec team collaborated with the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences...

The Genetics Of Mountain Sickness
2013-08-16 05:14:11

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online An international team of researchers has discovered the genetic basis of chronic mountain sickness (CMS), a condition developed during prolonged exposure to high altitudes, according to research appearing in the August 15 edition of the American Journal of Human Genetics. The condition, which is also known as “Monge's disease,” is the result of low oxygen levels and can cause severe damage to the body, including heart attacks,...

New Childhood Epilepsy Genes
2013-08-12 10:40:43

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A large, international research consortium has identified 25 new mutations on nine key genes responsible for childhood epilepsy. Because these mutations are not inherited, the scientists used a state-of-the-art genetic technique called exome sequencing to identify them. "It appears that the time for using this approach to understand complex neurological disorders has arrived," said David Goldstein, study leader and director of the...

2013-08-08 13:57:33

A team from the University of Washington has unveiled a comprehensive portrait of the genome of the world’s first immortal cell line, known as HeLa. The cell line was derived in 1951 from an aggressive cervical cancer that killed Henrietta Lacks, a 31-year-old African-American tobacco farmer and mother of five – the subject of the 2010 New York Times best-seller, “The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks.” They will also be...

2013-08-02 12:30:50

Two women have the same genetic mutation – an abnormal BRCA1 gene that puts them both at much higher-than-average risk for breast cancer – but only one woman develops the disease. Why? Michigan State University genetic scientists have begun to understand the mechanisms behind the phenomena. "It's been known for a while that genetic mutations can modify each other," explained Ian Dworkin, MSU associate professor of zoology. "And we also know that the...

New Clues About Human Ancestry
2013-08-02 05:16:23

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online For the first time, scientists have been able to trace human ancestry through the male line by sequencing the DNA of multiple entire Y chromosomes - and this so-called "Adam" lived during roughly the same time period as the female most recent common ancestor (MRCA), mitochondrial "Eve," they have discovered. The MRCAs, mitochondrial Eve and Y-chromosomal Adam, are two individuals who passed down a portion of their genomes to the...


Word of the Day
holluschickie
  • A 'bachelor seal'; a young male seal which is prevented from mating by its herd's older males (mated bulls defending their territory).
This comes from the Russian word for 'bachelors.'
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